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Charles Abbott, first Baron Tenterden (1762–1832) by Samuel William Reynolds senior, 1820 (after William Owen, exh. RA 1819) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abbott, Charles, first Baron Tenterden (1762–1832), judge, was born in Canterbury on 7 October 1762, the second son of John Abbott (d. 1785), a hairdresser, with a shop opposite the western portal of the cathedral, and his wife, Alice, née Bunce (...

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A'Beckett, Sir William (1806–1869), judge, was born on 28 July 1806 in London, the eldest son of William A'Beckett (1777–1855), solicitor, and his wife, Sarah, née Abbott. After attending Westminster School and serving articles with his father, he determined on the bar and was called at ...

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Ackner, Desmond James Conrad, Baron Ackner (1920–2006), judge, was born at 90 Highbury New Park, Islington, London, on 18 September 1920, the son of an immigrant Viennese dentist, Conrad Ackner, who had a fashionable practice in Wimpole Street, and his wife, (Rosine) Rhoda, née Tuck...

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W. O. Hart

revised by Alec Samuels

Acton, Sir Edward (1865–1945), judge, was born at Stretford in Lancashire on 6 November 1865, the son of Henry Morell Acton (1828–1907) [see under Acton, Henry], one of the editors of the Manchester Guardian, and his wife, Anne Shaw, daughter of ...

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Aland, John Fortescue, first Baron Fortescue of Credan (1670–1746), judge, was born on 7 March 1670, the second son of Edmund Fortescue of Bierton, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Sarah, daughter (and ultimately heir) of Henry Aland of Waterford. On his father's side he was a descendant of ...

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John Fortescue Aland, first Baron Fortescue of Credan (1670–1746) by John Faber junior, 1733 (after Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1720) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alderson, Sir Edward Hall (bap. 1787, d. 1857), law reporter and judge, was baptized on 10 September 1787 at Great Yarmouth Presbyterian Old Meeting Chapel, the eldest son of Robert Alderson (d. 1833), barrister and recorder of Norwich, and his first wife, ...

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Altham, Sir James (c. 1555–1617), judge, was the third son of James Altham (1525?–1583), a prosperous London merchant, and his first wife, Elizabeth, the sister of Sir Thomas Blank, lord mayor of London in 1582. His mother died in 1558; his father then married the formidable widow of ...

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Amos, Sir (Percy) Maurice Maclardie Sheldon (1872–1940), judge, was born at East Street, Gray's Inn Road, London, on 15 June 1872, the eldest child and only son of Sheldon Amos (1835–1886) and his wife, Sarah Maclardie Amos (1840/41–1908), daughter of Thomas Percival Bunting...

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Amphlett, Sir Richard Paul (1809–1883), judge, was born in Shropshire on 24 May 1809, the eldest son of the Revd Richard Holmden Amphlett (d. 1842) and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Nathaniel Paul of Bloomsbury Square, London. His father was rector, lord of the manor, and owner of ...

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Sir Edmund Anderson (1530?–1605) by unknown artist, 1590s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Sir Edmund (1530?–1605), judge, was born at Flixborough, Lincolnshire, the third son of Edward Anderson, landowner, and his wife, Joan Clayton. He was descended from Northumberland gentry but the family migrated to Lincolnshire before he was born. Anderson is said to have spent a brief period at ...

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Archer, Sir John (1598–1682), judge, was son and heir of Henry Archer (d. 1615), a landowner of Coopersale, Theydon Garnon, Essex, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of Simon Crouch, a well-connected London citizen. John matriculated as a pensioner from Queens' College, Cambridge...

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Richard Pepper Arden, first Baron Alvanley (1744–1804) after George Romney, 1791–5 © Chester City Council (Grosvenor Museum)

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Arden, Richard Pepper, first Baron Alvanley (1744–1804), judge, was born on 20 May 1744 at Bredbury, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, the second son of John Arden of Harden Hall and his wife, Mary, daughter of Cuthbert Pepper of Pepper Hall, near ...

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Argyle, Michael Victor (1915–1999), judge, was born on 31 August 1915 at The Homestead, Elford, near Lichfield, Staffordshire, the son of Harold Victor Argyle (b. 1887), solicitor, and his first wife, Elsie Marion, daughter of John Hartland Richards, of Tamworth, Staffordshire. His paternal grandfather, ...

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Pelham Edgar

revised by James G. Snell

Armour, John Douglas (1830–1903), judge in Canada, was born on 4 May 1830, at Cavan, near Peterborough, Ontario, the youngest son of Samuel Armour, Anglican rector of Cavan, and his wife, Margaret Douglas. His father, of Irish origin, graduated MA from Glasgow University...

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Arnould, Sir Joseph (1813–1886), judge in India and writer, was born at Camberwell, Surrey, on 12 November 1813, the eldest son of Joseph Arnould MD (1786/7–1859) and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Baily. Joseph Arnould senior owned White Cross, near Wallingford in ...

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Ashe, Samuel (1725–1813), politician and judge in the United States of America, was born near Bath, Beaufort county, North Carolina, the son of John Baptista Ashe (d. 1734), a native of Wiltshire and a lawyer, and Elizabeth Swann (d. 1729). At the time of ...