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Beddoe, John (1826–1911), physician and anthropologist, was born in Bewdley, Worcestershire, on 21 September 1826, the son of John Beddoe JP, a merchant, and Emma, daughter of Henry Barrer Child of Bewdley. Educated at Bridgnorth School, he studied medicine at University College, London...

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Buck, Sir Peter Henry [called Te Rangi Hiroa] (1877?–1951), anthropologist and physician, was born in Urenui, Taranaki province, New Zealand. There is uncertainty over his birth date since it was not registered. Buck believed that he was born in 1880, but October 1877, the date recorded in his primary school register, is probably more accurate. His father, ...

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Hunt, James (1833–1869), speech therapist and anthropologist, was born at Godlingston Manor, Swanage, Dorset, the son of Thomas Hunt (1802–1851), a tenant farmer and speech therapist, and his wife, Mary (1805/6–1855). Nothing is known of his education except that he was trained by his father in the art of curing stammering through breathing exercises, muscle control, and building a patient's confidence, the subject of his ...

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Maker: David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson

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Robert Knox (1791–1862) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Knox, Robert (1791–1862), anatomist and ethnologist, descended from a family of Kirkcudbright tenant farmers who claimed kinship with the ancient family of Ranfurly in Renfrewshire, which included the reformer John Knox, was the eighth child and fifth son of Robert Knox (d...

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Layard, John Willoughby (1891–1974), anthropologist and psychologist, was born on 27 November 1891 at 68 Palace Garden Terrace, Kensington, London, the second surviving child and first surviving son of George Somes Layard (1857–1925), a barrister and author, and his wife, Eleanor Byng, née...

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Prichard, James Cowles (1786–1848), physician and ethnologist, was born on 11 February 1786 in Ross-on-Wye, Herefordshire, the eldest child of Thomas Prichard (1765–1843), a businessman in the iron trade whose ancestors had emigrated from Ireland in 1688, and his wife, Mary Lewis (1763–1794)...

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William Halse Rivers Rivers (1864–1922) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Rivers, William Halse Rivers (1864–1922), psychologist and anthropologist, was born on 12 March 1864 at Constitution Hill, Chatham, Kent, the eldest in the family of two sons and two daughters of Henry Frederick Rivers (1830–1911), curate, and his wife, Elizabeth Hunt. Family tradition claims that he was a descendant of ...

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Shortland, Edward (1812–1893), physician and ethnographer in New Zealand, born at Courtlands, near Lympstone, Devon, and baptized at Charles, Devon, on 19 May 1812, was the third son of Captain Thomas George Shortland, of Courtlands, and his wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of Peter Tonkin...

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Smith, Sir Grafton Elliot (1871–1937), anatomist and anthropologist, was born on 15 August 1871 in Grafton, New South Wales, second son of Stephen Sheldrick Smith, an English schoolmaster at Grafton, and his wife, Mary Jane, née Evans, of Sydney. He was educated at ...

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A. R. Urquhart

revised by Nick Hervey

Thurnam, John (1810–1873), psychiatrist and ethnologist, was born on 28 December 1810 at Lingcroft, near York, the son of William Thurnam, manufacturer, and his wife, Sarah Clark. He belonged to a Quaker family. After a private education, which included study in London at ...

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Joseph Sidney Weiner (1915–1982) by unknown photographer, early 1970s Institute of Biological Anthropology

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Weiner, Joseph Sidney (1915–1982), human biologist and environmental physiologist, was born on 29 June 1915 at Nourse Mines in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa, the second of the seven children of Robert Weiner (1885–1966), general dealer, and his wife Fanny (Chana), née Simon (1896–1978)...