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Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628), gentleman landowner, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626)...

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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

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Thomas Blood (1617/1818–1680) by unknown artist The Pepys Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge

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Blood, Thomas (1617/18–1680), adventurer and spy, was born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, 'serious, honest and of no inferior credit...

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Bowes, Sir Robert (1493?–1555), soldier, lawyer, and rebel, was the second surviving son of Sir Ralph Bowes of Streatlam, co. Durham (d. 1512), and Marjorie (d. 1524), daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Conyers of South Cowton, North Riding of Yorkshire...

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Hacker, Francis (d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was the eldest son of Francis Hacker (d. 1646) of East Bridgeford and Colston Bassett, Nottinghamshire, and Margaret Whalley (d. 1634), daughter of William Whalley of Cotgrave. The dates of his birth and baptism are not known, but on 5 July 1632 he married ...

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Hammond, Thomas (c. 1600–1658), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was the third son among the five children of Dr John Hammond (c. 1555–1617), physician to the royal household under James I, and his wife, Mary (or Marie) Harrison. Thomas's eldest brother, Robert, was the father of ...

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Hewson, John, appointed Lord Hewson under the protectorate (fl. 1630–1660), army officer and regicide, rose to prominence from low social origins. During the 1630s he was employed as a shoemaker or cobbler in Westminster and Edward Hyde later claimed that he was also for a time a brewer's clerk. In 1642 he enlisted in the parliamentarian forces and subsequently served under the earls of ...

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Holmes, Abraham (d. 1685), army officer and conspirator, was perhaps from co. Durham, though it has been suggested that he was related to a Holmes family of Sussex. Nothing definite is known of his background. He first appears during the early years of the civil war as a lieutenant in ...

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Edmund Ludlow (1616/1717–1692) by Robert White, 1689 Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection

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Ludlow [Ludlowe], Edmund (1616/17–1692), army officer and regicide, was born in Maiden Bradley, Wiltshire, the son of Sir Henry Ludlow (1592?–1643) of Maiden Bradley and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1660), daughter of Richard Phelips of Montacute, Somerset.

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Moore, John (c. 1599–1650), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was the eldest son of Edward Moore (c.1577–1632), merchant of Bank Hall, Walton, Lancashire, and his wife, Katherine (d. 1641), daughter of John and Margaret Hockenhull of Prenton on the Wirral, Cheshire...

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Palmer, Sir Thomas (b. after 1496, d. 1553), soldier and conspirator, was the youngest of three sons and a daughter of Edward Palmer of Angmering, Sussex (d. 1516), landowner, and his wife, Alice, daughter and coheir of John Clement of Ightham Mote...

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Potter, Vincent (c. 1614–1661?), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was born, apparently in Warwickshire, of unknown parents. Potter was an original member of the Massachusetts Bay Company, and in mid-May 1635 he sailed out of London on the Elizabeth and Ann, bound for ...

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Pride, Thomas, appointed Lord Pride under the protectorate (d. 1658), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was the son of William Pride, yeoman of Pedwell Manor, in the parish of Ashcot, Somerset. On 30 January 1622 he was apprenticed to Thomas Bradway, citizen and haberdasher of ...

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Adrian Scrope (1601–1660) by or after Robert Walker © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Scrope, Adrian (1601–1660), army officer and regicide, was born at Wormsley Hall in Oxfordshire, the son of Robert Scrope and Margaret Cornwall, daughter of Richard Cornwall of London; he was baptized at Lewknor on 12 January 1601. Scrope was educated at Hart Hall, Oxford...

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Sexby, Edward (c. 1616–1658), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, described speculatively as the son of Marcus Sexby, alias Saxbie, of London, gentleman, was probably born about 1616, if the identification is correct, for in 1632, one Edward Sexby was apprenticed to Edward Price...

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Sindercombe, Miles (d. 1657), parliamentarian soldier and conspirator, was originally from Kent. He was later reported to have been apprenticed to a surgeon near St Catherine's in the Tower, London, before the civil war, but much of his early life is very obscure. At the time of his death his widowed mother, ...

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See Königsmark [Coningsmark], Karl Johann, Count Königsmark in the Swedish nobility