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Bruce, Sir John Hope, of Kinross [formerly John Hope], seventh baronet (1684?–1766), soldier and politician, was the third son of Sir Thomas Hope, sixth baronet, of Craighall, Fife, and his wife, Anne, the sole heir of Sir William Bruce of Kinross, ...

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Arthur Capel, first Baron Capel of Hadham (1604–1649) by Cornelius Johnson, c. 1640 [The Capel Family] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Capel, Arthur, first Baron Capel of Hadham (1604–1649), royalist army officer and politician, was born on 20 February 1604 at Hadham Hall, Hertfordshire, the only son of Sir Henry Capel (d. 1622) of Hadham Parva and Theodosia, daughter of Sir Edward Montagu...

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Caulfeild, Toby, first Baron Caulfeild of Charlemont (bap. 1565, d. 1627), soldier, politician, and landowner, was baptized on 2 December 1565 at Great Milton, Oxfordshire, a younger son of Alexander Caulfeild. Nothing is known of his early years or education, but from 1590 he pursued a military career, sailing on ...

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Cecil, Edward, Viscount Wimbledon (1572–1638), soldier and politician, was the third son of Sir Thomas Cecil (1542–1623), created earl of Exeter in May 1605, and Dorothy (1546?–1609), daughter and coheir of John Neville, fourth and last Baron Latimer. He was born on 29 February 1572 at ...

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Cromwell, Henry (1628–1674), soldier, politician, and lord lieutenant of Ireland, was born on 20 January 1628 at Huntingdon and baptized there at All Saints' Church on 29 January, the fifth of nine children and fourth among the five sons of Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658)...

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Henry Cromwell (1628–1674) by Christiaan Janszoon Dusart unknown collection; photograph Sotheby's Picture Library, London / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robert Devereux, second earl of Essex (1565–1601) by Marcus Gheeraerts the younger, c. 1597 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Devereux, Robert, second earl of Essex (1565–1601), soldier and politician, was born on 10 November 1565. He was the elder son and heir of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex (1539–1576). Through his mother, Lettice (1543–1634), he was a member of Elizabeth I's...

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Fraser, Sir Hugh Charles Patrick Joseph (1918–1984), soldier and politician, was born on 23 January 1918 in Westminster, the third of five children and younger son of Simon Joseph Fraser (1871–1933), soldier, the fourteenth (sometimes reckoned sixteenth) Lord Lovat, of Beaufort Castle, Beauly, Inverness-shire...

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Goodere, Sir Henry (1534–1595), member of parliament and soldier, was the eldest son of Francis Goodere (d. 1546), gentleman, of Polesworth, Warwickshire, and Ursula, daughter of Ralph Rowlett. He married Frances, daughter of Hugh Lowther of Lowther, Westmorland, and had two daughters, ...

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Hamilton, James, sixth earl of Abercorn (c. 1661–1734), soldier and politician, was the eldest son of James Hamilton (d. 1673) and Elizabeth (c.1637–1709), daughter of John Colepeper, Baron Colepeper (bap. 1600, d. 1660); his grandfather was Sir George Hamilton (d. 1679)...

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See Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke

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Howard, John, first duke of Norfolk (d. 1485), soldier and member of parliament, was the only son and heir of Robert Howard (d. 1436) and Margaret (d. 1459), daughter of Thomas (I) Mowbray, first duke of Norfolk (d. 1399), and eventual coheir of ...

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Hutchinson, Christopher [Kit] Hely- (1767–1826), soldier and politician, the fifth son of John Hely-Hutchinson (1724–1794), politician and provost of Trinity College, Dublin, and Christiana Nikson (bap. 1732, d. 1788) of Munny, co. Wicklow, was born in Ireland on 5 April 1767. John Hely-Hutchinson, ...

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Jephson, William (1609/10–1658), politician and soldier, was the son and heir of Sir John Jephson (d. 1638) of Froyle, Hampshire, and Elizabeth Norreys, daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Norreys of Mallow Castle, co. Cork. Raised in Hampshire, but with estates in ...

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Kirkcaldy, Sir William, of Grange (c. 1520–1573), soldier and politician, was the eldest son of Sir James Kirkcaldy (d. 1556) and Janet Melville, daughter of Sir John Melville of Raith. He was listed with his father, then treasurer of Scotland, following James V's...

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Knyvet, Sir Henry (1537?–1598), soldier and member of parliament, was the first son of Sir Henry Knyvet (d. 1546?) and his wife, Anne, daughter of Sir Christopher Pickering. In 1563 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Stumpe of Charlton, near ...

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John Lambert (bap. 1619, d. 1684) after Robert Walker, c. 1650–55 private collection

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Lambert [Lambart], John (bap. 1619, d. 1684), parliamentary soldier and politician, was baptized on 7 September 1619 at Kirkby Malhamdale, near his home at Calton, Yorkshire. Lambert (who sometimes spelled his name Lambart) was possibly the younger son from Josias Lambert's second marriage, to ...