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Abbott, Augustus (1804–1867), army officer in the East India Company, was born in London on 7 January 1804, the eldest of five sons of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret (1774–1853), daughter of John Welsh...

Article

Abbott, Sir Frederick (1805–1892), army officer in the East India Company, was the second son of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of William Welsh of Edinburgh, writer to the signet. He was the brother of ...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Abbott, Sir James (1807–1896), army officer, third son of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of William Welsh, writer to the signet, of Edinburgh, was born on 12 March 1807. He was the brother of ...

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Sir James Abbott (1807–1896) by B. Baldwin, 1841 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

See Abbott, Augustus

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by James Lunt

Abercromby, Alexander (1784–1853), army officer, born on 4 March 1784, was the youngest son of General Sir Ralph Abercromby (1734–1801) and his wife, Mary Anne (d. 1821), daughter of John Menzies of Ferntower, Crieff, Perth. James Abercromby, speaker of the House of Commons...

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James Abercromby (1706–1781) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Abercromby, James (1706–1781), army officer and politician, was born in Glassaugh, Banffshire, the son of Alexander Abercromby (1677–1728), laird of Glassaugh, politician and army officer, and his wife, Helen Meldrum. With his father's assistance he became commissioner of supply and justice of the peace in ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by S. Kinross

Abercromby, Sir John (1772–1817), army officer, was the second son of the famous General Sir Ralph Abercromby (1734–1801) and his wife, Mary Anne (d. 1821), daughter of Captain John Menzies. His brothers included James Abercromby and Alexander Abercromby. He was born on 2 April 1772 at ...

Article

Abercromby, Sir Ralph, of Tullibody (1734–1801), army officer, was born in October 1734 at Menstrie, Clackmannanshire, and baptized on 26 October at Logie, Perthshire. He was the second but eldest surviving son of George Abercromby (1705–1800), a lawyer by training and a descendant of the ...

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Sir Ralph Abercromby of Tullibody (1734–1801) by John Hoppner, c. 1797–8 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his family's Scottish estate, Menstrie, near Tullibody, in Clackmannanshire, on 13 October 1740, which was possibly also the day of his birth. He came from one of those Scottish landed families that were to play an important role in British military and imperial history over the next two centuries. ...

Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by S. J. Skedd

Acland, John Dyke (1747–1778), army officer and politician, was born on 18 February 1747 and baptized the following day at North Petherton, Somerset, the elder of the two sons of Sir Thomas Acland, seventh baronet (1722–1785), a landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by S. Kinross

Acland, Sir Wroth Palmer (1770–1816), army officer, was the son of Arthur Palmer Acland of Fairfield, and nephew of Sir Thomas Acland bt. He entered the army in 1787 as ensign in the 17th regiment, becoming a lieutenant in 1790 and captain in 1791 before being placed on half pay until the outbreak of war with ...

Article

Adam, Sir Frederick William (1784–1853), army officer, was born on 17 June 1784, the fourth son of the Rt Hon. William Adam (1751–1839), privy councillor, lawyer, and lord lieutenant of Kinross, from Blair Adam, and his wife, the Hon. Eleanora Elphinstone (1749–1808) from ...

Article

Adam, Sir Ronald Forbes, second baronet (1885–1982), army officer, was born on 30 October 1885 in Bombay, the eldest son of Sir Frank Forbes Adam, first baronet (1846–1926), a Scot who was a well-known industrialist in Lancashire and Bombay, and his wife, Rose Frances Kemball (1863–1944)...

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Adams, Thomas (1730?–1764), army officer, remains of unknown birth and parentage. He commenced his military service in 1747 as a volunteer with the army under the command of the duke of Cumberland in the Netherlands. On 25 June of the same year he obtained a commission as ensign in the ...

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Addison, Henry Robert (1805–1876), playwright and army officer, was born of Irish parentage in 1805 at Calcutta, and spent his early life in India. He acquired on 12 July 1827 a commission in the cavalry as cornet in the 2nd dragoon guards, and progressed to lieutenant on 15 March 1831. Part of his ...

Article

See Adye, Stephen Payne

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Sir John Miller Adye (1819–1900) by Maclure & Macdonald, pubd 1882 (after Fradelle) © National Portrait Gallery, London