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Cass, Frank (1930–2007), publisher, was born on 11 July 1930 at 31 Leweston Place, Stamford Hill, London, the son of Simon (Sid) Cass (1891/2–1959), cabinet manufacturer, and his wife, Fanny, née Greenwich (1900–1985). His parents were Jewish immigrants, from Russian Poland. His career as a publisher arose from a love of books that he discovered as a child while attending ...

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Deutsch, André (1917–2000), publisher, was born on 15 November 1917 in Budapest, Hungary, the only child of Bruno Deutsch, dental surgeon, and his wife, Maria, née Havas. His father was Jewish and his mother partly so. Deutsch was educated at various schools in ...

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André Deutsch (1917–2000) by Leonard Rosoman, 1987 © Leonard Henry Rosoman; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Elias, Julius Salter, Viscount Southwood (1873–1946), printer and newspaper proprietor, was born in Birmingham on 5 January 1873, youngest of seven children of David Elias, a Whitby jet merchant, and his wife, Esther Jones (d. 1907). The failure of his father's business forced a move to ...

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Gollancz, Sir Victor (1893–1967), publisher and writer, was born on 9 April 1893 at 256 Elgin Avenue, Maida Vale, London, the youngest of the three children of Alexander Gollancz (1854–1933) and his wife, Helena Michaelson. His father, a jeweller of Polish descent, was the brother of ...

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Sir Victor Gollancz (1893–1967) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Harari [née Benenson], Manya (1905–1969), publisher and translator, was born at Baku, Russia, on 8 April 1905, the fourth child and youngest daughter of Grigory Benenson, a Jewish financier, and his wife, Sophie Goldberg. While Benenson amassed an enormous fortune Manya's childhood was spent amid the opulence of a rented top floor of ...

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James, Richard Leon [Dick] [formerly Isaac Vapnik] (1920–1986), music publisher, was born on 12 December 1920 at 1 Underwood Street, Mile End New Town, Spitalfields, London, the son of Morris Vapnik, master butcher, and his wife, Annie, née Puff. Three years after leaving school at fourteen he became a professional vocalist by joining ...

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(Ian) Robert Maxwell (1923–1991) by Ida Kar, c. 1960 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Maxwell, (Ian) Robert (1923–1991), publisher and swindler, was born on 10 June 1923 in Synagogue Street, Slatinske Doly (Szlatina), a village in Czechoslovakia on a disputed frontier with Romania. He was one of seven children of Mehel Hoch (1887–1942?), agricultural labourer, and Chanca (...

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Neurath [née Itzig], Eva Urvasi (1908–1999), publisher, was born in Berlin on 22 August 1908, the youngest of five daughters of Rudolf Itzig, a Jewish clothier, who, after suffering from a breakdown, died when she was eight. Her mother, an art gallery proprietor who greatly influenced her, then married a solicitor called ...

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Sadie, Stanley John (1930–2005), musicologist and music critic, was born on 30 October 1930 at 57 Forty Avenue, Wembley, the only son of David Sadie, a silk manufacturer's agent, and his wife, Deborah, née Simons; he had one older sister. He was of Jewish descent. He was educated at ...

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Samuel, Howard (1914–1961), property developer and publisher, was born on 2 February 1914 at 1 Maisemore Mansions, Canfield Gardens, Hampstead, London, one of at least two sons of Henry Samuel, jeweller, and his wife, Grace Jacobs. He was educated at St Paul's School...

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Tuck, Raphael (1821–1900), art publisher, was born into a Jewish family in Germany. He came to England as a young man at a time when both Jews and gentiles from Germany were settling abroad, bringing with him his German wife, Ernestine, three years his junior, and his children, including four sons, ...

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Warburg, Fredric John (1898–1981), publisher, was born at 117 Gloucester Terrace, Paddington, London, on 27 November 1898, the only son of the three children of Jewish parents, John Cimon Warburg (1867–1931), amateur photographer, and his wife, Violet Amalia, née Sichel (1868–1925), who was born in ...

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Woolf, Leonard Sidney (1880–1969), author and publisher, was born on 25 November 1880 in Kensington, London, the third of ten children of Sidney Woolf QC (1844–1892) and his wife, Marie de Jongh (1848–1939). He was brought up in Reform Judaism, became an atheist in his teens, and remained sceptical about the religious temperament. Some of his earlier writing depicts antisemitism, but ...

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Leonard Sidney Woolf (1880–1969) by Vanessa Bell, 1940 © National Portrait Gallery, London