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Bignold, Thomas (1761–1835), founder of the Norwich Union insurance company, was born in Westerham in Kent, the second of the eight surviving children of John Bignold (c.1734–1795), a prosperous tenant farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Outram, also of Westerham. It is not known where he attended school, but he was sufficiently well educated to become an exciseman before moving to ...

Article

G. J. Gray

revised by Anita McConnell

Dodson, James (c. 1705–1757), mathematician and actuary, was the son of John Dodson (b. 1675), citizen and freeman of the Merchant Taylors' Company, and his wife, Elizabeth, who died shortly after his birth. His grandfather, also John Dodson, was a tailor of ...

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Eden, Sir Frederick Morton, second baronet (1766–1809), insurance company manager and writer on the state of the poor, was born at Ashtead, Surrey, the eldest son of Sir Robert Eden (created a baronet in 1776), governor of Maryland, and grandson of Sir Robert Eden, ...

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Edmonds, Thomas Rowe (1803–1889), actuary and political economist, was born on 20 June 1803 in Penzance, the third of seven children of Richard Edmonds (1774–1860), solicitor, and town clerk of Marazion, Cornwall, and his wife, Elizabeth (1770–1840), daughter of Thomas Nicholas and his wife, ...

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Frend, William (1757–1841), religious writer and actuary, was born on 22 November 1757 at Canterbury, the second son of George Frend, wine merchant, alderman, and twice mayor of the city, and his wife, Catherine (d. 1763). His mother died when he was five years old, and his father married, on 25 September 1764, ...

Image

William Frend (1757–1841) by A. Birrell, pubd 1793 (after Sylvester Harding, 1789) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Goobey, George Henry Ross (1911–1999), pension fund manager, was born at 42 Blair Street, Poplar, London, on 21 May 1911, the younger son and third child of Herbert Goobey, a shopkeeper and Primitive Methodist lay preacher, and his wife, Elizabeth Ross. An adept pupil at elementary school, he was encouraged by a local ...

Article

Green, Sir Peter James Frederick (1924–1996), insurance underwriter, was born at 1 Priory Grove, Kensington, London, on 28 July 1924, the elder son of John Everard Green (1899–1966), a prominent marine insurer at Lloyds who later changed his second forename to Edward, but was universally known as ...

Article

Harben, Sir Henry (1823–1911), insurance company manager, was born on 24 August 1823 in Bloomsbury, London, the eldest of four surviving children of Henry Harben (1793–1868), wholesale cheesemonger of Bloomsbury, and Sarah (1798–1870), daughter of Benjamin da Costa Andrade, a Whitechapel merchant of Portuguese Jewish descent. The family claimed ancestry from one ...

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Heath, Cuthbert Eden (1859–1939), underwriter and insurance broker, was born on 23 March 1859 at Forest Lodge, near Southampton, the fourth of the seven children of Captain Leopold George Heath RN (1817–1907), and his wife, Mary Emma, née Marsh. His father had a brilliant naval career, being knighted in 1868 and promoted to rear-admiral in 1871. ...

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Jones, Jenkin (1779–1837), insurance company manager, was the son of Jenkin Jones and Sophia Jones (d. 1823) of Molesey, Surrey. In 1792, at the age of twelve, he joined the staff of the Phoenix Fire Office, Britain's second largest fire insurer, and the world's leading insurance exporter, and rose rapidly through the clerical ranks to become assistant secretary in 1802. In 1805, aged only twenty-five, he was appointed secretary to the company. He became assistant director in 1833....

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Layborn, Thomas Alec Edwin (1898–1984), life-assurance and pensions consultant, was born on 30 November 1898 at 57 St Mary's Grove, Chiswick, Middlesex, the son of William Edwin Layborn, a wine merchant, and his wife, Mary Ellen, née Stevens. He was educated at Latymer Upper School...

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Manton, Sir Edwin Alfred Grenville (1909–2005), insurance underwriter, art collector, and philanthropist, was born on 22 January 1909 at Burrows Road, Earls Colne, Essex, the eldest of three children of John Horace Manton, bank clerk, later bank manager, and his wife, Emily Clara, ...

Article

G. Le G. Norgate

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

McArthur, Charles (1844–1910), politician and writer on marine insurance, born at Kingsdown, Bristol, in May 1844, was the son of Charles McArthur of Port Glasgow and his wife, Harriet. Educated at Bristol grammar school, McArthur entered the Liverpool office of North, Ewing & Co....

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Miller, Sir Francis Norie-, first baronet (1859–1947), insurance company manager, was born on 11 March 1859 at Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, the son of Henry Miller, chief of the statistical department, HM customs, and his wife, Ann Alexander Norie, who was of Scottish birth. He was educated privately and trained for the law, but instead began his insurance career in the ...