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See Industrial spies

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Sir Thomas Andrewes (d. 1659) by unknown artist private collection

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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Atwood, Thomas (d. 1793), judge in Dominica and the Bahamas and writer on economics and history, wrote that he spent several years of his life in Dominica, but his origins, as most of his other biographical details, are unknown. He was chief judge of ...

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Carter, Henry [Harry] Bonham (1827–1921), barrister and company director, was born on 15 February 1827 in London, the third son of John Bonham Carter (1788–1838) and his wife, Joanna Maria (d. 1884), daughter of William Smith of Parndon Hall, Essex, MP for ...

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Fauntleroy, Henry (1784–1824), banker and forger, was born on 12 October 1784, probably in London, the third but eldest surviving son (of five sons and two daughters) of William Fauntleroy (1749–1807), and his wife, Elizabeth (1758–1826), daughter of Revel Kerie, planter, of St Kitts, West Indies...

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Hancock, William Neilson (1820–1888), lawyer and economist, was born on 22 April 1820, at Lisburn, co. Antrim, the second son of William John Hancock, land agent and later a poor-law commissioner, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Samuel Neilson of Belfast, who took part in the 1798 rebellion. He was educated at the ...

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James Williams

Reviser Catherine Pease-Watkin

Hearn, William Edward (1826–1888), legal and economic writer, was born on 21 April 1826 at Belturbet, co. Cavan, the second son of the Revd William Edward Hearn (d. 1855), vicar of Killargue, co. Leitrim, and his wife, Henrietta Alicia, née Reynolds. He was educated at ...

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Hutcheson, Archibald (c. 1660–1740), lawyer and economist, was the son of Archibald Hutcheson of Stranocum, co. Antrim. He was admitted to the Middle Temple in 1680, was called to the bar in 1683, and for the next five years practised as a barrister in ...

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Kay, Joseph (1821–1878), economist and lawyer, the third son of Robert Kay (1768-1834) of Brookshaw House, near Bury, Lancashire, cotton merchant, and his wife, Hannah née Phillips (1780-1835), was born at Ordsall Cottage, Salford, on 27 February 1821. Sir James Phillips Kay-Shuttleworth (1804–1877)...

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Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

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Leone Levi (1821–1888) by Elliott & Fry, 1873 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Longfield, Mountifort (1802–1884), jurist and economist, was born at Church Hill, Desertserges, near Bandon, co. Cork, the second son of the Revd Mountifort Longfield, vicar of Desertserges, and his wife, Grace, daughter of William Lysaght of Fort William and Mount North, near Mallow...

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Menzies, Sir William John (1834–1905), lawyer and financier, was born in Edinburgh on 14 October 1834. His father, Allan Menzies (1804–1856), was a writer to the signet and professor of conveyancing (1847–56) in the university. His mother, Helen Cowan, was the daughter of ...

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Morris, John (1823–1905), lawyer and businessman, was born on 12 December 1823 at South Molton, Devon, the third of four children of George Morris, a wool-stapler, and his wife, Elizabeth Hutchings. He had one brother, William Morris, later a promoter of tramways, and two sisters. Educated privately, he then served for three years (1838–41) as a clerk in the offices of ...

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Paul, Sir John Dean, second baronet (1802–1868), banker and fraudster, was born on 27 October 1802, at 218 Strand, Westminster (adjacent to his father's bank), the eldest of three sons (there were four daughters) of Sir John Dean Paul, first baronet (1775–1852), and his wife, ...

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See Rose, Sir Philip, first baronet

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Thomas Hamilton

Reviser Sinéad Agnew

Shaw, James Johnston (1845–1910), economist and judge, was born at Kirkcubbin, co. Down, on 4 January 1845, the second son of John Maxwell Shaw (d. 1852), a merchant and farmer of Kirkcubbin, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Adam Johnston. He was taught locally, first at the national school, and later by ...

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Silvester, Eusebius (bap. 1714, d. in or after 1759), lawyer and projector, was baptized at Tamworth, Staffordshire, on 19 January 1714, the first of the eight children of Nicholas Silvester (1680–1745), gentleman, and his wife, Susanna, daughter of Euseby Dormer and his wife, ...

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Strickland, Mannock John (1683–1744), counsellor and lawyer, was born on 23 August 1683 at Thornton Bridge, Yorkshire, the fifth of the ten children of Robert Strickland (1639–1709), vice-chamberlain and treasurer to Queen Mary of Modena, and his wife, Bridget (d. 1736), fourth daughter of ...