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Gates, Horatio (1727?–1806), revolutionary army officer, was the son of Robert Gates (d. 1766), a Thames waterman, and his wife, Dorothy Reeve (d. 1768), housekeeper to Peregrine Osborne, second duke of Leeds. The circumstances of his birth remain controversial: even the date is uncertain, and while his birthplace is traditionally given as ...

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Howe, Robert (1732–1786), politician and revolutionary army officer in America, was born on the rice plantation belonging to his father, Job Howe (d. 1748), in New Hanover county, North Carolina, beside the Cape Fear River. His family was a branch of the distinguished ...

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Martin, Alexander (1739/40–1807), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born at Lebanon, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, the eldest son of Hugh Martin (b. c.1700) and Jane, née Hunter (c.1720–1807). Martin's father was originally from co. Tyrone and his mother from ...

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Richard Montgomery (1738–1775) by Charles Willson Peale Independence National Historical Park

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H. M. Chichester

revised by Paul David Nelson

Montgomery, Richard (1738–1775), revolutionary army officer, was born on 2 December 1738 at Swords, co. Dublin, the third of four children of Sir Thomas Montgomery, baronet, former army officer and MP for Lifford, and his wife, Mary Franklin (or Franklyn). He attended St Andrews School...

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Moultrie, William (1730–1805), revolutionary army officer and politician in the United States of America, was born on 23 November 1730 in Charles Town, South Carolina, the son of Dr John Moultrie (1702–1771), physician, and Lucretia Cooper (1704–1747). On 10 December 1747 William married ...

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Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth (1746–1825), politician and army officer in the United States of America, was born on 14 February 1746 in Charles Town, South Carolina, the son of Charles Pinckney (1699–1758), a leading planter and politician, and Elizabeth Lucas Pinckney (1722?–1793), an agricultural innovator. In 1753 ...

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Rodney, Caesar (1728–1784), revolutionary politician and army officer in America, was born on 7 October 1728 on a farm near Dover, in Kent county, Delaware. He was the eldest of eight children of Caesar Rodeney (1707–1745), a well-to-do planter, and his wife, Elizabeth (1709–1763)...

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Smallwood, William (1732–1792), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born probably at Smallwood's Retreat in Charles county, Maryland, the son of Bayne Smallwood (c.1711–1768), wealthy planter, merchant, and politician, and his wife, Priscilla Heabard (d. 1784). He had one brother and five sisters. ...

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Thomas Sumter (1734–1832) by Rembrandt Peale, 1796 Independence National Historical Park

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Sumter, Thomas (1734–1832), revolutionary army officer and politician in the United States of America, was born on 14 July or 14 August 1734 in the Preddy's Creek settlement of Hanover county, Virginia, near present-day Charlottesville. Second of four children born to William Sumter...

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Washington, George (1732–1799), revolutionary army officer and president of the United States of America, was born on 11 February 1732 at his family's plantation near Pope's Creek, Westmoreland county, Virginia, the first of six children of Augustine Washington (1694–1743), planter, and his second wife, ...

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George Washington (1732–1799) by Gilbert Stuart, 1796 [unfinished; the ‘Athenaeum portrait’] Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; William Francis Warden Fund, John H. and Ernestine A. Payne Fund, Commonwealth Cultural Preservation Trust. Jointly owned by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the National Portrait Gallery, Washington DC