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Aston, William George (1841–1911), diplomatist and Japanese and Korean scholar, was born on 9 April 1841 near Londonderry, one of the five children of George Robert Aston, minister of the Unitarian Church of Ireland and schoolmaster. He was educated at Saintfield national school...

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William George Aston (1841–1911) by Minnie Agnes Cohen, 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barker, Sir William (1909–1992), diplomatist and Russian scholar, was born on 19 July 1909 at 3 Plank Lane, Leigh, Lancashire, the eldest of the three children of Alfred Barker, master baker and later licensed victualler, and his wife, Annie, formerly Arden (née...

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John Bourchier, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533) attrib. Ambrosius Benson, c. 1521–6 Galerie Jan der Maere

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Bourchier, John, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533), soldier, diplomat, and translator, was the son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d. 1471) and Elizabeth (d. 1497), daughter and sole heir of Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. His father, a Yorkist, was killed at the battle of ...

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Eastwick, Edward Backhouse (1814–1883), orientalist and diplomatist, was born on 13 March 1814 at Warfield, Berkshire, one of three sons of Captain Robert William Eastwick of Brompton, Middlesex, and his wife, Lucy, daughter of John King. His family had a long history of service with the ...

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Eaton, (Horace Charles Le) Gai [names in religion Hasan ‘Abd al-Hakim, Sidi Hasan] (1921–2010), diplomatist and Muslim scholar, was born on 1 January 1921 in Lausanne, Switzerland, the son of Francis Henry Launcelot Errington (1854–1942), barrister, and Ruth Frances Muddock (1881–1973)...

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Sir Richard Fanshawe, first baronet (1608–1666) by William Dobson Valence House Museum, the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham

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Fanshawe, Sir Richard, first baronet (1608–1666), diplomat and translator, was born in June 1608 at Ware Park, Hertfordshire, and baptized on 12 June, the youngest son of Sir Henry Fanshawe (1569–1616), exchequer official, and his wife, Elizabeth Smythe (1577?–1631). The household into which he was born was on a scale appropriate to a senior royal servant who could trace gentry status back to the medieval ...

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Folger, Peter (1617–1690), interpreter and public official in America, was born in Norwich, the son of John Folger and Meriba Gibbs. Little is known of Folger until 1635, when he and his widower father moved to Massachusetts. During the voyage Folger met Mary Morrill...

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Gilpin, George (d. 1602), diplomat and translator, was the second son of Edwin Gilpin of Kentmere, Westmorland, and Margaret Layton of Dalemain, Cumberland, and the elder brother of Bernard Gilpin (1516–1584). He apparently studied civil law at Malines (Mechelen) in the early 1550s, and converted to protestantism not long thereafter. He is noted as a merchant in the ...

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Hodgson, Brian Houghton (1801?–1894), diplomatist and Nepalese scholar, was born on 1 February 1801, or (less probably) 1800, at Lower Beech, Prestbury, Cheshire, the second of the seven children of Brian Hodgson (1766–1858), country gentleman, and his wife, Catherine (1775/6–1851), daughter of ...

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Honywood, Sir Robert (1601–1686), diplomat and translator, was born on 3 August 1601 at Hollingbourne, Kent, the second of twenty children, and eldest surviving son, of Sir Robert Honywood of Petts Court, Charing, Kent, and Alice Barnham, daughter of Sir Martin Barnham of ...

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Mayne, Richard John (1926–2009), international civil servant, author, and translator, was born on 2 April 1926 at 92 Aldermans Hill, Palmers Green, Middlesex, the only child of John William Mayne (1883–1975), an accountant (and later office manager) for a tobacco manufacturer, and his wife, ...

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See Rassam, Hormuzd

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Rawlinson, Sir Henry Creswicke, first baronet (1810–1895), Assyriologist and diplomatist, was born at Chadlington, Oxfordshire, on 11 April 1810 into a north Lancashire family. He was the second son of Abram Tyzack Rawlinson, a breeder of racehorses, who married Eliza Eudocia Albinia Creswicke...

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Sansom, Sir George Bailey (1883–1965), diplomatist and Japanese scholar, was born at 20 Farrance Street, Limehouse, London, on 28 November 1883, the only son of George William Morgan Sansom, naval architect, of Little Thurrock, Essex, and his wife, Mary Ann Bailey, from Yorkshire...

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Sir George Bailey Sansom (1883–1965) by Walter Stoneman, 1935 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Schindler, Sir Albert Ashershund Houtum- (1846–1916), Persian scholar and employee of the Persian government, was born in Germany on 24 September 1846. No details are known of his family background, early life, or education. Some sources suggest that he was in fact Dutch, though educated at ...

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Stanley, Henry Edward John, third Baron Stanley of Alderley and second Baron Eddisbury (1827–1903), diplomatist and orientalist, born at Alderley Park, Chelford, near Crewe, on 11 July 1827, was the eldest of the ten children of Edward John Stanley, second Baron Stanley of Alderley...