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Archdale, Helen Elizabeth [Betty] (1907–2000), feminist, cricketer, and educationist, was born at 59 Oxford Terrace, Bayswater, London, on 21 August 1907, the only daughter of the Scottish feminist and journalist Helen Alexander Archdale, née Russel (1876–1949), and her husband, ...

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Bailey, Derrick Sherwin (1910–1984), Church of England priest and sexual ethicist, was born at Moors, Alcester, Warwickshire, on 30 June 1910, the son of William Thomas Bailey, railway signalman, and his wife, Ellen Mary, née Taylor. He was educated at Alcester grammar school...

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Birks, Peter Brian Herrenden (1941–2004), jurist, was born on 3 October 1941 at Green Hedges, Westmeston, Lewes, Sussex, the eldest son of Peter Herrenden Birks, a medical practitioner and captain in the Royal Army Medical Corps, and his wife, (Maud) Mary, née Morgan...

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Cohen, Stanley [Stan] (1942–2013), sociologist and criminologist, was born on 23 February 1942 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the eldest son of Ray Cohen, a businessman who had arrived from Lithuania in the wave of immigration in the 1920s and 1930s, and his wife, ...

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Devon, James (1866–1939), prison medical officer and criminologist, was born on 25 October 1866 at 18 James Street, Calton, Glasgow, the son of John Devon, a journeyman iron-moulder, and his wife, Margaret, née Arthur. His family was poor working class—his mother signed his birth certificate with a cross—and he left school aged eleven. ...

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East, Sir (William) Norwood (1872–1953), forensic psychiatrist and criminologist, was born in London on 24 December 1872, the tenth of twelve children of William Quartermaine East and his wife, Charlotte Isabella Bateman. His father was proprietor of the Queen's Hotel, St Martin's-le-Grand, one time sheriff of ...

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Fox, Sir Lionel Wray (1895–1961), civil servant and penologist, was born on 21 February 1895 in Halifax, the son of Samuel Fox, boilermakers' draughtsman, and his wife, Minnie Wray. He was educated at Heath grammar school, Halifax, and Hertford College, Oxford, but joined the army on the outbreak of war in 1914. He served with the ...

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Grünhut, Max (1893–1964), criminologist, was born on 7 July 1893 in Magdeburg, Germany, the son of Leo Grünhut and his wife, Betty Eppstein. His father was professor and chief analytical chemist at the German research institute founded in Munich during the First World War. After attending the ...

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H. G. Hanbury

revised by David Ibbetson

Holdsworth, Sir William Searle (1871–1944), legal historian, was born at Beckenham, Kent, on 7 May 1871, the eldest son of Charles Joseph Holdsworth, solicitor, and his wife, Ellen Caroline Searle, whose descent could be traced back to Oliver Cromwell. He was educated at ...

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Sir William Searle Holdsworth (1871–1944) by Walter Stoneman, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ives, George Cecil (1867–1950), criminologist and campaigner for homosexual law reform, was born in Germany on 1 October 1867 and baptized simply George Cecil at Holy Trinity Church, Chelsea, London, on 15 December 1867. He was the illegitimate son of Gordon Maynard Ives (from 1897 Gordon-Ives; 1837–1907)...

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Jardine, David (1794–1860), magistrate and legal historian, was born at Pickwick, Wiltshire, the eldest of the three children of David Jardine (1766–1797), minister at the Trim Street Unitarian Chapel, Bath, and his wife, the daughter of George Webster of Hampstead. He matriculated at the ...

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Jesse [married name Harwood], Wynifried Margaret [Fryniwyd] [pseud. F. Tennyson Jesse] (1888–1958), writer and criminologist, was born Wynifried Margaret Jesse on 1 March 1888 at Holly Bowers, Chislehurst, Kent, second of three daughters of the Revd Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt Jesse (1853–1927)...

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Kingsmill, Joseph (1805/6–1865), penologist and prison chaplain, was born in co. Kilkenny, Ireland, the son of Thomas Kingsmill. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, in 1826, was prizeman in classics and divinity, and proceeded to his BA in 1831 and MA in 1836. He was ordained deacon in 1831 by the bishop of ...

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Frederic William Maitland (1850–1906) by Beatrice Lock, 1906 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Maitland, Frederic William (1850–1906), legal historian, was born on 28 May 1850 at 53 Guilford Street, London, the only son of John Gorham Maitland (1818–1863), civil servant, and Emma, daughter of John Frederic Daniell FRS (1790–1845). He had two sisters: the birth of the younger in 1851 was followed by the death of their mother. Her sister ...

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Mannheim, Hermann (1889–1974), criminologist, was born in the Baltic seaport of Libau, Latvia, on 26 October 1889, the only child of Wilhelm Mannheim and his wife, Clara Marcuse. He came from a well-to-do background: his father represented a German firm in Libau, where he was also vice-president of the ...

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Morrison, William Douglas (1852–1943), criminologist and prison chaplain, was born at Kirriemuir, Forfarshire, on 15 May 1852, the son of Robert Southmuir Morrison, a merchant, and Ann Donald-William. Educated at nearby Trinity College, Glenalmond, he was ordained deacon in 1877 and priest in 1878 by the bishop of ...

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Pappworth [formerly Papperovitch], Maurice Henry (1910–1994), medical ethicist and educationist, was born on 9 January 1910 at 27 Pleasant Street, Liverpool, the second child in the family of three sons and six daughters of (Isaac) Jacob Papperovitch (d. 1960), master tailor, who changed his name to ...

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Plucknett, Theodore Frank Thomas (1897–1965), legal historian, was born on 2 January 1897 in Bristol, the only son of Frank Plucknett, boot stock keeper, who became a shoemaking technologist and taught and wrote books on that subject, and of his wife, Caroline Thomas...