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Edward Baines (1774–1848) by John Cochran, pubd 1834 (after Thomas Hargreaves) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baines, Edward (1774–1848), newspaper proprietor, politician, and historian, was born at Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, Lancashire, on 5 February 1774, the second son of Richard Baines (d. 1811) and his wife, Jane (née Chew). Richard Baines, who was born near Ripon and came from a farming family, had moved to ...

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Bellings, Richard (c. 1603–1677), politician and historian, was the eldest son of Sir Henry Bellings, landowner, of Kilessin, and his wife, Maud. The Bellings were an established Old English family with extensive landholdings, estimated in the 1660s to amount to almost 5000 acres...

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James Bryce, Viscount Bryce (1838–1922) by George Charles Beresford, 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bryce, James, Viscount Bryce (1838–1922), jurist, historian, and politician, was born in Arthur Street, Belfast, on 10 May 1838, the eldest son of James Bryce (1806–1877), schoolteacher and geologist.

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Butler, Sir (George) Geoffrey Gilbert (1887–1929), historian and politician, was born at 55 Harrington Gardens, Kensington, London, on 15 August 1887, the ninth son of Spencer Perceval Butler, conveyancing counsel of Lincoln's Inn, and his wife, Mary Kendall. He belonged to a distinguished academic family: he was a nephew of ...

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Cust, Sir Edward, baronet (1794–1878), army officer, historian, and politician, sixth son of Brownlow Cust, first Baron Brownlow (1744–1807), and his second wife, Frances (1756–1847), née Bankes, and brother of John Cust, first Earl Brownlow, was born at 30 Hill Street, Berkeley Square, London...

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Dell, Edmund Emanuel (1921–1999), historian and politician, was born on 15 August 1921 at 288 Amhurst Road, Hackney, London, the third of the three gifted children of Reuben Dell, formerly Deligtisch, a manufacturer of carnival goods, and his wife, Frances (Fanny), née Wahl...

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Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher (1865–1940) by Olive Edis, c. 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Edmond George Petty- Fitzmaurice, Baron Fitzmaurice (1846–1935) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1899 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fitzmaurice, Edmond George Petty- [known as Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice], Baron Fitzmaurice (1846–1935), politician and historian, was born on 19 June 1846 at Lansdowne House, Berkeley Square, London, the second son of Henry Thomas Petty-Fitzmaurice, earl of Shelburne, later fourth marquess of Lansdowne...

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Ian Hedworth John Little Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar (1926–2007) by unknown phootgrapher, 1974 © Photoshot

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Gilmour, Ian Hedworth John Little, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar (1926–2007), politician and author, was born Ian Hedworth Gilmour on 8 July 1926 at 16 Devonshire Terrace, London, the only son (there was an older daughter) of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Little Gilmour, second baronet...

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George Grote (1794–1871) by Herbert Watkins, 1857 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Grote, George (1794–1871), historian and politician, was born on 17 November 1794 at Clay Hill, near Beckenham, Kent, the eldest of the eleven children of George Grote (1762–1830), banker, and Selina Mary Peckwell (1775–1845), daughter of the Revd Henry Peckwell and his wife, ...

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Edward Hyde, first earl of Clarendon (1609–1674) after Adriaen Hanneman, c. 1648–55 private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hyde, Edward, first earl of Clarendon (1609–1674), politician and historian, was born on 18 February 1609 at Dinton, Wiltshire, and baptized there on 22 February, the sixth of the nine children of Henry Hyde (c.1563–1634), gentleman, and his wife, Mary (...

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Hyde, Harford Montgomery [H. Montgomery Hyde] (1907–1989), politician and historian, was born on 14 August 1907 at Ranelagh, Malone Road, Belfast, the son of James Johnstone Hyde JP, linen merchant, and his wife, Isobel Greenfield, née Montgomery. He was later very proud of the part played by his family in developing the ...

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Sir Robert Vidal Rhodes James (1933–1999) by Douglas Anderson, 1993 Douglas Anderson RP

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James, Sir Robert Vidal Rhodes (1933–1999), historian and politician, was born in India on 10 April 1933, the youngest of four sons and five children of Lieutenant-Colonel William Rhodes James, army officer, and his wife, Violet, née Swinhoe. His uncle was Montague Rhodes James...