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Abbott, Augustus (1804–1867), army officer in the East India Company, was born in London on 7 January 1804, the eldest of five sons of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret (1774–1853), daughter of John Welsh...

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Abbott, Sir Frederick (1805–1892), army officer in the East India Company, was the second son of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of William Welsh of Edinburgh, writer to the signet. He was the brother of ...

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R. H. Vetch

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Abbott, Sir James (1807–1896), army officer, third son of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of William Welsh, writer to the signet, of Edinburgh, was born on 12 March 1807. He was the brother of ...

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Sir James Abbott (1807–1896) by B. Baldwin, 1841 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Abbott, Augustus

Article

Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his family's Scottish estate, Menstrie, near Tullibody, in Clackmannanshire, on 13 October 1740, which was possibly also the day of his birth. He came from one of those Scottish landed families that were to play an important role in British military and imperial history over the next two centuries. ...

Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by S. J. Skedd

Acland, John Dyke (1747–1778), army officer and politician, was born on 18 February 1747 and baptized the following day at North Petherton, Somerset, the elder of the two sons of Sir Thomas Acland, seventh baronet (1722–1785), a landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

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Adam, Sir Ronald Forbes, second baronet (1885–1982), army officer, was born on 30 October 1885 in Bombay, the eldest son of Sir Frank Forbes Adam, first baronet (1846–1926), a Scot who was a well-known industrialist in Lancashire and Bombay, and his wife, Rose Frances Kemball (1863–1944)...

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Adams, Thomas (1730?–1764), army officer, remains of unknown birth and parentage. He commenced his military service in 1747 as a volunteer with the army under the command of the duke of Cumberland in the Netherlands. On 25 June of the same year he obtained a commission as ensign in the ...

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Sir John Miller Adye (1819–1900) by Maclure & Macdonald, pubd 1882 (after Fradelle) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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E. M. Lloyd

revised by James Lunt

Adye, Sir John Miller (1819–1900), army officer, was born at Sevenoaks, Kent, on 1 November 1819, the son of Major James Pattison Adye, Royal Artillery, and Jane, daughter of J. Mortimer Kelson of Sevenoaks. His grandfather Major Stephen Payne Adye, Royal Artillery, had three sons in the regiment. ...

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Adye, Stephen Payne (d. 1794), army officer and writer on military justice, entered the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, as a cadet in June 1757, and was appointed second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery in September 1762; he was promoted first lieutenant in May 1766, captain lieutenant in March 1773, and captain in June 1780. After the Seven Years' War he was on the staff of ...

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E. M. Lloyd

revised by James Lunt

Airey, Sir James Talbot (1812–1898), army officer, born on 6 September 1812, was the son of Lieutenant-General Sir George Airey (1761–1833) and his wife, Catherine, sister of the second Baron Talbot de Malahide. Richard Airey was his brother. He was commissioned ensign in the ...

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Airey, Richard, Baron Airey (1803–1881), army officer, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne in April 1803, the eldest son from the six boys and three girls of Lieutenant-General Sir George Airey (1761–1833) and his wife, Catherine Talbot (d. 1852), third daughter of ...

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Richard Airey, Baron Airey (1803–1881) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1878 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alderson, Sir Edwin Alfred Hervey (1859–1927), army officer, was born at Capel St Mary, Suffolk, on 8 April 1859, the eldest son of Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Mott Alderson, of Poyle House, Ipswich, and his wife, Catherine Harriett Swainson. In 1876 he joined the Prince of Wales's Own Norfolk artillery militia...

Article

J. H. Leslie

revised by James Lunt

Alderson, Sir Henry James (1834–1909), army officer, was born at Quebec on 22 May 1834, the son of Lieutenant-Colonel Ralph Carr Alderson (1793–1849), Royal Engineers, and his wife, Maria , daughter of Henry Thorold of Cuxwold, Lincolnshire. John Alderson (bap. 1757, d. 1829), physician, was his grandfather. Educated at ...

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Alexander, William, styled sixth earl of Stirling (1726–1783), army officer in America, was born on 25 December 1726 in New York city, one of seven children of James Alexander (1691–1756), a surveyor, lawyer, and politician, and Mary Spratt Provoost (1693–1760), a rich merchant and the daughter of ...

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Alison, Sir Archibald, second baronet (1826–1907), army officer, was born at Edinburgh on 21 January 1826, the eldest son of Sir Archibald Alison, first baronet (1792–1867), historian, and his wife, Elizabeth Glencairn (1799–1873), youngest daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel William Tytler. In 1835 Possil House...

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Sir Archibald Alison, second baronet (1826–1907) by Maclure & Macdonald, pubd 1882 © National Portrait Gallery, London