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Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792) by Joseph Wright of Derby, 1789–90 private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arkwright, Sir Richard (1732–1792), inventor of cotton-spinning machinery and cotton manufacturer, was born on 23 December 1732 at Preston, Lancashire, the sixth of the seven children of Thomas Arkwright (1691–1753), a tailor, and his wife, Ellen Hodgkinson (1693–1778). The family was rooted in ...

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See Ashe, John

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Ashe, John (1597–1659), clothier and parliamentarian activist, was born in Westcombe, Somerset, the eldest son of James Ashe (d. 1646), clothier, and his wife, Grace Pitt, daughter of Richard Pitt of Weymouth. He was baptized at Batcombe, in the same county, on 27 October 1597. He married ...

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Copping [Coppin], John (d. 1583), shoemaker and religious radical, is of unknown origins. By 1576 he was living in Bury St Edmunds where, with his companions Elias Thacker, a tailor, and one Tyler, he proved a thorn in the side of the ecclesiastical authorities in the diocese of ...

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(Samuel-)Louis Crommelin (1652–1727) by unknown artist, c. 1690–95 photograph © Ulster Museum. Photograph reproduced with the kind permission of the Trustees of the National Museums & Galleries of Northern Ireland

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Crommelin, (Samuel-)Louis [Samuel-Lewis] (1652–1727), linen manufacturer, was born in May 1652 at Armandcourt, near St Quentin, Picardy, the son of Louis Crommelin and his wife, Mary (Marie), née Mettayer. The Crommelin family had long been landowners and flax growers in the region. Louis Crommelin...

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Dunsford, Martin (1744–1807), serge maker and antiquary, was born on 2 February 1744 in Tiverton, Devon, the eldest son of Martin Dunsford (1711–1763), serge maker, and his wife, Anne Stone (d. 1798). He was taught at home by his father until he was eight, when he was sent to ...

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Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

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Harris, Benjamin Randell (1781–1858), soldier and shoemaker, was born in 1781 in Portsea, Hampshire, and was baptized on 28 October 1781. He was the eldest of the two sons of Robert Harris, a shepherd, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Randell (d. 1788)...

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Ibbetson, Sir Henry, first baronet (1708–1761), cloth merchant, was born in Leeds, the third surviving son of James Ibbetson (1674–1739) and his wife, Elizabeth, the coheir of Dr John Nicholson, York's premier medical practitioner in the late seventeenth century. Ibbetson was a fourth-generation cloth merchant and a member of one of the town's leading merchant dynasties. His father had made a large fortune in exporting ...

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Lekeux, Peter (1648–1723), master weaver, was born in Canterbury, Kent, the third son of John Lekeux, weaver, and Antoine Le Quien. The Lekeux were a well-established family of weavers, who had first gone to Canterbury as Huguenot refugees in the late sixteenth century. ...

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Martin, John (1783–1855), botanist and hand-loom weaver, was born on 17 November 1783 in Tyldesley, Lancashire, the son of a poor shopkeeper and farmer. He lived with his parents, of whom little is known, until about 1802, during which time he received some schooling and began weaving. When he was fifteen he became intensely religious, advocating voluntary poverty. None the less, when his father began losing property to creditors, ...

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D. J. O'Donoghue

Reviser Katherine Mullin

McKowen, James (1814–1889), poet and bleachworks finisher, was born at Lambeg, near Lisburn, co. Antrim, on 11 February 1814, and received an elementary education at a local school. In his youth, he was said to walk regularly from Lambeg to Belfast to go to the theatre. After working in ...

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Milner, William (1662–1740), woollen cloth merchant, was born on 29 November 1662 at Leeds, the third and youngest son of William Milner of Leeds, a merchant. Of dissenting stock, he recalled towards the end of his long life that he had enjoyed a 'pious upbringing' and 'tolerable schole learning'. In the late 1670s and early 1680s he spent five years in the ...

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Moore, Thomas (1700?–1788), hosier and carpet-maker, was born in Dulverton, Somerset. Nothing is known of his family except the existence of a sister, Grace, who married John Norman of Winsford, Somerset, and predeceased her brother leaving two sons, James and William. William...

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A. F. Pollard

Reviser L. A. Clarkson

Mulholland, Andrew (1791–1866), cotton and linen manufacturer, born on 2 February 1791 at Belfast, came of an old Ulster family. He married in 1817 Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas McDonnell of Belfast. His father, Thomas, was in 1819 head of Thomas Mulholland & Co....

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Sabatier, John (1712/13–1780), silk weaver, was baptized Jean Sabatier, the son of Jean Sabatier (d. 1745), a silk weaver. His exact date and place of birth are unknown; the family arrived in England as Huguenot refugees and settled in the district of ...

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Six, James (1730–1793), silk weaver and natural philosopher, was born in Canterbury, Kent, on 30 January 1730, and baptized there in the Walloon church on 26 February. He was the son of James Six (1695–1743) and his wife, Ester, daughter of Louis Ducaufour...

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Skut, John (fl. 1519–1547), tailor, is of unknown origins. It is highly likely that he was trained in London by apprenticeship, but nothing certain can be said of him before 1519–20, when he was named as the queen's tailor in Katherine of Aragon's...