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John Heathcoat (1783–1861) by William Holl © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Heathcoat, John (1783–1861), inventor of the bobbin net machine and lace manufacturer, was born at Duffield, near Derby, on 7 August 1783, the son of Francis Heathcote (or Heathcoat), a farmer and grazier, and his wife Elizabeth née Burton. The family moved to ...

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Holden, Sir Isaac, first baronet (1807–1897), inventor of a wool-combing machine, entrepreneur, and politician, was born on 7 May 1807 at Hurlet, near Paisley, the seventh child of Isaac Holden (d. 1826) and his wife, Alice, née Forrest. His father, a native of ...

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Mather, Sir William (1838–1920), mechanical engineer and textile equipment manufacturer, was born in John Street, Manchester, on 15 July 1838, the son of William Mather senior (d. 1858) and his wife, Amelia, daughter of James Tidswell of Manchester. The family operated a small machine works and iron foundry in ...

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Andrew Meikle (1719–1811) by A. Reddock, c. 1790–1800 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Meikle, Andrew (1719–1811), millwright and inventor of the threshing machine, was born on 5 May 1719, probably at Saltoun, Haddingtonshire. He was one of at least two brothers. His father, James Meikle, wright in Nether Keith, Haddingtonshire, working on behalf of Henry Fletcher...

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Raper, George Frederick (1909–1973), mechanical engineer and inventor of wool textile machinery, was born at 7 Cranbourne Road, Bradford, on 4 April 1909, the son of Arthur Ernest Raper (1870–1948) and his wife, Maggie Maud, née Smith (1878/9–1960). Arthur Raper was chairman and managing director of the long-established woolcombers ...

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Whitworth, Sir Joseph, baronet (1803–1887), mechanical engineer and machine tool manufacturer, was born at Stockport on 21 December 1803, the son of Charles Whitworth (1782–1870) and Sarah (1780–1814), daughter of Joseph Hulse. His father was a loom framemaker in the textile industry who, when his wife died in 1814, put his three young children in the care of foster parents and took advantage of an offer to train for the Congregationalist ministry. ...