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Devon, James (1866–1939), prison medical officer and criminologist, was born on 25 October 1866 at 18 James Street, Calton, Glasgow, the son of John Devon, a journeyman iron-moulder, and his wife, Margaret, née Arthur. His family was poor working class—his mother signed his birth certificate with a cross—and he left school aged eleven. ...

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Sir Jeremiah Fitzpatrick (c. 1740–1810) by William Barnard (after Samuel Drummond, 1801) by courtesy of the National Gallery of Ireland

Article

Fitzpatrick, Sir Jeremiah (c. 1740–1810), physician and campaigner for prison reform, was born in Kilbeggan, co. Westmeath. His background and early years are shrouded in obscurity, but circumstantial evidence points to the conclusion that his parents, of whom nothing is known, were Catholic and that they were comfortably off. He received a medical education abroad and though his graduating institution has not been identified ...

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Gordon, Mary Louisa (1861–1941), physician and prison inspector, was born on 15 August 1861 at Seaforth in Lancashire, the daughter of James Gordon (1809/10-1894), hide and tallow broker, and his wife, Mary Emily, néeCarter (1831/2-1915). The Gordons had lived for generations in the ...

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Redfern, William (1774/5?–1833), convict surgeon and pastoralist in Australia, had relatives in Londonderry, Wiltshire, and possibly Canada, but details are unknown. He acquired the diploma of the London Company of Surgeons in January 1797 and immediately joined HMS Standard as surgeon's first mate. Later that year he provided medical care and probably moral support to the mutineers at the ...

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D'A. Power

revised by Michael Bevan

Reid, Thomas (1791–1825), naval surgeon and prison reformer, was born at Eglish, near Dungannon, co. Tyrone, the third of five sons of Thomas Reid, a farmer at Cadian, who was convicted in July 1798 for involvement with the United Irishmen. His parents were of Scottish Presbyterian descent and he was given a classical education by a Presbyterian minister at ...

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Thomson [née Hunter], Margaret Henderson (1902–1982), physician and prisoner of war, was born on 20 August 1902 at 30 Lomond Road, Trinity, Leith, Scotland, one of the six children and the third of the four daughters of George Alexander Hunter (1861–1939), a bank secretary and solicitor of ...