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Arthur, John William (1881–1952), missionary and physician, was born on 23 April 1881 in Glasgow, son of John William Arthur (1848–1921), a calico printer, and Margaret Dennistoun Sloan (1846–1917), daughter of David Sloan, a Glasgow businessman. He grew up in an atmosphere of warm evangelical piety. Already at the age of twelve he determined to be a missionary and chose to study medicine with that in mind. ...

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Arundell, John (c. 1400–1477), physician and bishop of Chichester, was a Cornishman, almost certainly of the Lanherne branch of the family, whose arms he bore. The likelihood is that he was the son of Sir John Arundell (d. 1433), landowner, and his wife, ...

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Ashburne, John (bap. 1607, d. 1661), Church of England clergyman and madhouse keeper, was the son of Robert Ashburne of Crowle, Lincolnshire, where he was baptized on 19 July 1607. Ashburne matriculated sizar at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1625; he graduated BA and was ordained deacon at ...

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Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a native of the Netherlands. From an early age he was an assiduous scholar of Jewish and secular subjects, winning prizes at ...

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Avery, Benjamin (bap. 1684?, d. 1764), Presbyterian minister and physician, was probably the son of Timothy Avery (d. 1721) and Elizabeth Avery baptized at Newbury, Berkshire, on 1 December 1684. Little is known of his early life or education. James Odgers conjectures that ...

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Barry, Edward (1759–1822), religious and medical writer, son of a physician of Bristol, was educated at Bristol School under Mr Lee, and studied medicine at St Andrews University, where he graduated MD. Preferring theology to medicine, he took orders in the Church of England...

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Barton, John (fl. 1417), physician and alleged heretic, was the subject of a testimonial issued at Reading on 11 May 1417 by Archbishop Chichele, stating that John Barton, described as a doctor of the city of London, had purged himself in a provincial council held at ...

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Bomelius, Eliseus (d. 1579), physician and astrologer, born in Wesel, Westphalia, was probably the son of Henry Bomelius (d. 1570), a native of Bommel (now Zaltbommel) in the Netherlands, who from 1540 to 1559 was Lutheran preacher at Wesel, and the author of several religious and historical books of wide repute. The ...

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Bretnor, Thomas (1570/71–1618), astrologer and medical practitioner, was born in Bakewell, Derbyshire, and went to London about 1604, settling in the parish of St Sepulchre. Though he appears not to have attended university, he was fluent in Latin, French, and Spanish, and became a well-known figure in Jacobean ...

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Bridges, John Henry (1832–1906), positivist and medical administrator, was born on 11 October 1832 at the vicarage, Old Newton, Suffolk. Slight, fair-haired, and fine-featured, he was the third of five children of the Revd Charles Bridges (1794–1869), a well-known evangelical, and his wife, ...

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Brown, Dame Edith Mary (1864–1956), medical missionary and founder of the North India School of Medicine for Christian Women, was born on 24 March 1864 at Bank Buildings, 10A Coats Lane, Whitehaven, Cumberland. One of six children, she was the second of three daughters born to ...

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Browne, Stanley George (1907–1986), leprologist and medical missionary, was born on 8 December 1907 at 77 Bousefield Road, New Cross, London, the second of the five children of Arthur Browne (1874–1967), Post Office clerk, and his wife, Edith Lillywhite (1887–1927). His formal instruction started when, after much pleading, he entered ...

Image

Stanley George Browne (1907–1986) by Elliott & Fry, 1956 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bull, Henry (d. 1577), theological writer and physician, was born in Warwickshire. In 1537 he entered Magdalen College, Oxford, where he was admitted BA in June 1539 and became a fellow the following year. His colleagues included John Foxe, Robert Crowley, and Thomas Cooper...

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See Bullein, William

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Burden, Harold Nelson (1860–1930), Church of England clergyman and health administrator, was born on 20 March 1860 at Hythe, Kent, the eldest of the three children of Thomas Burden (1829–1872), a grocer, and his wife, Sarah Ann (Sally) Munk (c.1833–1902). When he was twelve his father died, and he was probably brought up by his grandparents, who were farmers. Unfortunately he was not successful as a grazier and dairyman and was declared bankrupt in 1886. He then worked in the slums of the ...

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Butler, Fanny Jane (1850–1889), physician and medical missionary, was born on 5 October 1850 at 6 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London, the eighth of the ten children of Thomas Butler (b. 1809), who worked at the British Museum, and his wife, Jane Isabella North...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Vivienne Larminie

Capel, Richard (1586–1656), Church of England clergyman and physician, was born in Gloucester, a younger son of Christopher Capel, a godly alderman of the city whose family came from Herefordshire, and his wife, Grace, daughter of Richard Hands. He matriculated from St Alban Hall, Oxford...

Article

Edward Heron-Allen

revised by Anita McConnell

Case, John (c. 1660–1700), astrologer and quack, was born at Lyme, Dorset, about 1660, judging from the statement in his book, The wards of the key to Helmont proved unfit for the lock, or, The principles of Mr Wm Bacon examined and refuted...

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Norman Moore

revised by Sarah Bakewell

Chambre, John (1470–1549), physician and cleric, was born in Northumberland. He studied at Oxford, where he was elected fellow of Merton College in 1492, and, after taking orders, became rector of Tichmarsh in Northamptonshire. Having obtained his MA, he visited Italy and studied medicine there, graduating at ...