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Image

David Barclay (1729–1809) by Houghton © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Jacob M. Price

Reviser Leslie Hannah

Barclay, David (1729–1809), banker and brewer, was the younger son of David Barclay (1682–1769), Quaker merchant, and his second wife, Priscilla, daughter of John Freame, banker, of Lombard Street. David and his brother John became partners in their father's linen and merchant house in ...

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Bewley, Joshua (1819–1900), tea and coffee merchant, was born on 19 January 1819, the youngest child in the family of thirteen children of Samuel Bewley (1764–1837), silk merchant, of Rockville, co. Dublin, and his wife, Elizabeth (1771–1848), daughter of Nehemiah Fayle of Limerick...

Article

See Cadbury, Dame Geraldine Southall

Article

Cadbury, Edward (1873–1948), confectionery manufacturer and industrial and social reformer, was born at 32 George Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 20 March 1873, the eldest son of George Cadbury (1839–1922), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, and his first wife, Mary, née Tylor (1849–1887). He was educated at the ...

Article

See Cadbury, Edward

Image

George Cadbury (1839–1922) by Francis Dodd, c. 1920–22 by kind permission of Cadbury Trebor Bassett

Article

Cadbury, George (1839–1922), confectionery manufacturer and social reformer, was born at Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 19 September 1839, the third son and fourth child of John Cadbury (1801–1889), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, and his wife, Candia (1805–1855), daughter of George Barrow, merchant and shipowner, of ...

Article

H. M. Davies

Reviser Christine Clark

Cadbury, John (1801–1889), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, was born on 12 August 1801, at 92 Bull Street, Birmingham, into a family of four generations of Quakers, the fifth child and third son in the family of five sons and five daughters of Richard Tapper Cadbury (1768–1860)...

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Laurence John Cadbury (1889–1982) by Elliott & Fry, 1949 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cadbury, Laurence John (1889–1982), chocolate and food manufacturer, was born at Woodbrook, Northfield, King's Norton, Birmingham, on 30 March 1889, the first son of George Cadbury (1839–1922), chocolate and food manufacturer, and his second wife, Elizabeth Mary, née Taylor (1858–1951) [see Cadbury, Dame Elizabeth Mary...

Article

Carr, Arthur (1855–1947), biscuit manufacturer, was born at Bowerbank, Barton, Westmorland, on 16 August 1855, the younger son of John Carr (1824–1912) and his wife, Harriet Ellis. John Carr's elder brother was Jonathan Dodgson Carr, who in 1831 founded the milling and biscuit making firm of ...

Article

Carr, Jonathan Dodgson (1806–1884), biscuit manufacturer, was born in Stricklandgate, Kendal, on 9 December 1806, the second in a family of four sons and five daughters of Jonathan Carr, a Quaker wholesale grocer and tea dealer of Yorkshire weaving stock, and his wife, ...

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Fleetwood [née Smyth], Hester (d. 1714), compiler of recipes, was one of the seven children of Sir Robert Smyth (c.1594–1669) of Upton, Essex, barrister, and his wife, Judith (c.1605–1653), daughter of Nicholas Walmesley, esquire, of Dunkenhalgh, Lancashire. In 1651 or 1652 she married ...

Article

Fry, Joseph (1728–1787), chocolate manufacturer and typefounder, was born into a devout Quaker family in 1728, the eldest son of John Fry (d. 1775), a shopkeeper of Sutton Benger, Wiltshire. He was educated at a Quaker boarding-school in the north of England...

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Fry, Joseph Storrs (1826–1913), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, was born in Union Street, Bristol, on 6 August 1826, the eldest son of Joseph Fry (1795–1879), cocoa and chocolate manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Ann, daughter of Edward Swaine. Initially educated at home, he went to ...

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Joseph Storrs Fry (1826–1913) by John Beattie Howarth-Loomes Collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Grubb [née Pim], Sarah (1746–1832), miller and benefactor, was born on 11 December 1746 at Mountrath, Queen's county, the eldest of the fifteen children of John Pim (1718–1797), a rich Dublin wool merchant, and his wife, Sarah Clibborn (1724–1812) of Moate Castle, co. Westmeath...

Article

Horniman, Frederick John (1835–1906), tea merchant and founder of the Horniman Museum, London, was born on 8 October 1835 at Bridgwater, Somerset, the fourth of six children of John Horniman (1803–1893) and his wife, Ann, daughter of Thomas Smith of Witney. The first two children and the last died in infancy; young ...

Article

See Horsley, (George) Nicholas Seward