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Burdon, John Shaw (1826–1907), bishop of Victoria, Hong Kong, and Chinese scholar, only son of James Burdon and Isabella, his second wife, was born at Auchterarder in Perthshire on 12 December 1826. After his father's early death he was brought up by an uncle, who kept a school at ...

Article

R. K. Douglas

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Kidd, Samuel (1799–1843), missionary in Malacca and Chinese scholar, was born at Welton, near Hull, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, on 19 June 1799, the son of a tailor. He attended the village school in Welton where he received a limited education; it was supplemented, until he was twelve, by instruction in English grammar and mathematics from his learned maternal grandfather. From an early age he is said to have shown remarkable powers both of acquiring languages and of memorizing literature. Aged about fourteen he was sent to ...

Article

Legge, James (1815–1897), Sinologist and missionary, was born on 20 December 1815 in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, the youngest of the four sons of Ebenezer Legge (1770–1848), a successful drapery merchant, and his first wife, Elizabeth (née Cruickshank; d. 1817). Born into in a '...

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Robert Morrison (1782–1834) by John R. Wildman, in or before 1824 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

R. K. Douglas

revised by Robert Bickers

Morrison, Robert (1782–1834), missionary and Chinese scholar, youngest son among the eight children of James Morrison, manufacturer of lasts and boot-trees, and Hannah, née Nicholson (d. 1802), was born on 5 January 1782 at Buller's Green, Morpeth, in Northumberland. In 1785 his parents moved to ...

Article

E. I. Carlyle

revised by Robert Bickers

Wylie, Alexander (1815–1887), missionary and Chinese scholar, was born in London on 6 April 1815, the youngest son of Alexander Wylie, an oil and colour merchant of 150 Drury Lane; his father had moved to London from Scotland about 1791. When a year old ...