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Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer, Gottlieb Bader, and his wife, Barbara Meier. He was expelled from school at the age of twelve and went to work as a menial in a ...

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Edward Allen Brotherton, Baron Brotherton (1856–1930) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brotherton, Edward Allen, Baron Brotherton (1856–1930), chemical manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 1 April 1856 at 2 Tiverton Place, Ardwick Green, Manchester, the eldest of three children of Theophilus Brotherton, a yarn agent, and his wife, Sarah, née O'Donnell. His relatives included the educational reformer ...

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Thomas Holloway (1800–1883) by William Scott, 1845 Archives, Royal Holloway, University of London (RHC PH/281/4/3)

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Holloway, Thomas (1800–1883), manufacturer of patent medicines and philanthropist, was born on 22 September 1800 at Devonport, the eldest of six children and elder of two sons of Thomas Holloway (d. 1836), a baker formerly in the Royal Navy, and his wife, ...

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William Hesketh Lever, first Viscount Leverhulme (1851–1925) by William Strang, 1918 University of Liverpool Art Gallery and Collections

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Lever, William Hesketh, first Viscount Leverhulme (1851–1925), soap manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 19 September 1851, at 16 Wood Street, Bolton, seventh child and elder son of James Lever (1809–1897), wholesale and retail grocer, and his wife, Eliza, daughter of William Hesketh...

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Reckitt, Albert Leopold (1877–1947), chemical manufacturer and benefactor, was born at Dulwich Wood Park, Upper Norwood, London, on 24 May 1877, the son of George Reckitt (1825–1900), manager of the London office of Reckitt & Sons Ltd, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Jackson (1836–1923)...

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White, John Campbell, Baron Overtoun (1843–1908), philanthropist and chemical manufacturer, was born at Hayfield, near Rutherglen, on 21 November 1843, the middle child of seven and only son of James White (1812–1884) and his wife, Fanny Campbell (d. 1891). James White had trained as a lawyer before entering the family firm of ...