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Appold, John George (1800–1865), fur dyer and engineer, was born on 14 April 1800 at 23 Wilson Street, Finsbury Square, London, the third of seven children of Christian Appold, (1758/9–1834), fur dyer, and his first wife Hannah née Titford (1771/2–1810...

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James Finlayson (1772?–?1852) by unknown artist © reserved

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Finlayson, James (1772?–1852?), engineer and cotton manufacturer, was probably born on 29 August 1772 in the parish of Penicuik, near Edinburgh. Of his early life in Scotland nothing is known, and it is in St Petersburg in Russia at the end of the eighteenth century that he first makes his appearance, as a master machinist at the ...

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Hall, Samuel (bap. 1782, d. 1863), cotton spinner and engineer, was baptized on 17 March 1782 at Basford, Nottinghamshire, the second son of Robert Hall (1754–1827), cotton manufacturer and bleacher, and his wife, Ann. Marshall Hall, the physiologist, was his younger brother. In 1813 ...

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John Heathcoat (1783–1861) by William Holl © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Heathcoat, John (1783–1861), inventor of the bobbin net machine and lace manufacturer, was born at Duffield, near Derby, on 7 August 1783, the son of Francis Heathcote (or Heathcoat), a farmer and grazier, and his wife Elizabeth née Burton. The family moved to ...

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Holden, Sir Isaac, first baronet (1807–1897), inventor of a wool-combing machine, entrepreneur, and politician, was born on 7 May 1807 at Hurlet, near Paisley, the seventh child of Isaac Holden (d. 1826) and his wife, Alice, née Forrest. His father, a native of ...

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Raper, George Frederick (1909–1973), mechanical engineer and inventor of wool textile machinery, was born at 7 Cranbourne Road, Bradford, on 4 April 1909, the son of Arthur Ernest Raper (1870–1948) and his wife, Maggie Maud, née Smith (1878/9–1960). Arthur Raper was chairman and managing director of the long-established woolcombers ...

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Smith, James, of Deanston (1789–1850), textile industrialist and agricultural engineer, was born in Glasgow on 3 January 1789, the son of a Glasgow merchant of a Galloway family, who died two months after his birth. He was brought up by his maternal uncle, ...

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Stringfellow, John (1799–1883), bobbin manufacturer and aeronautical engineer, was born in Attercliffe, near Sheffield, on 6 December 1799, the son of William Stringfellow, cutler, and his wife, Martha. His father was a man of wide scientific interests from whom he inherited a considerable degree of mechanical aptitude and ingenuity....