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Acworth, George (1534–1581x6), administrator and scholar, was born in London in 1534, the son of Thomas Acworth, a merchant taylor of London, and his wife, Anne. Thomas came from Bedfordshire, where his father, also named George, had been elected knight of the shire for that county in 1529. During his youth ...

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See Select Society

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Ashe, St George (1658–1718), Church of Ireland bishop of Derry and scholar, was born at Castle Strange, co. Roscommon, on 3 March 1658, the second of the three sons of Thomas Ashe, who belonged to a Wiltshire family that had settled in Ireland...

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Babington, Churchill (1821–1889), scholar, was born at Roecliffe, Leicestershire, on 11 March 1821, the only son of Matthew Drake Babington (1788–1851), rector of Thringstone, and his wife, Hannah (d. 1873), daughter of Benjamin Fleetwood Churchill. He was connected with the Macaulay family, and slightly, on his mother's side, with that of the poet ...

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Bacon [née Cooke], Anne, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610), gentlewoman and scholar, was probably born at Gidea Hall, Essex. She was third of the nine children of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), one of the humanist educators who tutored Edward VI, and Anne (...

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Anne Bacon, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610) by unknown artist reproduced by permission of the Earl of Verulam. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Bayly, John (1595/6–1633), scholar and Church of England clergyman, was born in Herefordshire, the eldest son of Lewis Bayly (c. 1575–1631), later bishop of Bangor, and of his first wife, probably called Judith Appleton, and brother of Thomas Bayly (d. c. 1657), also later a clergyman. By 1611 he was an undergraduate at ...

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See Baynton family

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Bekinsau [Beckinsau], John (1499/1500–1559), scholar, was born at Broad Chalk, Wiltshire, the younger of two sons of John Beckinsau of Hartley Wespell, Hampshire. Whether he belonged to an ancient Lancashire family (Becconsall) or to a native Wiltshire family (from Bekinsettle) is debatable, but they were related to the ...

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Bernard, Daniel (d. 1588), Church of England clergyman and scholar, was the son of Thomas Bernard (d. 1582) [see under Bernard, John], and the nephew of John Bernard. He is likely to have had a reformist upbringing since his father, vicar of ...

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Best, Paul (1590–1657), scholar and religious writer, was born in 1590 (before 12 August) probably at Hutton Cranswick, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, the first of the six children of James Best (d. 1617), yeoman farmer, and his first wife, Dorothy (...

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Bodley, Sir Thomas (1545–1613), scholar, diplomat, and founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was born on 2 March 1545 in a house on the corner of High Street and Gandy Street, Exeter, the eldest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), religious radical and publisher, of ...

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Boole [née Everest], Mary (1832–1916), scholar and educationist, was born at Wickwar, Gloucestershire, the elder of the two children of the Revd Thomas Roupell Everest (d. 1855), rector of Wickwar, and his wife, Mary (d. 1895), daughter of Isaac Ryall...

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Henry Bradshaw (1831–1886) by unknown engraver (after Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1881) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bradshaw, Henry (1831–1886), librarian and scholar, the third son and fifth child of Joseph Hoare Bradshaw and Catherine, daughter of Richard Stewart of Ballintoy, co. Antrim, was born at 2 Artillery Place, Finsbury Square, London, on 2 February 1831. His father, a partner in ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Burgess, Henry (1808–1886), Church of England clergyman and scholar, was educated at Stepney College, where he was noted for his ability in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. After ministering to a nonconformist congregation, he joined the Church of England, being ordained deacon in 1850 and priest in 1851. He took the degree of LLD at ...

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Caius, John (1510–1573), scholar and physician, was born at Norwich on 6 October 1510, the son of Robert Caius and Alice, née Wode or Woda. The English form of his name is variously given in archival records but was probably Keys or Kees...

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(Florence Estienne) Meric Casaubon (1599–1671) by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, pubd 1709 (after Adriaen van der Werff) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Casaubon, (Florence Estienne) Meric (1599–1671), scholar and divine, was born on 14 August 1599 in Geneva, the tenth of the seventeen children of Isaac Casaubon (1559–1614), classical scholar and church historian, and his second wife, Florence (1568?–1636), daughter of Henri Estienne. Meric was the most scholarly of ...

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Mildred Cecil, Lady Burghley (1526–1589) attrib. Hans Eworth, c. 1563 The Marquess of Salisbury