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Baker, Thomas Barwick Lloyd (1807–1886), promoter of reformatory schools, was born at the family seat, Hardwicke Court, the only son of Thomas John Lloyd Baker and his wife, Mary, daughter of William Sharp of Fulham. Like his father, Baker went to Eton College...

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Brise, Sir Evelyn John Ruggles- (1857–1935), prison administrator and founder of the Borstal system, was born on 6 December 1857 at Spains Hall, Finchingfield, Essex, the second son of Sir Samuel Brise Ruggles-Brise (1825–1899) and his wife, Marianne Weyland, fourth daughter of Sir Edward Bowyer Smith, ...

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Bryant [née Broad], Mary (b. 1765), convict, was born in April 1765 in the town of Fowey, Cornwall, the second of the four children of William Broad, a master mariner, and his wife, Grace. In 1785, for reasons that remain unclear, although it is on record that times were particularly hard, she became a highwaywoman, and in January 1786 she was captured after holding up a woman from whom she stole jewellery worth ...

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See Campbell, Robert

Image

Margaret Catchpole (1762–1819) by Richard Cobbold, pubd 1845 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

M. G. Watkins

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Catchpole, Margaret (1762–1819), convict and author, was born on 14 March 1762, perhaps at Nacton, Suffolk, the illegitimate daughter of Elizabeth Catchpole and a farm labourer employed by a celebrated breeder of Suffolk carthorses. When Margaret was thirteen years of age the farmer's wife was suddenly seized with illness; ...

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Clay, John (1796–1858), prison chaplain, was born in Liverpool on 10 May 1796, the fifth son of Thomas Clay (d. 1821), ship- and anchorsmith, and his wife, Mary Lowe. He was a sickly child and was seen by the family as having learning difficulties. He was sent to ...

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Crofton, Sir Walter Frederick (1815–1897), prison administrator and penal reformer, was born at Courtrai, Flanders, on 27 February 1815, the second son in the family of two sons and two daughters of Walter Crofton (1784-1815) and his wife Harriet née Wauchope (1782/3-1836). His father, a captain in the ...

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Du Cane, Sir Edmund Frederick (1830–1903), prison administrator and army officer, born at Colchester on 23 March 1830, was the youngest of the four sons and two daughters of Major Richard Du Cane (1788–1832), and Eliza (1791–1870), daughter of Thomas Ware of Woodfort, Mallow, co. Cork, Ireland...

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Eden, William, first Baron Auckland (1744–1814), penal reformer and diplomatist, was born on 3 April 1744, the third son of Sir Robert Eden, third baronet (d. 1755), landowner, of Windlestone Hall, West Auckland, co. Durham, and Mary (d. 1794), daughter of ...

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William Eden, first Baron Auckland (1744–1814) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1792 Christ Church, Oxford

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Fitzgerald, James fitz Gerald, fifteenth earl of Desmond [called the Queen's Earl, the Tower Earl] (c. 1570–1601), nobleman and prisoner, was the son and heir of Gerald fitz James Fitzgerald, fourteenth earl of Desmond (d. 1583), and his second wife, Eleanor Butler (...

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Fitzpatrick, Sir Jeremiah (c. 1740–1810), physician and campaigner for prison reform, was born in Kilbeggan, co. Westmeath. His background and early years are shrouded in obscurity, but circumstantial evidence points to the conclusion that his parents, of whom nothing is known, were Catholic and that they were comfortably off. He received a medical education abroad and though his graduating institution has not been identified ...

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Sir Jeremiah Fitzpatrick (c. 1740–1810) by William Barnard (after Samuel Drummond, 1801) by courtesy of the National Gallery of Ireland

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Fraser, Catherine (1786–1868), penal reformer, was born on 26 June 1786 at the High Street, Wapping, the only surviving child of James Fraser (1749–1825), merchant, and his wife, Ann, née Thatcher. James Fraser had premises in Wapping and later became a biscuit baker. In August 1794 ...

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Goodcole, Henry (bap. 1586, d. 1641), prison visitor and author, was baptized at St James's, Clerkenwell, on 23 May 1586, the eighth or ninth child (he was a twin) of eleven children of James Goodcole (d. 1597) and his second wife, Joan Duncombe...

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Griffiths, Arthur George Frederick (1838–1908), inspector of prisons and author, was born on 9 December 1838 at Poona, India, the second son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Griffiths of the 6th Royal Warwickshire regiment. He was educated at King William's College, Isle of Man, and entered the ...

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Harris, Alexander (fl. 1619–1621), prison warden, of whose personal circumstances very little is known, and whose origins are unknown, did not attend university or any of the inns of court. He is known entirely as a result of the complaints made against him by a number of prisoners to the ...

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See Hill, Rosamond Davenport

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Jebb, Sir Joshua (1793–1863), prison administrator, was born in Chesterfield on 8 May 1793, the eldest son of Joshua Jebb (1769–1845) of Walton, Derbyshire, and his wife, Dorothy, the daughter of General Henry Gladwin of Stubbing Court, Derbyshire. Destined for a military career, he attended the ...