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George Baillie of Jerviswood (1664–1738) by William Aikman, 1717 in a private Scottish collection

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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Francis Basset, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835) by Thomas Gainsborough, c. 1786 in the collection of the Corcoran Gallery of Art, William A. Clark

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Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner, was born at Walcot, Oxfordshire, on 9 August 1757, first-born of two sons and five daughters of Francis Basset (1715–1769), MP and landowner, of Tehidy, Cornwall, and his wife, Margaret...

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Alexander Bruce, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680) by Adriaen Hanneman, c. 1660 The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, K.T.

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Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician, was the second son of Sir George Bruce (d. 1643) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. In 1645 Bruce matriculated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews...

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Burke [de Burgh], Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658), landowner and politician, was the only son of Richard de Burgh, fourth earl of Clanricarde (1572–1635), and his wife, Frances (d. 1632), daughter and heir of Sir Francis Walsingham and widow of Sir Philip Sidney...

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Ulick Burke, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

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T. F. Henderson

Reviser Philip Carter

Calhoun, Patrick (1727–1796), politician and landowner in America, was born in Donegal into a family of Scottish origin. He emigrated to Pennsylvania with his family in 1733, and several years later they moved to the western part of Virginia about 15 miles from the ...

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Campbell family of Cawdor (per. 1511–1821), highland chiefs, landowners, and politicians, provide a rare example of a Campbell family based some distance from Argyll which until the end of the seventeenth century, following the pattern of the clan, remained closely associated with its chief and his affairs. The family was founded by the marriage in 1511 of ...

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See Campbell family of Cawdor

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Carington, Charles Robert Wynn- [formerly Charles Robert Carrington], marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928), politician and landowner, was born in Whitehall, London, on 16 May 1843, the elder son of Robert John Carrington (formerly Smith), second Baron Carrington, and his second wife, Charlotte, younger daughter of ...

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Charles Robert Wynn- Carington, marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928) by Harold Speed, 1909 © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Caulfeild, Toby, first Baron Caulfeild of Charlemont (bap. 1565, d. 1627), soldier, politician, and landowner, was baptized on 2 December 1565 at Great Milton, Oxfordshire, a younger son of Alexander Caulfeild. Nothing is known of his early years or education, but from 1590 he pursued a military career, sailing on ...

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Clinton, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-, fourth duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1785–1851), landowner and politician, was the elder son of Thomas Pelham-Clinton, third duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1752–1795), and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Stanhope (1760–1834), fifth daughter of William Stanhope, second earl of Harrington...

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Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham- Clinton, fourth duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1785–1851) by Henry William Pickersgill, exh. 1835 Palace of Westminster Collection

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See Cotton, Sir Robert Bruce, first baronet

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Francis Thomas de Grey Cowper, seventh Earl Cowper (1834–1905) by unknown lithographer (after Violet Manners, duchess of Rutland, 1894) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cowper, Francis Thomas de Grey, seventh Earl Cowper (1834–1905), politician and landowner, was born on 11 June 1834 in Berkeley Square, London. Styled Viscount Fordwich until he succeeded to his father's title, he was the eldest in the family of two sons and four daughters of ...

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Craufurd, Patrick [Peter], of Auchenames (c. 1704–1778), politician and landowner, was the first surviving son of Patrick Craufurd (d. 1733), a wealthy Edinburgh merchant, and his second wife, Jean (d. 1740), daughter of Archibald Craufurd of Auchenames and Crosbie. The younger ...