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Thompson Cooper

revised by M. Clare Loughlin-Chow

Blackwell, John [pseud. Alun] (1797–1840), Welsh-language poet and writer, was born at Ponterwyl, Mold, Flintshire, the son of Peter Blackwell, collier, and his wife, Mary. He received no formal education, and at the age of eleven he was apprenticed as a shoemaker with ...

Article

See Gogynfeirdd

Article

Bowen, Euros (1904–1988), Church in Wales clergyman and Welsh-language poet, was born on 12 September 1904 at 112 High Street, Treorci, Rhondda, the second of the seven children of the Revd Thomas Bowen (1882–1948), a miner who had become a Congregational minister, and his wife, ...

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Clidro, Robin (fl. 1547), Welsh-language poet and minstrel, lived near Ruthin, Denbighshire. Although his surname suggests that he was of English extraction, persons bearing the name Cliderowe had lived in the area from the early part of the fourteenth century.

Although little is known of ...

Article

Cynwal, Wiliam (d. 1587/8), Welsh-language poet, the eldest son of John ap Dafydd ap Hywel and his wife, Lowri, daughter of John ap Robert Palcws. He lived at Ysbyty Ifan, Denbighshire, where he combined farming with his profession as a bard; his home in 1567 was ...

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Cywyddwyr (act. c. 1330–c. 1650), Welsh-language poets, active from the late middle ages, are distinguished by their use of the cywydd as their principal metrical form.

The origins of the cywydd metre are uncertain, but it seems likely that it belonged to the domain of popular song before it was adopted by bardic poets in the second quarter of the fourteenth century, when it was given its strict form of couplets consisting of seven-syllable lines rhyming on stressed and unstressed syllables alternately, each line containing one of the elaborate harmonies of ...

Article

R. Geraint Gruffydd

In 

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Article

Davies, Margaret [Marged Dafydd] (c. 1700–1785?), Welsh-language poet and copyist, was the daughter of Dafydd or David Evans (d. 1729) of Coetgae-du, Trawsfynydd, Meirioneth, and his wife, Ann Dafydd (c.1664–1726). Little is known about the early life of Margaret Davies...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by M. Clare Loughlin-Chow

Davies, Robert [pseud. Bardd Nantglyn] (1769–1835), Welsh-language poet, was born in the parish of Nantglyn, Denbighshire. He was a tailor by trade, and for four years (1800–04) lived in London, where he filled at intervals the offices of bard and secretary to the ...

Article

Dwnn, Lewys [Lewys ap Rhys ab Owain] (b. c. 1545, d. in or after 1616), Welsh-language poet and herald, was the son of Rhys ab Owain; he took the surname Dwnn from his mother, Katherine, daughter of Rhys Goch Dwnn of Gwestydd, Llanllwchaearn, Montgomeryshire...

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Edward Dafydd [Edward David] (c. 1602–1678?), Welsh poet, lived in Margam in Glamorgan. Apart from his poems little is known of his life. There are a few sparse references in the records of the Margam estate and parish but even these are sometimes uncertain since at least one other person of the same name lived there during this period. One reference in Penrice and Margam MS 1282 would seem to place his date of birth ...

Article

R. M. J. Jones

revised by M. Clare Loughlin-Chow

Edwards, John [Siôn Ceiriog] (1747–1792), Welsh-language poet, was born at Crogenwladus in Glynceiriog, Denbighshire. As a young man he went to London, where he became acquainted with Owen Jones (Myfyr) and Robert Hughes (Robin Ddu o Fôn); together the three men founded Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion...

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Edwards, John [pseud. Siôn y Potiau] (bap. 1699?, d. 1776), Welsh-language poet, may have been the son of Edward Jones who was baptized in the church of Llansanffraid Glynceiriog, Denbighshire, on 27 December 1699. Siôn reputedly abandoned his calling as a weaver, and spent seven years in ...

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Evans, Evan [Ieuan Glan Geirionydd] (1795–1855), Welsh-language poet, was born at Tan-y-celyn in Trefriw, Caernarvonshire, on 20 April 1795. His father, Robert Evans, a farmer, and his mother, Elizabeth Evans, were people of some culture and literate in both Welsh and English; they were among the founders of Calvinistic Methodism in ...

Article

R. M. J. Jones

revised by M. Clare Loughlin-Chow

Evans, Thomas [pseud. Telynog] (1840–1865), Welsh-language poet, was born at Cardigan on 8 September 1840, the son of Thomas Evans, ship carpenter. His early education was very rudimentary. At the age of eleven he was apprenticed on a coasting vessel, but his treatment was so bad that he ran away to ...

Article

Gogynfeirdd (act. c. 1080–1285), Welsh-language poets, were the court poets of the Welsh princes (beirdd y tywysogion means ‘poets of the princes’). The term gogynfeirdd is also applied to those poets who continued to sing in the same style during the fourteenth century. ...

Article

Griffiths [née Thomas], Ann (bap. 1776, d. 1805), hymn writer in Welsh, born at a farmhouse called Dolwar-fach in the parish of Llanfihangel-yng-Ngwynfa, Montgomeryshire, the fourth of the five children of John Evan Thomas (1736–1804), a tenant farmer, and his wife, Jane, ...

Article

Gruffydd, Owen (c. 1643–1730), Welsh-language poet and genealogist, was born in the parish of Llanystumdwy, Caernarvonshire, where he remained throughout his life. He was a weaver by trade and is said to have been the unacknowledged son of a priest, Gruffydd Owen. Certainly his poetry is that of a convinced churchman. He wrote angrily against ...

Article

See Gogynfeirdd

Article

Gwyn [White], Richard [St Richard Gwyn] (c. 1537–1584), martyr and Welsh-language poet, is said in two contemporary accounts of his martyrdom to have been born in Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire, with the surname Gwyn. Knowledge of his life is almost entirely derived from these two accounts—the Holywell MS and ...