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Dowty, Sir George Herbert (1901–1975), aeronautical engineer and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1901 at Pershore, Worcestershire, the son of William Dowty, a druggist and chemist in Pershore, and his wife, Laura Masters. He was the elder of twin boys by half an hour and the seventh son in the family. The twins were educated in a small private school in ...

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Sir George Herbert Dowty (1901–1975) by unknown photographer Royal Aeronautical Society Library

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Edwards, Sir George Robert (1908–2003), aircraft designer and industrialist, was born on 9 July 1908 at 12 The Parade, Highams Park, Walthamstow, Essex, the son of Edwin George Edwards (1872–1938), a tobacconist and confectioner, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth (1872–1908), daughter of Robert Freeman...

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Sir George Robert Edwards (1908–2003) by Godfrey Argent © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hives, Ernest Walter, first Baron Hives (1886–1965), aero-engine designer and industrialist, was born on 21 April 1886 at 20 Cholmeley Road, Earley, Reading, the twelfth child of John William Hives, a factory clerk, of Reading, and his wife, Mary Washbourne. He was educated at ...

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Kenneth Alexander Keith, Baron Keith of Castleacre (1916–2004) by Brian Griffin, 1977 © Brian Griffin; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Keith, Kenneth Alexander, Baron Keith of Castleacre (1916–2004), merchant banker and industrialist, was born on 30 August 1916 at the Wicken House, Castle Acre, Norfolk, the elder of the two sons of Edward Charles Keith (1877–1972), farmer and natural history author, and his wife, ...

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Lygo, Sir Raymond Derek (1924–2012), naval officer and industrialist, was born on 15 March 1924 at 41 Richmond Road, Ilford, Essex, the second son of Edwin Thomas Lygo (1884–1962), newspaper compositor, and his wife, Ada Emily, née Cushing (1889–1973). Educated at Ilford county high school...

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Marshall, Sir Arthur Gregory George (1903–2007), aviator, pilot instructor, and industrialist, was born at Gregory Villa, De Freville Avenue, Chesterton, Cambridge, on 4 December 1903, the eldest of the eight children of David Gregory Marshall (1873–1942), college servant, later steward of the Pitt Club, Cambridge...

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Sir Arthur Gregory George Marshall (1903–2007) by unknown photographer [far right] Marshall of Cambridge

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Sir Peter Gordon Masefield (1914–2006) by J. Russell & Sons Royal Aeronautical Society (National Aerospace Library)

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Masefield, Sir Peter Gordon (1914–2006), aeronautical engineer, journalist, and industrialist, was born at Tolima, Albert Road, Trentham, Staffordshire, on 19 March 1914, the son of William Gordon Masefield (1885–1974), a doctor specializing in mental health, and his wife, Marian Ada (1885–1976), daughter of ...

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Sadler, (William) Windham (1796–1824), balloonist and gas engineer, was born on 17 October 1796 at 10 Stafford Row, Pimlico, London, the fourth, but second surviving, son of James Sadler (bap. 1753, d. 1828), first English-born aeronaut, and his second wife, Martha Hancock. William...

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Stringfellow, John (1799–1883), bobbin manufacturer and aeronautical engineer, was born in Attercliffe, near Sheffield, on 6 December 1799, the son of William Stringfellow, cutler, and his wife, Martha. His father was a man of wide scientific interests from whom he inherited a considerable degree of mechanical aptitude and ingenuity....

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Tata, Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy (1904–1993), aviator, industrialist, and philanthropist, was born in Paris on 29 July 1904, the second of five children of the Parsi industrialist Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (1856–1926) and his French wife, Suzanne, née Brière (1880–1923), who, upon marriage, was given by her husband the Parsi name ...