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Adams, Fanny (1859–1867), murder victim and source of a colloquial expression, was born on 30 April 1859 in Tanhouse Lane, Alton, Hampshire, the fourth of seven children of George Adams (b. 1830), a labourer, later a bricklayer, and his wife, Harriet Mills (...

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Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving children of Richard Anning (c.1766–1810), cabinet-maker and carpenter, and his wife, ...

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Mary Anning (1799–1847) by unknown artist, before 1842 © The Natural History Museum, London

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Ashford [married name Devlin], Margaret Mary Julia [Daisy] (1881–1972), child writer, was born on 7 April 1881 at Elm Lodge, Petersham, Surrey, the eldest of the three daughters of William Henry Roxburghe Ashford (1836–1912), a former official of the War Office, and his wife, ...

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Margaret Mary Julia Ashford (1881–1972) by unknown photographer, c. 1890 Getty Images

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W. B. Squire

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Aspull, George (1813–1832), pianist, was born in June 1813 in Manchester, the ninth of the ten sons of Thomas Aspull, an unsuccessful merchant who had turned to earning his living by teaching music and playing the violin. George Aspull began to learn the piano from his father in February 1821, and made such rapid progress that within four months he was playing ...

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Blincoe, Robert (c. 1792–1860), factory apprentice, was a parish orphan who knew neither parent, did not know his place of birth, and was uncertain even about his name. Between the ages of four and seven he was brought up in St Pancras workhouse, London...

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Boothby, Penelope (1785–1791), artist's model and subject of poetry, was born at Lichfield, Staffordshire, on 11 April 1785, the daughter of Sir Brooke Boothby, seventh baronet (1744–1824), and his wife, Susanna (1755–1822), daughter and sole heir of Robert Bristoe or Bristow of Micheldever, Hampshire...

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Penelope Boothby (1785–1791) by Joshua Reynolds, 1788 private collection

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Bulger, James Patrick (1990–1993), murder victim, was born in Liverpool on 16 March 1990, the first child of Ralph S. Bulger (b. 1964) and his wife, Denise Matthews (b. 1965). A younger brother was born after his death, and his parents separated in 1994. The family lived in ...

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Campion, Mary Anne (c. 1687–1706), singer and dancer, was born of lowly parents, her father having possibly been a servant of William Cavendish, first duke of Devonshire. She displayed a precocious talent on the stage; aged eleven, she was a member of Christopher Rich's...

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Coppin, Louisa (1845–1849), supposed ghost, was born on 7 September 1845 at Ivy House, 34 Strand Road, Londonderry, the third child of Dora (d. 1866) and William Coppin (1805–1895). William Coppin was born on 9 October 1805 and was a ...

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Darwin, Anne Elizabeth [Annie] (1841–1851), daughter of Charles Darwin and subject of a memorial essay, was born on 2 March 1841 at 12 Upper Gower Street, London, the first daughter and second of the ten children of Charles Robert Darwin (1809–1882), naturalist, geologist, and originator of the theory of natural selection, and ...

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Annie Darwin (1841–1851), by unknown photographer, 1849

© Historic England Archive

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Darwin, William Erasmus (1839–1914), subject of a study in child psychology, was born on 27 December 1839 at 12 Upper Gower Street, London, and baptized at St Peter's Church, Maer, Staffordshire, on 23 June 1840. He was the first of the ten children of ...

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Edward V (1470–1483), king of England and lord of Ireland, the eldest son of Edward IV (1442–1483) and his queen, Elizabeth (c. 1437–1492), was born in Westminster sanctuary on 2 November 1470, during his father's exile and the readeption of Henry VI. He was baptized in the abbey, the abbot and prior of ...

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Edward [Edward of Middleham], prince of Wales (1474x6–1484), was the first-born and probably only son of Richard, duke of Gloucester (the future Richard III), and his wife, Anne Neville (1456–1485). While the place of his birth is recorded by John Rous (...

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Fleming, Marjory (1803–1811), child diarist, was born on 15 January 1803 in Kirkcaldy, Fife, the third child of James Fleming (d. c.1840), accountant and magistrate, and Isabella Rae (d. 1850). Her mother was distantly connected to Walter Scott through her sister ...

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Geddie, Emelia [Emilia] (1665–1681), child prophet and exemplar of godliness, was born at Hilltown of Falkland, Fife, one of three children (her two brothers died young) of John Gedde of Hilltown of Falkland (fl. 1647–1697), steward clerk of Fife, and Anne Wallace (...

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Hargreaves [née Liddell], Alice Pleasance (1852–1934), prototype of the character Alice, was made famous by Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson) in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865) and Through the Looking-Glass (1872). She was the second daughter of Henry George Liddell (1811–1898)...