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See Barclay, Robert, of Ury

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Berry, James (d. 1691), parliamentarian army officer and major-general, was in the late 1630s employed as a clerk in an ironworks in the west midlands. He was a friend of the puritan divine Richard Baxter with whom he shared a house for some time. ...

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Dell, Jonas (d. 1665?), soldier and religious writer, may have fought in the parliamentarian army in the civil war. Nothing is known about his origins or early life, but in 1658 he attacked a corrupt establishment thus: 'I did not think at Marston Moor...

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Nathanael Greene (1742–1786) by Charles Willson Peale, 1783 Independence National Historical Park

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Greene, Nathanael (1742–1786), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 27 July 1742 in Warwick, Rhode Island, the son of Nathanael Greene senior, co-owner of an ironworks, and Mary, née Mott. Greene's father, a man of some means, did not believe in extensive formal education. So at a relatively early age ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by D. N. Farr

Hodgson, John (1617/18–1684?), army officer and autobiographer, was a native of Yorkshire. He took up arms for parliament in late 1642 and began his military service as ensign in the regiment of Colonel Forbes. He fought under Sir Thomas Fairfax and was badly wounded in the defeat at ...

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Matlack, Timothy (1736?–1829), revolutionary politician and army officer in America, was born in Haddonfield, New Jersey, most likely on 28 May 1736, though three other dates appear in biographical sources. He was the seventh child and eldest son of his father's eleven children. His parents were ...

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Thomas Mifflin (1744–1800) by John Singleton Copley, 1773 [with his wife, Sarah Morris] Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia / Bridgeman Art Library

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Mifflin, Thomas (1744–1800), revolutionary army officer and politician in the United States of America, was born on 10 January 1744 in Philadelphia, the eldest son of John Mifflin, wealthy merchant and later Pennsylvania provincial councillor, and his wife, Elizabeth Bagnell. His father's progenitors were Quakers from ...

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Phayre [Phaire], Robert (1618/19–1682), parliamentarian army officer, was almost certainly the son of the Revd Emmanuel Phayre. The father had migrated, probably from Devon, to Ireland, where he held ecclesiastical livings in co. Cork. Both father and son sustained losses during the uprising of 1641, when they were living near ...

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Pyott, Edward (d. 1670), parliamentarian army officer, lived in Lower Easton, near Bristol. He and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1672), formerly married to Richard Dittie, were Quakers. They had two sons, Edward, cited as a 'young lad' in 1680, and Alexander (...

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Sinton, John Alexander (1884–1956), soldier and malariologist, was born on 2 December 1884 at Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, the third of the seven children of Walter Lyon Sinton (1860–1930?) and his wife, Isabella Mary, née Pringle (1860–1924). His parents were both from the north of ...

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John Alexander Sinton (1884–1956) by Charles H. Halliday, 1947 © Charles H. Halliday; collection Royal Society

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Underhill, John (c. 1608–1672), soldier and colonist in America, was born in Bergen op Zoom in the Netherlands to John Underhill of Warwickshire, a soldier who died in October 1608, and Honor Pauley of St Ives parish, Cornwall. He married Helena de Hooch (...

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West, Joseph (d. 1691), army officer and colonial governor, was probably born in England, with a possible connection to the West family in Sussex. Little else is known about his early life, except that he was a London merchant before his departure for ...