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Birch, Thomas (1705–1766), compiler of histories and biographer, was born on 23 November 1705 at Clerkenwell, the eighth of ten children of Joseph Birch (c.1667–1730) and his wife, Rebecca (d. 1746). In 1700 his parents had moved from Birmingham to ...

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Churchman, John (1705–1775), Quaker minister and journal writer, was born on 4 August 1705 at Nottingham, Chester county, Pennsylvania, the son of John Churchman (d. 1724), farmer, and his wife, Hannah, née Cerie. He was a lifelong resident of Nottingham and deeply involved with the ...

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Corder, Susanna (1787–1864), biographer, was born in Stoke Newington, Middlesex, the daughter of John Corder and Ruth Marriage, both Quakers. A delicate child, she was educated from 1797 to 1799 at Ackworth School in Yorkshire. About the age of twenty, after a period of spiritual depression, she experienced a deepening of her religious commitment. She nursed her mother devotedly until her death, after which she decided to pursue a career in teaching, to which she had long felt called. From 1817 to 1824 she taught at a school at ...

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Davies, Richard (bap. 1635, d. 1708), Quaker preacher and autobiographer, was baptized on 22 March 1635 at Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, the son of Edward Davies. The name of his mother is unknown.

Richard Davies's parents had a small estate and he was given 'a little learning' (...

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Duncon, Samuel (1607–1680), haberdasher and pamphleteer, was the second son of John Duncon of Mendlesham, Suffolk; details of his place of birth and of his mother are unknown. In 1624 he was apprenticed to Edmund Kene, an Ipswich merchant and portman, or chief burgess. ...

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Fox, Caroline (1819–1871), diarist, was born at Penjerrick, near Falmouth, Cornwall, on 24 May 1819, the second daughter of Robert Were Fox (1789–1877), mineralogist, of Penjerrick, and his wife, Maria Barclay (1786–1858), daughter of Robert Barclay of Bury Hall, Surrey. She was educated privately on a plan of her parents and a tutor that included science and a modern language as well as visits to the locality, which are recorded in her earliest journal. With her brother and sister she played a part in the foundation of ...

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Gomeldon [née Middleton], Jane (d. in or before 1780), poet and essayist, was born near Newcastle upon Tyne into the Middletons, a prominent local Quaker family. While still very young she married Captain Francis Gomeldon (d. 1751), a well-connected officer in ...

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Hardy [née Raven], Mary (1733–1809), diarist, was born on 12 November 1733 at Whissonsett, near Fakenham, Norfolk, the second daughter of Robert Raven (1706–1778), a grocer and maltster and later a farmer, and his wife, Mary Fox (d. 1751). She was probably educated at a school in ...

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G. C. Boase

revised by Charles Brayne

Harford, John Scandrett (1787–1866), biographer, was born at Bristol on 8 October 1787, the second son of the banker and manufacturer John Scandrett Harford (1754–1815) [see Harford family] of Blaise Castle, Henbury, Gloucestershire, and Mary (d. 1830), daughter of Abraham Gray...

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Hayes [other married name Smith], Alice (1657–1720), Quaker preacher and autobiographer, was born at Rickmansworth in Hertfordshire, the daughter of 'honest parents', whose names are unknown but who brought her up as a member of the Church of England (Hayes, 3...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by D. N. Farr

Hodgson, John (1617/18–1684?), army officer and autobiographer, was a native of Yorkshire. He took up arms for parliament in late 1642 and began his military service as ensign in the regiment of Colonel Forbes. He fought under Sir Thomas Fairfax and was badly wounded in the defeat at ...

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Hopwood [née Skene], D. Caroline (d. in or before 1801), autobiographer and schoolmistress, was the youngest of three children of a Scottish army lieutenant named Skene and his wife, the daughter of Dr Law of Carlisle, 'a woman of good natural abilities … a liberal education and a religious turn of mind' (...

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Kelsall, John (1683–1743), Quaker minister and diarist, the son of John Kelsall (1650–c.1684), a tailor and later proprietor of an ale house, and Elizabeth, née Cragg (1660–c.1685), was born at Hart Street, near Covent Garden, London, on 18 September 1683. His parents died soon after, and with ...

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E. V. Knox

revised by Katharine Chubbuck

Lucas, Edward Verrall (1868–1938), essayist and biographer, was born at the Villa Stresa in Wellington Road, Eltham, Kent, on 12 June 1868, the second son of the four sons and three daughters of Alfred Lucas (1841–1895) of Sussex, agent for insurance companies and building societies and formerly a woollen merchant, and his wife, ...

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Edward Verrall Lucas (1868–1938) by Howard Coster, 1931 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mather, William (fl. 1657–1708), pamphleteer and schoolmaster, was born in Bedford. Nothing is known about his family, other than that his grandfather was a mayor of Hull. Appointed a surveyor of highways, Mather trained as a schoolmaster, and kept a private school in ...

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Pearson [née Sibson], Jane (1735?–1816), Quaker minister and autobiographer, was born at Newtown, near Carlisle, one of the four children of Jonathan and Jane Sibson. Her posthumously assembled and published autobiography, Sketches of piety, in the life and religious experiences of Jane Pearson extracted from her own memorandum...

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Salter, John Henry (1862–1942), naturalist and diarist, was born on 5 June 1862 at Westleton, Suffolk, the son of William Henry Salter (d. 1869/70) and his wife Lucy, formerly Appleton. His Quaker parents were shopkeepers. He had one brother, William. His father died when he was seven, and the family then moved to ...

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See Scott, John

Article

Stephenson, Sarah (1738–1802), Quaker minister and autobiographer, was born in Whitehaven, Cumberland, the elder daughter and first of three children of Daniel Stephenson and Sarah Storrs. The only source of information about her life, Memoirs of the Life and Travels in the Service of the Gospel of Sarah Stephenson...