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Bannatyne, Richard (d. 1605), secretary to John Knox, may have originated in western Scotland, for his brother James was a merchant in Ayr around the time of Richard's death. There is no evidence to support suggestions that he belonged to the same family as his contemporary ...

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Dido Elizabeth Belle (1761?–1804) attrib. Johan Zoffany, c. 1780 [left, with Lady Elizabeth Murray] from the collection of the Earl of Mansfield, Scone Palace, Perth

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Belle [married name Davinier], Dido Elizabeth (1761?–1804), protégée of the first earl of Mansfield, was the illegitimate daughter of Sir John Lindsay (1737–1788), a captain in the Royal Navy. Her mother was a black slave of African origin, possibly called Belle...

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See Blount, Martha

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Boothby, Hill (1708–1756), friend of Samuel Johnson, was born on 27 October 1708 at Ashbourne, Derbyshire, the only daughter of Brooke Boothby (d. 1727) of Ashbourne Hall, Derbyshire, and his second wife, Elizabeth Fitzherbert, daughter of John Fitzherbert of Somersall-Herbert, Derbyshire. A woman of considerable ability, she made the acquaintance of ...

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Frances Brawne (1800–1865) by unknown artist, c. 1833 Keats House, Hampstead; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brawne [married name Lindon], Frances [Fanny] (1800–1865), fiancée of John Keats, was born on 9 August 1800 in the West End of London, the first of five children of Samuel Vernon Brawne (1778–1810), a businessman 'of no commercial reputation' (Motion, 324...

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Bridgeman [née Weld-Forester], Selina Louisa, countess of Bradford (1819–1894), correspondent of Benjamin Disraeli, was born in London on 17 February 1819, the seventh and youngest child of Cecil, first Baron Forester (1767–1828), MP and landowner, and his wife, née Lady Katherine Manners (1779–1829)...

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Selina Louisa Bridgeman, countess of Bradford (1819–1894) by Edward Clifford, 1876 Copyright of the Trustees of the Weston Park Foundation

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Brownell [married names Blair, Pitt-Rivers], Sonia Mary [known as Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980), literary editor, writer, and friend of artists and intellectuals, was born Sonia Mary Brownell on 25 August 1918 at Mesra Thaua, Ranchi, Bihar, India, the younger daughter of ...

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Sonia Mary Brownell [Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980) by unknown photographer, 1949 [left, at the offices of Horizon] UCL, MSSRB, Orwell Archive 3B18

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See Calvert, Charles

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Carryl, Mary (d. 1809), servant and friend of the Ladies of Llangollen, was one of at least three children of humble parents from Ross, co. Wexford. Little is known of her background or upbringing, but her forceful personality was apparent at an early age; it was reported that as a young woman 'she went by the name of ...

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Caryll, John, Jacobite second Baron Caryll of Durford (1667–1736), friend of Alexander Pope, was the son of Richard Caryll (1635–1701), of West Grinstead, Sussex, and Frances (c.1644–1704), daughter of Sir Henry Bedingfield, and nephew and heir of John Caryll, Jacobite first Baron Caryll...

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See Cherry, Francis

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Clairmont, Clara Mary Jane [Claire] (1798–1879), a member of the Shelley–Byron circle, was born in Brislington, Somerset, on 27 April 1798, the second child of Mary Jane de Vial, calling herself Mrs Clairmont [see Godwin, Mary Jane (1768-1841)] and Sir John Lethbridge, ...

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[Anon.]

revised by Freya Johnston

Cleland, William (1673/4–1741), friend of Alexander Pope, was of Scottish birth and held the rank of major. He studied at Utrecht, served in Spain under Lord Rivers, and after the peace became a commissioner of customs in Scotland until 1714, and from May 1724 to July 1738 of the land tax and house duties in ...

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Cock, George (bap. 1615, d. 1679), merchant and friend of Samuel Pepys, was baptized at All Saints, Newcastle upon Tyne, on 25 April 1615, the son of Garrett Cocke. His family were deeply involved in trade and after his apprenticeship in 1631 to a corn merchant he became an influential and active member of the ...

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Collier, Margaret (1719–1794?), correspondent of Samuel Richardson, was born in Salisbury, the youngest of four children of Margaret Johnson (d. 1749) and Arthur Collier (1680–1732), the metaphysician. Her sister, Jane Collier (bap. 1715, d. 1755), collaborated with Sarah Fielding on The Cry...

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Fanny Cornforth [Sarah Cox] (1835–1909) by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, c. 1860 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford