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Sir Thomas Andrewes (d. 1659) by unknown artist private collection

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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Armstrong, Sir Thomas (bap. 1633, d. 1684), army officer and conspirator, was baptized on 27 December 1633 at St Stephen's protestant church, Nijmegen, the son of Thomas Armstrong (d. 1662), army officer, and his wife, Anne, née Anderson. A coronet of horse at ...

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Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a parliamentarian army officer, though from the royalist family of Ashton of ...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Francis Atterbury (1663–1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1718 Christ Church, Oxford

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Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 26 May 1622 at Great Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, probably the son of William Axtell (d. 1638), chief burgess of the town, and his wife, Dorothy Symons (d. 1629)...

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James Barry, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748) attrib. John Riley private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Berkenhead, William (bap. 1648, d. 1701), Jacobite spy, was apparently born at Northwich in Cheshire and baptized there in Witton Chapel on 3 April 1648. His parents were Randolph Berkenhead, the earl of Derby's bailiff in Northwich, and his wife, Elizabeth Harcourt, one of the ...

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Blakiston, John (bap. 1603, d. 1649), politician and regicide, was baptized on 21 August 1603 at Sedgefield in co. Durham, the third son of Marmaduke Blakiston (1565–1639) and Margaret James (1575–1636). He was apprenticed to Christopher Shafto of Newcastle upon Tyne, probably in 1613, and became a free burgess, as a mercer, in 1627. Later, royalists described him as either a pedlar, butcher, chandler, or shopkeeper, but such disparaging comments cannot detract from the fact that by 1632 he was one of ...

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Blount, Sir Christopher (1555/6–1601), soldier and conspirator, was the second son of Thomas Blount (b. before 1523, d. 1568) of Kidderminster, Worcestershire. Blount's early life was profoundly shaped by two key influences: devout Catholicism (especially on the part of his mother, Margery, ...

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Boucher [Bouchier], George (d. 1643), royalist conspirator, was probably related—perhaps as a son—to Nathaniel Boucher, a Bristol merchant who was warden (1621) and treasurer (1625) of the Bristol Society of Merchant Venturers, and sheriff of the city in 1624. Little is known of ...

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Boyle, Charles, fourth earl of Orrery (1674–1731), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Little Chelsea near Kensington, Middlesex, on 28 July 1674, not 1676 as stated in the Dictionary of National Biography, and was baptized on 1 August at St Mary's, Kensington...

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John Bradshaw, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bradshaw, John, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659), lawyer, politician, and regicide, was born at Wibersley, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, and baptized on 10 December 1602 at St Mary's, Stockport, the second surviving son of Henry Bradshaw (d. 1654) of ...

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Brodrick, Sir Alan (1623–1680), royalist conspirator and politician, was born on 28 July 1623, the eldest of the ten children of Sir Thomas Brodrick (d. 1642), military administrator, and his wife, Katherine (d. 1678), daughter of Robert Nicholas of Manningford Bruce, Wiltshire...

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Brooke, George (1568–1603), conspirator, the youngest son of William Brooke, tenth Baron Cobham (1527–1597), and his wife, the courtier Frances, née Newton (d. 1592) [see Brooke, Frances, Lady Cobham], was born on the morning of 17 April 1568 at Cobham Hall, Kent...

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Brooke, Henry, eleventh Baron Cobham (1564–1619), conspirator, was born on 22 November 1564 at Cobham Hall, Kent. The second son of William Brooke, tenth Baron Cobham (1527–1597), and his second wife, Frances Newton (d. 1592), he was the godson of Henry Hastings, ...

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...