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See Henry Frederick, Prince, duke of Cumberland and Strathearn

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Beresford, Henry de la Poer, third marquess of Waterford (1811–1859), reprobate and landowner, was born on 26 April 1811 at 5 Mansfield Street, Marylebone, Middlesex, the second son of Henry de la Poer Beresford, second marquess of Waterford (1772–1826), and his wife, Lady Susanna Hussey Carpenter (1784–1827)...

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Craufurd, Quintin (1743–1819), author and friend of the French royal family, was born on 22 September 1743 at Kilwinning in Ayrshire, the second son of Quintin Craufurd of Newark (d. 1749), justiciary baillie for the west seas of Scotland, and his wife, ...

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Charles Dartiquenave (bap. 1664?, d. 1737) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1702 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dartiquenave, Charles (bap. 1664?, d. 1737), epicure and courtier, was rumoured to be the illegitimate child of Charles II, though there is no substantial evidence for a claim that was subsequently derided in later eighteenth- and nineteenth-century accounts of his life. It is elsewhere suggested that he was the pupil of a French émigré family, whose name he adopted (...

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Edgar, James (1688–1764), secretary to James Francis Edward Stuart, was born at Keithock, Forfarshire, on 13 July 1688, the fifth of seven sons of David Edgar (1650?–1722) of Keithock, a farmer, and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Guthrie, of St Vigeans. Despite his large ...

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Elizabeth [née Lady Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon] (1900–2002), queen of Great Britain, Ireland, and the British dominions beyond the seas, sometime empress of India, consort of George VI, later styled Queen Elizabeth, the queen mother, was born on 4 August 1900, the ninth of the ten children, and the youngest of the four daughters, of ...

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Elizabeth (1900–2002) by Cecil Beaton, 1970 Camera Press, London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hardinge, Alexander Henry Louis, second Baron Hardinge of Penshurst (1894–1960), private secretary to Edward VIII and George VI, was born on 17 May 1894 at the British embassy, Paris, the younger son of Charles Hardinge, later first Baron Hardinge of Penshurst (1858–1944), diplomatist, and his wife, ...

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Henry Hastings (bap. 1562, d. 1650) by unknown artist private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Hastings, Henry (bap. 1562, d. 1650), landowner and eccentric, was the second son of George Hastings (d. 1604), who in 1595 became fourth earl of Huntingdon, and his wife, Dorothy Port (d. 1607). His epitaph states that he died on 5 October 1650, aged ninety-nine, so indicating that he was born in 1550 or 1551, but this exaggerates his age. His parents were married in 1557, his elder brother was born in 1560, and ...

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Howard [née Mordaunt; other married name Germain], Mary, duchess of Norfolk (1658/9–1705), noblewoman and divorcee, was the only daughter and heir of Henry Mordaunt, second earl of Peterborough (bap. 1623, d. 1697), and his wife, Lady Penelope (c.1622–1702), daughter of ...

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Lady Sarah Napier (1745–1826) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1762 Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Kimball Collection, 1922.4468 The Art Institute of Chicago. All rights reserved

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Napier [née Lennox; other married name Bunbury], Lady Sarah (1745–1826), noblewoman and society beauty, was born on 14 February 1745, the sixth of the seven surviving children of Charles Lennox, second duke of Richmond and Lennox (1701–1750), and Sarah (1706–1751), daughter of ...

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Skeffington, Clotworthy, second earl of Massereene (1742–1805), landowner and debtor, was the son of Clotworthy Skeffington, sixth viscount and first earl of Massereene (d. 1757), and his second wife, Anne, daughter of Henry Eyre of Rowter, Derbyshire. He was born on 28 January 1742 in ...

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Stanley [née de La Trémoille], Charlotte, countess of Derby (1599–1664), noblewoman and royalist heroine, was born at the château of Thouars, Poitou, in France, in early December 1599, the second child and eldest daughter of Claude de La Trémoille, duc de Thouars...

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Charlotte Stanley, countess of Derby (1599–1664) by Gerrit van Honthorst, 1632 [as Minerva] Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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William, Prince, duke of Gloucester (1689–1700), was born on 24 July 1689 at Hampton Court, Middlesex, the third child and eldest son of Anne (1665–1714), later queen of Great Britain and Ireland, and her husband, George, prince of Denmark and duke of Cumberland...

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Yorke, Charles Philip [nicknamed Champagne Charlie], fifth earl of Hardwicke (1836–1897), landowner and bankrupt dandy, was born on 23 April 1836 at Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire, the eldest son of the five sons and three daughters of Charles Philip Yorke, fourth earl of Hardwicke...