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Aconcio, Jacopo [Jacobus Acontius] (c. 1520–1566/7?), theologian and military engineer, was perhaps born at Ossana, in the Val di Sole, not far from Trento in Italy, the son of Gerolamo Aconcio and his wife, Oliana. After studying law Aconcio was admitted to the ...

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Sir John Francis Edward Acton, sixth baronet (1736–1811) by Peter Eduard Ströhling, c. 1793 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Acton, Sir John Francis Edward, sixth baronet (1736–1811), naval officer and administrator in the Neapolitan service, descended from the Actons of Aldenham Hall, Shropshire, was born in Besançon, Franche Comté, France, in 1736 (baptized 3 June). His father, Dr Edward Acton (1709–1775), had settled there and married a local girl, ...

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Agar, Augustus Willington Shelton (1890–1968), naval officer, was born in Kandy, Ceylon, on 4 January 1890, the son of John Shelton Agar, an Irish tea planter from co. Kerry. He was the youngest of thirteen children, and his Austrian mother, whose maiden name was ...

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Anders, Władysław (1892–1970), army officer and politician, was born on 11 August 1892 in Błonie, in the county of Kutno, in Russian Poland. The eldest of four sons of Catholic parents, he attended secondary school in Warsaw, and moved with the family to ...

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Henry Arundell, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (bap. 1608, d. 1694) attrib. John Michael Wright, 1660s [The Crucifixion with … Lord Arundell and his Wife, Cicely Compton, at the Foot of the Cross] Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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Arundell, Henry, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (bap. 1608, d. 1694), royalist army officer and politician, was baptized on 23 February 1608 at St Andrew's, Holborn, London. He was the only son of Thomas Arundell, second Baron Arundell of Wardour (c. 1586–1643) [...

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Arundell, Thomas, first Baron Arundell of Wardour (c. 1560–1639), army officer, was the son and heir of Sir Matthew Arundell (1532×4–1598) of Wardour Castle, Wiltshire, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Henry Willoughby of Wollaton, Nottinghamshire, and his wife, Anne. His father inherited extensive former monastic lands, serving as high sheriff, custos-rotulorum, and deputy lieutenant of ...

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See Arundell, Thomas, first Baron Arundell of Wardour

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Ashton, Sir John (c. 1354–c. 1398), soldier and landowner, was the son and heir of Sir John Ashton (d. c.1360) of Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, and of Margaret, a daughter of Robert del Leigh of Adlington, Cheshire. His mother's second marriage, to ...

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Aston, Sir Arthur (1590x93–1649), royalist army officer, was the younger son of Sir Arthur Aston (d. 1627), soldier, of Fulham, Middlesex, who was killed on the expedition to the Île de Rhé, and his first wife, Christiana Ashton, daughter of John Ashton...

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Baillie [Bailly], Charles (c. 1541–1625), conspirator and informer, was probably born in the Low Countries of Scottish descent. He was a good linguist, and from about 1564 found employment in the household of Mary, queen of Scots. By 1571 he was in the service of ...

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Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch of the Barclay family of Johnston, Kincardineshire, and was perhaps Andrew, a younger son of ...

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Bard, Henry, first Viscount Bellomont [Bellamont] (1615/16–1656), royalist army officer and diplomat, came of an old-established Lincolnshire family, and was the younger son of George Bard (d. 1616), vicar of Staines, Middlesex, and his wife, Susan, daughter of John Dudley. A scholar at ...

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Robert Harrison

revised by Jonathan Spain

Barnewall, Anthony (1721–1739), army officer in the Austrian service, was the sixth child and youngest son of John Barnewall, styled eleventh Baron Trimleston (1672–1746), and his wife, Mary (or Margaret; d. 1771), the daughter of Sir John Barnewall, kt, of Ballybrittan, King's county...

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Barnewall, Nicholas, third Viscount Barnewall of Kingsland (1668–1725), politician and army officer, was born on 15 April 1668, probably at the family seat, Turvey, in the parish of Donabate, co. Dublin, the son of Henry Barnewall, second Viscount Barnewall of Kingsland (d...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Randolph Cock

Barrett, John (bap. 1764, d. 1810), naval officer, son of Patrick and Elizabeth Barrett, was baptized at St Peter's, Dublin, on 27 May 1764. After going to sea first on 15 January 1780 as captain's servant in the Hannibal he served as able seaman and midshipman on that ship and the ...

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Barry, David fitz James, de facto third Viscount Buttevant (1550–1617), soldier, was the second son of James fitz Richard Barry Roe (d. 1581), lord of Ibawne, and Eileen, daughter of Cormac MacCarthy Reagh. James assumed possession of Barryscourt, near Cork, in 1558 and was summoned to ...

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Barry, Gerat (d. 1646), army officer in the Spanish service and military writer, was probably the individual of that name who embarked from Kinsale with the Spanish forces in March 1601 in the company of his father, David Fitz Garrot Barry of Rincorran...

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Bauzá, Felipe (1764–1834), hydrographer, was born in Palma, Majorca, in the Spanish Balearic Islands. He entered the Spanish navy at the age of fifteen, and experienced active service as he rose through the ranks. His career as a hydrographer began under Tofiño y Varela...