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Ablett, Noah (1883–1935), miners' leader and adult educator, was born on 4 October 1883 in Ynys-hir, near Porth, Rhondda, Glamorgan, the tenth of eleven children of John Ablett, miner, and his wife, Jane, née Williams. Educated at Ferndale higher grade school, he was a boy preacher. He followed his father and elder brothers and started work in the ...

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Armstrong, Thomas [Tommy] (1848–1920), pitman and poet, was born on 15 August 1848 in Wood Street, Shotley Bridge, co. Durham, the son of Timothy Armstrong, labourer, and his wife, Mary, née Wilson. Childhood rickets bowed his legs to such an extent that when at the age of nine he started work as a trapper boy in the pit his brother had to carry him there; he never exceeded ...

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Ashington group [pitmen painters] (act. 1934–1983), originated in October 1934 when men, mainly coalminers, from Ashington, Northumberland, began classes in art appreciation. It was a course without precedent in a mining village 16 miles, and a world away, from the nearest art gallery. The class, organized by the ...

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Bainbridge, Emerson Muschamp (1845–1911), mining engineer and colliery owner, was born on 23 December 1845 in Portland Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, the third son and fourth child in the family of fifteen children (ten of whom survived childhood) of Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge (1817–1892)...

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Bald, Robert (1776–1861), mining engineer, was born at Culross, Perthshire, one of two sons of Alexander Bald (d. 1823) and his wife, Jane Christie. Alexander Bald (1783–1859) was his younger brother. The father was then colliery manager for the earl of Dundonald...

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See Beasley [née James], (Catherine) Eileen

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Ronald Lindsay Prain

revised by Anita McConnell

Beatty, Sir (Alfred) Chester (1875–1968), mining engineer and art collector, was born on 7 February 1875 in New York city, the youngest of the three sons of John Cuming Beatty, banker, of New York city, and his wife, Hetty, daughter of William Gedney Bull...

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Ernest Clarke

revised by Robert Brown

Brough, Bennett Hooper (1860–1908), mining engineer, born at Clapham on 20 September 1860, was the elder son of John Cargill Brough (1834–1872), FCS, librarian of the London Institution in Finsbury Circus, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth, née Kidd (d. 1867). He was the nephew of ...

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Buddle, John (1773–1843), mining engineer, was born at Kyo, near Lanchester, Durham, on 15 September 1773, the fourth of six children and the only son of John Buddle (1743–1806) and Anne Reay, a farmer's daughter. His father is said to have been a schoolmaster (though he was never licensed), but by 1777 was described as a coal viewer (or mining engineer), and it is clear that he was taking an interest in local mining matters from the 1760s. By 1792 the father's reputation was such that he was appointed viewer to ...

Image

John Cadman, first Baron Cadman (1877–1941) by Ivan Opffer, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cadman, John, first Baron Cadman (1877–1941), mining engineer and industrialist, was born on 7 September 1877 at The Villas, in the north Staffordshire mining village of Silverdale, the eldest son of James Cope Cadman (1851–1914) and his wife, Betty, née Keeling (d...

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Coombes, Bert Lewis [formerly Bertie Louis Coombs Griffiths] (1893–1974), coalminer and author, was born at 30 Dudley Road, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, on 9 January 1893, the only child of James Coombs Griffiths, grocer, and his wife, Harriett Thompson, the family coming to use the surname ...

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Corrie, Joseph [Joe] (1894–1968), miner and playwright, was born on 13 May 1894 at Limerigg, Slamannan, Stirlingshire, the eldest of three sons and four children of Joseph Corrie, grocer, and his wife, Mary McCleary, a farm servant from Sorbie, Wigtownshire. His father became a surfaceman in the ...

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Creswell, Frederic Hugh Page (1866–1948), politician in South Africa and mining engineer, was born on 13 November 1866 in Gibraltar, the youngest of the thirteen children of Edmund Creswell (d. 1877), then deputy postmaster-general of Gibraltar, and his wife, Mary Fraser of ...

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Curr, John (1756–1823), coal viewer and engineer, was born at Kyo, near Lanchester, co. Durham, the third and youngest son of John Curr (1712–1777), a coal viewer, or mining engineer, and his wife, Elizabeth (b. 1722). As a child he was familiar with the ...

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Davies, David Christopher (1827–1885), geologist and mining engineer, was born on 13 September 1827 at Oswestry, the son of Edward Thomas, labourer of Pentre Clawdd, and Elizabeth Davies, servant, of Leg Street, Oswestry. He was probably illegitimate and was orphaned at an early age; he had little or no formal education. When he was eleven he was apprenticed to ...

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Davies, Stephen Owen (1886–1972), miners' leader and politician, was born at 39 John Street, Abercwmboi, Glamorgan, probably on 9 November 1886, the fourth of six children of Thomas Davies, miner and union organizer, and his wife, Esther. However, there is some uncertainty over the exact date of his birth....

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Duffield, Alexander James (1821/2–1890), translator and mining engineer, was born at Tettenhall, near Wolverhampton, Staffordshire. He was intended for the clerical profession, and studied at Trinity College, Dublin, but did not take orders. Instead, after marriage, he emigrated to South America. He worked for some years in ...

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Forbes, David (1828–1876), geological chemist and mining engineer, was born at Douglas, Isle of Man, on 6 September 1828, one of the eight surviving children and fifth son of Edward Forbes (b. 1786) of Oakhill and Croukbane, near Douglas, a Manx banker and businessman, and ...

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Foster, Sir Clement Le Neve (1841–1904), geologist and mining engineer, was born on 23 March 1841 at Camberwell, Surrey, the second son of Peter Le Neve Foster (1809–1879), later secretary to the Society of Arts, and Georgiana Elizabeth (bap. 1817, d. 1885)...