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Aconcio, Jacopo [Jacobus Acontius] (c. 1520–1566/7?), theologian and military engineer, was perhaps born at Ossana, in the Val di Sole, not far from Trento in Italy, the son of Gerolamo Aconcio and his wife, Oliana. After studying law Aconcio was admitted to the ...

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H. M. Vibart

revised by James Falkner

Adams, James Williams (1839–1903), army chaplain, born on 24 November 1839 in Cork, was the only son of James O'Brien Adams, magistrate of Cork (d. 1854), and his wife, Elizabeth Williams. Educated at Hamlin and Porter's School, on the South Mall, Cork...

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James Williams Adams (1839–1903) by unknown photographer, in or after 1881 courtesy of the Director, National Army Museum, London

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Beckwith, John Charles (1789–1862), army officer and missionary, was born at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 2 October 1789. He was the grandson of Major-General John Beckwith, and nephew of the generals Sir George and Sir Thomas Sydney Beckwith. His father, like his four brothers, had held a commission in the ...

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Bennett, Robert (1605–1683), parliamentarian army officer and religious radical, was born in Hexworthy, Lawhitton, Cornwall, the eldest son of Richard Bennett esquire and his wife, Mary, daughter of Oliver Clobery of Bradstone, Devon. He matriculated from Exeter College, Oxford, on 13 December 1622 and left after taking his BA in 1624; during 1622 he was also enrolled at the ...

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Borthwick, Sir John (d. 1569), soldier and religious activist, is of obscure origins. He was not, as has been claimed, a son of William, third Lord Borthwick, but became son-in-law of the fourth lord [see Borthwick, William] when he married the latter's youngest daughter, ...

Article

A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Katherine Prior

Brown, David (1762–1812), East India Company chaplain, was the son of Francis Brown, a prosperous farmer of Driffield Greets, Yorkshire. He was educated privately at Scarborough and then at Hull grammar school and Magdalene College, Cambridge. In February 1785, his studies incomplete, he accepted the post of superintendent of the ...

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Claudius Buchanan (1766–1815) by Frederick Christian Lewis senior, pubd 1815 (after J. Slater, 1814) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Buchanan, Claudius (1766–1815), East India Company chaplain, was born on 12 March 1766 at Cambuslang, a village near Glasgow, the second son of Alexander Buchanan (d. 1788), schoolmaster at Inveraray, Argyll, and his wife, the daughter of Claudius Somers. He commenced his education at ...

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Burn, Andrew (1742–1814), marine officer and religious writer, was born in Dundee on 8 September 1742, the son of George John Burn and Christian Donie. When business failure induced his father to become a naval purser the sixteen-year-old Andrew accompanied him as an assistant clerk on active service in the ...

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See Caunter, John Hobart

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Cavalier, Jean (1681–1740), army officer and leader of the Camisard rising in France, was born on 28 November 1681 at Mas Roux, Ribaute, near Anduze, Languedoc, subsequently in the département of Gard, the son of Antoine Cavalier, a small farmer, and his wife, ...

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Cecil [alias Snowden], John (1558–1626), Roman Catholic priest and spy, was born at Worcester and educated at Trinity College, Oxford; he graduated BA in 1576 and MA in 1580. He and several other scholars left Oxford in August 1583 to attend the English Catholic seminary at ...

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Chillenden, Edmund (fl. 1631–1678), parliamentarian army officer and General Baptist leader, was the son of William Chillenden, yeoman, of Faversham, Kent. His father had died by the time he was bound to the Merchant Taylors' Company of London in February 1631. He gained his freedom of the company in March 1637 and worked for his former master as a button-seller living in ...

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Chisenhale [Chisnall], Edward (bap. 1619, d. 1654), soldier and religious controversialist, was baptized on 20 January 1619 in the parish of Standish, Lancashire, the eldest son of Edward Chisnall (d. 1635) of Chisnall in the same county, and his wife, Margaret (...

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Clifford, Sir Lewis (c. 1330–1404), soldier and suspected heretic, 'far from being of the north-country baronial family was a cadet of the Cliffords of Devonshire, such small fry that their pedigree is difficult to trace' (McFarlane, 162). He was probably born in the early 1330s. His military career began inauspiciously as one of the ...

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Coppock, Thomas (bap. 1719, d. 1746), Jacobite chaplain, was born in Old Millgate, Manchester, and baptized on 13 December 1719. He was the third of four children of John Coppock, a tailor, and his wife, Esther, née Ogden, both from Manchester. In the 1730s he attended the local grammar school and in 1739 went on to ...

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D'Auvergne, Edward (1665–1737), historian and army chaplain, belonged to the ancient D'Auvergne family of St Ouen, on the island of Jersey. He was the third son of Philip D'Auvergne (d. 1690) and Madeleine le Maistre (d. c.1712). At his baptism on 17 February 1665 he was presented by ...

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Dell, Jonas (d. 1665?), soldier and religious writer, may have fought in the parliamentarian army in the civil war. Nothing is known about his origins or early life, but in 1658 he attacked a corrupt establishment thus: 'I did not think at Marston Moor...

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Doyle, William Joseph Gabriel (1873–1917), Roman Catholic priest and military chaplain, was born at Dalkey, co. Dublin, on 3 March 1873, the youngest of seven children of Hugh Doyle, chief clerk of the high court of bankruptcy, and his wife, Christine, née Byrne...