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Akenside, Mark (1721–1770), poet and physician, was born on 9 November 1721 in Butcher Bank, St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne, the sixth of seven children of Mark Akenside (b. 1676), butcher, and his wife, Mary (1685–1760), daughter of William Lumsden. He was baptized on 30 November in the nonconformist meeting-house which his parents attended in ...

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Mark Akenside (1721–1770) by Edward Fisher, 1772 (after Arthur Pond, 1754) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrews, Richard (bap. 1575, d. 1634), physician and poet, was baptized on 31 July 1575 at St Leonard Eastcheap, London, the second son of William Andrews (d. 1588), twice joint warden of the Butchers' Company, and his wife, Elizabeth Harrison, of the same parish. From ...

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Armstrong, John (1708/9–1779), physician and poet, was born in late 1708 or early 1709 at Castleton, Roxburghshire, the eldest son and third child of Robert Armstrong (1661–1732), Presbyterian minister, and his second wife, Christian, née Mowatt (1675–1753). John matriculated at the College of Edinburgh...

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Bakewell, Thomas (1761–1835), mad-doctor and poet, was born on 1 June 1761 at Kingstone, near Uttoxeter, in Staffordshire. He was raised by his maternal grandfather, John Chadwick, who kept a private mad-house at Grindon in the Peak District. Chadwick moved to Ashbourne in ...

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Baynard, Edward (1641?–1717), physician and poet, was probably born in 1641, possibly in Preston, Lancashire. His parentage and schooling are somewhat obscure, but Jeremy Collier states that he was the second son of one Edward Baynard. Collier traced the family line back to the Norman conquest, and ...

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P. B. Austin

revised by Patrick Wallis

Beattie, William (1793–1875), physician and poet, was born at Dalton, Annandale, and baptized there on 23 February 1793, the son of James Beattie (d. 1809), architect, surveyor, and builder, and his wife, Janet. The family had been settled in Dumfriesshire for several generations and, aged fourteen, ...

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Bowden, Samuel (fl. 1733–1761), physician and poet, of Frome, Somerset, the dates of whose birth and death are not known, was the author of two volumes of poetry, Poetical Essays on Several Occasions (2 vols., 1733, 1735) and Poems on Various Subjects. With some Essays in Prose, and a Treatise on Health...

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Cotton, Nathaniel (1705–1788), poet and physician, was born in London to Samuel Cotton, a Levant merchant. No record of his birth survives, although a Nathaniel Cotton, son of Samuel and Mary Cotton, was baptized on 12 March 1706 in Bull Lane Independent Chapel, Stepney...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by Sarah Couper

Couper, Robert (1750–1818), poet and physician, was the son of a farmer at Balsier, in the parish of Sorbie, Wigtownshire. He was born on 22 September 1750, and entered the University of Glasgow in 1769 to study for the ministry of the Church of Scotland...

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Downman, Hugh (1740–1809), physician and poet, son of Hugh Downman (d. 1789), of Newton St Cyres, Exeter, and his wife, Anne, was born on 7 February 1740 at Alphington, near Exeter. He was educated at Exeter Free Grammar School and entered Balliol College, Oxford...

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Drennan, William (1754–1820), physician, poet, and political reformer, was born in Belfast on 23 May 1754, the child of the Revd Thomas Drennan (1696–1768) and his wife, Anne, née Lennox (1719–1806). Of Thomas Drennan, the minister of Belfast's First Presbyterian Congregation...

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See Drope, Francis

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Drummond [formerly Drumm], William Henry (1854–1907), poet and physician in Canada, was born on 13 April 1854 near Mohill, near Carrick-on-Shannon, co. Leitrim, Ireland, the eldest of the four sons of George Drumm (d. 1866), an officer in the Royal Irish Constabulary...

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Fryer [Frere], John (b. c. 1526, d. in or after 1571), physician and poet, was born in Godmanchester, Huntingdonshire. Little is known of his family, but he may have had a brother Thomas of similar age. There were still Freres in Godmanchester many years later, for in 1604 a ...

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Garth, Sir Samuel (1660/61–1719), physician and poet, was the eldest son of William Garth of Bolam, co. Durham. He was educated at Ingleton, near Staindrop, co. Durham, and in 1676 was admitted to Peterhouse, Cambridge, where he proceeded BA in 1679 and MA in 1684. On 4 September 1687 he matriculated in physic at ...

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Sir Samuel Garth (1660/6161–1719) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1705–10 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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W. F. Wentworth-Shields

revised by Patrick Wallis

Gibbs, James (bap. 1673, d. 1724), physician and poet, son of James Gibbs, vicar of Gorran in Cornwall, and his wife, Mary, was baptized at Gorran on 16 June 1673. He was a student of Exeter College, Oxford. In a letter to Archbishop Tenison...

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Graile, Edmund (1575/6–1643), poet and physician, was born at Wotton under Edge, Gloucestershire, according to a deposition dated 12 October 1640 (in which he gave his age as sixty-four). He was the eldest son of Thomas Graile (d. 1608), a yeoman with extensive land-holdings in ...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by Caroline Overy

Grainger, James (1721x4–1766), physician and poet, was born at Duns, Berwickshire, between 1721 and 1724, the son, from the second marriage, of John Grainger of Houghton Hall, Cumberland, who, in consequence of some unsuccessful mining speculations, and, it is said, his Jacobite leanings in 1715, was forced to sell his estate, and take a post in the excise at ...