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Alexandrowicz, Charles Henry (1902–1975), international lawyer and historian, was born Karol Aleksandrowicz on 13 October 1902 in Lemberg (Lviv or Lwów) in the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia, the son of Franciszek Aleksandrowicz (1856–1927), a major-general in the Austro-Hungarian (and after ...

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Allen, Sir Carleton Kemp (1887–1966), jurist and warden of Rhodes House, was born on 7 September 1887 in Carlton, Melbourne, the youngest of the three sons of the Revd William Allen, nonconformist minister, whose own father, a civil engineer, had emigrated from England...

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Sir Carleton Kemp Allen (1887–1966) by Walter Stoneman, 1945 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrew Amos (1791–1860) by James Henry Lynch (after Samuel Laurence) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Amos, Andrew (1791–1860), jurist, was born on 15 July 1791 in Calcutta, the youngest son of James Amos, a wealthy merchant in the service of the East India Company, and Cornelia Francina Bonté, daughter of General Bonté, a Swiss officer in the Dutch service. The ...

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Amos, Sheldon (1835–1886), jurist, was born on 1 June 1835 at St Ibbs, Hitchin, Hertfordshire, the fourth and youngest son of Professor Andrew Amos (1791–1860) and his wife, Margaret née Lax, daughter of the Revd William Lax FRS, an astronomer. He was one of the distinguished jurists in his family who spanned three generations—his father, himself, and his son. When ...

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Anderson, Sir (James) Norman Dalrymple (1908–1994), missionary, jurist, and writer on religion, was born on 29 September 1908 at Aldeburgh, Suffolk, the second son and last of the four children of William Dalrymple Anderson (d. 1946), grain merchant, and his wife, Lilian Maud, ...

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Edward Dowden

revised by Catherine Pease-Watkin

Anster, John (1793–1867), jurist and poet, was born in Charleville, co. Cork, the son of John Anster. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, in 1810, and obtained a scholarship in 1814. In Easter term 1824 Anster was called to the Irish bar; in the following year he took the degree of doctor of laws. In 1832 he married ...

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Armitage, Sir Arthur Llewellyn (1916–1984), jurist and university administrator, was born on 1 August 1916 at Town Gate, Marsden, Yorkshire, the elder son of Kenyon Armitage (d. 1972), master draper of Oldham, and his wife, Lucy Amelia Beaumont (d. 1968). He attended ...

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Barclay, Thomas (c. 1570–1632), jurist, was born in Aberdeen of unknown parents. He was sent to Bordeaux in the 1580s to study the Latin and Greek humanities and philosophy at the municipal Collège de Guyenne. This was one of the leading schools in ...

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Bayne, Alexander, of Rires (c. 1684–1737), advocate and jurist, was the eldest son of John Bayne of Logie (d. in or before 1700), sheriff-clerk of Fife, and his wife, Cecilia Gibson (fl. 1670–1705), daughter of John Gibson of Durie and Elizabeth...

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W. G. Blaikie

revised by John W. Cairns

Bell, Alexander Montgomerie (1808–1866), jurist, was born in Paisley on 4 December 1808, the son of John Bell (1775–1835), manufacturer, and his wife, Elliott Montgomerie (1775–1841). He studied at Paisley grammar school before matriculating at the University of Glasgow in 1822. From 1827 to 1831 he studied law at the ...

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George Joseph Bell (1770–1843) by Sir Henry Raeburn, 1816 in the collection of the Faculty of Advocates; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Bell, George Joseph (1770–1843), jurist and legal writer, was born on 26 March 1770 at Fountainbridge near Edinburgh, the third of the four sons of Revd William Bell (1704–1779), a Scottish Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice. His eldest brother, Robert Bell...

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Bell, Robert (c. 1760–1816), lawyer and jurist, was born in Edinburgh, the eldest of the six children of the Revd William Bell (1704–1779), Scottish Episcopal minister in Edinburgh, and Margaret Morrice, his second wife. Little is known of Bell's early life or schooling, though surviving correspondence of relatives indicates that the family lived in straitened circumstances, especially after the death of ...

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Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832), philosopher, jurist, and reformer, was born on 4 February 1748 in Church Lane, Houndsditch, London, the eldest of the seven children of Jeremiah Bentham (1712–1792), attorney, and Alicia Woodward Whitehorne (d. 1759), the eldest daughter of Thomas Grove, a mercer of ...

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Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832) by Henry William Pickersgill, 1829 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bernard, Mountague (1820–1882), jurist and international lawyer, was descended from a Huguenot family which left France after the revocation of the edict of Nantes and who for several generations owned land at Montego Bay in Jamaica. He was the third son of Charles Bernard...

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Mountague Bernard (1820–1882) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bowett, Sir Derek William (1927–2009), jurist and college head, was born on 20 April 1927 at Denison House maternity home, Victoria Park, Rusholme, near Manchester, the son of Arnold William Bowett (1900–1961), a commercial traveller, and his first wife, Marion, née Wood (1898/9–1948)...