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Akers, Sir Wallace Alan (1888–1954), chemist and industrialist, was born on 9 September 1888 at Walthamstow, the second child of Charles Akers, a chartered accountant, and his wife, Mary Ethelreda Brown. He was educated at Lake House School in Bexhill, and at Aldenham School...

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Allen, Sir Peter Christopher (1905–1993), chemist and industrialist, was born at Mawmead, Ashtead, Surrey, on 8 September 1905, the son of Sir Ernest King Allen (1864–1937), barrister and later assistant public trustee, and his wife, Florence Mary, née Gellatly. After Harrow School (1919–24) he studied natural sciences at ...

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Bailey, Sir George Edwin (1879–1965), electrical engineer and industrialist, was born in Loughborough on 19 October 1879, the tenth child of Thomas W. Bailey, master tailor, and his second wife, Ann Wilmot. He was educated at Loughborough grammar school, and entered the works of the ...

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Bain, Sir Frederick William (1889–1950), chemist and industrialist, was born on 22 March 1889 at Macduff, Banffshire, the son of James Bain, agent for the Macduff Commercial Company, and his wife, Isabella Strachan. Educated at the Banff Academy, he was only seventeen when the death of his father put an end to his hopes of a university career. He moved with his mother and younger sister to ...

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Beale, Sir Samuel Richard (1881–1964), engineer and industrialist, was born in Birmingham on 7 February 1881, one of two sons of James Samuel Beale (1840–1912) [see under Beale family], solicitor and company director, and his wife, Margaret Field. He was educated at ...

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Budding, Edwin Beard (1796–1846), engineer and inventor, was born on 25 August 1796 and baptized at St Michael's, Eastington and Alkerton, Gloucestershire, on 10 November 1796, the son of Charles Brain Budding (bap. 1755), and his wife, Mary Beard. Nothing is known of ...

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John Cadman, first Baron Cadman (1877–1941) by Ivan Opffer, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cadman, John, first Baron Cadman (1877–1941), mining engineer and industrialist, was born on 7 September 1877 at The Villas, in the north Staffordshire mining village of Silverdale, the eldest son of James Cope Cadman (1851–1914) and his wife, Betty, née Keeling (d...

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Sir (Eric) John Callard (1913–1998) by unknown photographer, 1972 © reserved; News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Callard, Sir (Eric) John [Jack] (1913–1998), engineer and industrialist, was born on 15 March 1913 at 162 Union Street, Torquay, Devon, the son of Frank Callard, master baker and confectioner, and his wife, Ada Mary, née Fawkes. He had a brother and a sister, and the family lived over their father's shop. ...

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Carne, Joseph (1782–1858), geologist and industrialist, was born on 17 April 1782 at Penzance, Cornwall, the eldest son of William Carne (1754–1836), a banker and a partner in the Angarrack tin smelting works near Hayle. A Methodist throughout his life, Carne was educated at the ...

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Corfield, Sir Kenneth George (1924–2016), mechanical engineer and industrialist, was born on 27 January 1924 at home in Westminster Road, Rushall, near Walsall, Staffordshire, the third in the family of four sons of Stanley Corfield (b. 1889), a buyer for an engineering firm, and his wife ...

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Davies, Duncan Sheppey (1921–1987), chemist and industrialist, was born in Liverpool on 20 April 1921, the only child of Duncan Samuel Davies, stockbroker, and his wife, Elsie Dora, née May. He grew up in Liverpool and was educated at Liverpool College. He went to ...

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Henry Deacon (1822–1876) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Deacon, Henry (1822–1876), chemist and manufacturer, was born on 30 July 1822 in London, the elder son of Henry Deacon, merchant, and his wife and cousin, Esther Deacon. The Deacons belonged to the Sandemanian church, whose most famous member, Michael Faraday, took an interest in their son. When he was fourteen ...

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Sir George Herbert Dowty (1901–1975) by unknown photographer Royal Aeronautical Society Library

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Dowty, Sir George Herbert (1901–1975), aeronautical engineer and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1901 at Pershore, Worcestershire, the son of William Dowty, a druggist and chemist in Pershore, and his wife, Laura Masters. He was the elder of twin boys by half an hour and the seventh son in the family. The twins were educated in a small private school in ...

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Eccles, Sir Josiah (1897–1967), engineer and industrialist, was born in Cookstown, Co. Tyrone, Ireland on 29 July 1897, one of five sons and seventh of eight children of Johnston Eccles (1856-1920), a farmer, and his wife Mary Ann née Cowan. Educated at ...

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Alexander Fleck, Baron Fleck (1889–1968) by Sir Lawrence Gowing, 1957 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fleck, Alexander, Baron Fleck (1889–1968), chemist and industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 11 November 1889, the only son of Robert Fleck, coal merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendry, daughter of James Duncan, coal clerk. He was educated at Saltcoats public school and ...