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Allen, Francis (c. 1583–1658), politician and regicide, was probably born in London, though nothing is as yet known of his early life or parentage. He first appears in the mid-1630s as a liveryman of the Goldsmiths' Company living on Fleet Street. He was one of those goldsmiths living in 'remote' places who opposed attempts to force them back into the ...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Francis Atterbury (1663–1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1718 Christ Church, Oxford

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James Barry, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748) attrib. John Riley private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Blagrave, Daniel (bap. 1603, d. 1668?), politician and regicide, was baptized on 20 November 1603 at St Mary's, Reading, the fifth son of Alexander Blagrave (d. 1612), a clothier of Southcote Lodge, Berkshire, and his wife, Margaret. A nephew of the mathematician ...

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Blakiston, John (bap. 1603, d. 1649), politician and regicide, was baptized on 21 August 1603 at Sedgefield in co. Durham, the third son of Marmaduke Blakiston (1565–1639) and Margaret James (1575–1636). He was apprenticed to Christopher Shafto of Newcastle upon Tyne, probably in 1613, and became a free burgess, as a mercer, in 1627. Later, royalists described him as either a pedlar, butcher, chandler, or shopkeeper, but such disparaging comments cannot detract from the fact that by 1632 he was one of ...

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Bourchier, Sir John (c. 1595–1660), politician and regicide, was the second but eldest surviving son of William Bourchier (1559–c.1631) of Beningborough, and his wife, Katherine (c.1565–1623), daughter of Sir Thomas Barrington of Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex. He was descended from a family of Norman extraction, a branch of which had settled in ...

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Boyle, Charles, fourth earl of Orrery (1674–1731), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Little Chelsea near Kensington, Middlesex, on 28 July 1674, not 1676 as stated in the Dictionary of National Biography, and was baptized on 1 August at St Mary's, Kensington...

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John Bradshaw, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bradshaw, John, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659), lawyer, politician, and regicide, was born at Wibersley, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, and baptized on 10 December 1602 at St Mary's, Stockport, the second surviving son of Henry Bradshaw (d. 1654) of ...

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Breman [Braman], John (bap. 1627, d. 1703), army officer, politician, and conspirator, was baptized on 27 March 1627 at Alton, Hampshire, the eldest surviving son of Thomas Braman (d. 1661), mercer of Alton. He first appears in 1647 as one of the regimental agitators of the ...

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Brodrick, Sir Alan (1623–1680), royalist conspirator and politician, was born on 28 July 1623, the eldest of the ten children of Sir Thomas Brodrick (d. 1642), military administrator, and his wife, Katherine (d. 1678), daughter of Robert Nicholas of Manningford Bruce, Wiltshire...

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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James Butler, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1695 by kind permission of the Examination Schools, Oxford

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Arthur Capel, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1653 [with his wife, Elizabeth, countess of Essex] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Capel, Arthur, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683), politician and conspirator, was born at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire, and baptized there on 28 January 1632, the eldest son of Arthur Capel, first Baron Capel (1604–1649), and his wife, Elizabeth Morrison (1609/10–1661), daughter and heir of ...

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Carew, John (1622–1660), politician and regicide, was born on 3 July 1622, the second son of Sir Richard Carew, first baronet (1579/80–1643?), experimenter and educationist, of Antony, Cornwall, and his second wife, Grace (1603/4–1658), daughter of Robert Rolle of Heanton Satchville, Devon. He was admitted to ...

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Cawley, William (bap. 1602, d. 1667), politician and regicide, the eldest son of John Cawley (d. 1621), a brewer of Chichester who was three times mayor, and his third wife, Catherine, was born in Chichester and baptized on 3 November 1602 at ...

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Chaloner, Thomas (1595–1660), politician and regicide, was born at Steeple Claydon, Buckinghamshire, the third son of Sir Thomas Chaloner the younger (1563/4–1615) and Elizabeth Fleetwood (1568–1603), and elder brother of James Chaloner (c. 1602–1660). He matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford, on 7 June 1611, and was admitted to the ...