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Article

Cornelius Walford

revised by Robert Brown

Baylis, Thomas Hutchinson (1823–1876), insurance company manager, was the son of Edward Baylis (1791–1861), also an insurance company manager, and his wife, Ellen Maria. Little is known about his early life, but he began as a clerk in the Anchor insurance office, one of his father's companies. In 1850 he became manager of the ...

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Bignold, Thomas (1761–1835), founder of the Norwich Union insurance company, was born in Westerham in Kent, the second of the eight surviving children of John Bignold (c.1734–1795), a prosperous tenant farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Outram, also of Westerham. It is not known where he attended school, but he was sufficiently well educated to become an exciseman before moving to ...

Article

Boult, Swinton (1808–1876), insurance company manager, was born on 3 December 1808 in Liverpool, one of several children of Francis Boult, a Unitarian shipowner, and his wife, Anne, née Swanwick. While his father was fairly prominent in Liverpool, and a founder of the town's ...

Article

Cornelius Walford

revised by Robert Brown

Brown, Samuel (1811–1875), actuary and statistician, was born in London on 24 March 1811, the second son in the family of five sons and two daughters of John Aquila Brown (d. 1830), a silversmith, and his wife, Ann Eliza, née Truss (...

Article

Cleghorn, James (1778–1838), actuary and author, was born at Duns, Berwickshire. Although lame from birth, he was for some time a farmer, but in 1811 he moved to Edinburgh where he edited the Farmer's Magazine. In 1817 William Blackwood appointed Cleghorn and Thomas Pringle...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by Robert Brown

Davies, Griffith (1788–1855), actuary, son of Owen Davies (1761–1854), farmer and quarryman, and his wife, Mary William, was born at Tŷ Croes, at the foot of Cilgwyn Mountain, in the parish of Llandwrog, Caernarvonshire, on 28 December 1788. He was taught to read and spell in Welsh at the ...

Article

Deuchar, John James Walker (1851–1911), actuary and insurance company manager, was born on 24 September 1851 in Edinburgh, the youngest of five sons of John Deuchar (1786–1863), lecturer in chemistry at Edinburgh University, and his wife, Jane, daughter of James Walker, a publisher in ...

Article

G. J. Gray

revised by Anita McConnell

Dodson, James (c. 1705–1757), mathematician and actuary, was the son of John Dodson (b. 1675), citizen and freeman of the Merchant Taylors' Company, and his wife, Elizabeth, who died shortly after his birth. His grandfather, also John Dodson, was a tailor of ...

Article

Eden, Sir Frederick Morton, second baronet (1766–1809), insurance company manager and writer on the state of the poor, was born at Ashtead, Surrey, the eldest son of Sir Robert Eden (created a baronet in 1776), governor of Maryland, and grandson of Sir Robert Eden, ...

Article

Edmonds, Thomas Rowe (1803–1889), actuary and political economist, was born on 20 June 1803 in Penzance, the third of seven children of Richard Edmonds (1774–1860), solicitor, and town clerk of Marazion, Cornwall, and his wife, Elizabeth (1770–1840), daughter of Thomas Nicholas and his wife, ...

Image

William Frend (1757–1841) by A. Birrell, pubd 1793 (after Sylvester Harding, 1789) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Frend, William (1757–1841), religious writer and actuary, was born on 22 November 1757 at Canterbury, the second son of George Frend, wine merchant, alderman, and twice mayor of the city, and his wife, Catherine (d. 1763). His mother died when he was five years old, and his father married, on 25 September 1764, ...

Article

Goobey, George Henry Ross (1911–1999), pension fund manager, was born at 42 Blair Street, Poplar, London, on 21 May 1911, the younger son and third child of Herbert Goobey, a shopkeeper and Primitive Methodist lay preacher, and his wife, Elizabeth Ross. An adept pupil at elementary school, he was encouraged by a local ...

Article

Gray, Peter (1807/8–1887), actuary and mathematician, was born at Aberdeen. Little is known about his origins, but he was educated at Gordon's Hospital (subsequently Gordon's College) and at Aberdeen University for two years. He developed a passion for mathematics and, in order to assist the work of a friend, took a special interest in the study of life contingencies. This led to honorary membership of the ...

Article

Green, Sir Peter James Frederick (1924–1996), insurance underwriter, was born at 1 Priory Grove, Kensington, London, on 28 July 1924, the elder son of John Everard Green (1899–1966), a prominent marine insurer at Lloyds who later changed his second forename to Edward, but was universally known as ...

Article

Harben, Sir Henry (1823–1911), insurance company manager, was born on 24 August 1823 in Bloomsbury, London, the eldest of four surviving children of Henry Harben (1793–1868), wholesale cheesemonger of Bloomsbury, and Sarah (1798–1870), daughter of Benjamin da Costa Andrade, a Whitechapel merchant of Portuguese Jewish descent. The family claimed ancestry from one ...

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Heath, Cuthbert Eden (1859–1939), underwriter and insurance broker, was born on 23 March 1859 at Forest Lodge, near Southampton, the fourth of the seven children of Captain Leopold George Heath RN (1817–1907), and his wife, Mary Emma, née Marsh. His father had a brilliant naval career, being knighted in 1868 and promoted to rear-admiral in 1871. ...

Article

Jones, Jenkin (1779–1837), insurance company manager, was the son of Jenkin Jones and Sophia Jones (d. 1823) of Molesey, Surrey. In 1792, at the age of twelve, he joined the staff of the Phoenix Fire Office, Britain's second largest fire insurer, and the world's leading insurance exporter, and rose rapidly through the clerical ranks to become assistant secretary in 1802. In 1805, aged only twenty-five, he was appointed secretary to the company. He became assistant director in 1833....

Article

Layborn, Thomas Alec Edwin (1898–1984), life-assurance and pensions consultant, was born on 30 November 1898 at 57 St Mary's Grove, Chiswick, Middlesex, the son of William Edwin Layborn, a wine merchant, and his wife, Mary Ellen, née Stevens. He was educated at Latymer Upper School...

Article

Manton, Sir Edwin Alfred Grenville (1909–2005), insurance underwriter, art collector, and philanthropist, was born on 22 January 1909 at Burrows Road, Earls Colne, Essex, the eldest of three children of John Horace Manton, bank clerk, later bank manager, and his wife, Emily Clara, ...