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Frederick Gustavus Burnaby (1842–1885) by James Tissot, 1870 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burnaby, Frederick Gustavus (1842–1885), army officer and traveller, was born at the old rectory, St Peter's Green, Bedford, on 3 March 1842, the elder son of the Revd Gustavus Andrew Burnaby (1802–1872) of Somerby Hall, near Oakham, Rutland, rector of St Peter's, Bedford...

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Cavendish, Henry (1550–1616), soldier and traveller, was the eldest son of Sir William Cavendish (1508–1557) of Chatsworth, Derbyshire, administrator, and his third wife, Elizabeth [see Talbot, Elizabeth, countess of Shrewsbury (1527–1608)], noblewoman, known as Bess of Hardwick, daughter of John Hardwick...

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J. M. Rigg

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Chavasse, William (1784/5–1814), army officer and traveller, tried with a brother officer, Captain Macdonald, to explore in 1814 the route traversed by the ten thousand under Xenophon. Starting from Constantinople they got as far as Ingra, near Baghdad, where they were captured by a ...

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Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827), naval officer and traveller in Africa, was born at Annan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, the youngest son of George Clapperton, a surgeon, and his first wife, the daughter of John Johnstone. His mother died when he was a child, and his father remarried. Feckless (he fathered altogether twenty-one children), negligent of his medical practice, and, as a result, impoverished, his father left him to the charge of a spiteful stepmother who cared only for her own children. His schooling was neglected, and he learned little more than to read and write. Eventually the town schoolmaster gave him lessons in practical mathematics and navigation, and he taught himself to draw....

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Hugh Clapperton (1788–1827) by G. Manton Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Harris, Sir William Cornwallis (bap. 1807, d. 1848), army officer and traveller, the son of James Harris of Wittersham, Kent, was baptized on 2 April 1807. Robert Harris (1809–1865) was a younger brother. After attending a military college Harris was appointed to the ...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Irby, Charles Leonard (1789–1845), naval officer and traveller, born on 9 October 1789, was sixth son of Frederick Irby, second Baron Boston (1749–1825), and his wife, Christiana (d. 9 May 1832), only daughter of Paul Methuen of Corsham House, Wiltshire; he was the brother of ...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Ives, Edward (1719–1786), naval surgeon and traveller, was born in Lymington, Hampshire, on 9 February 1719; of his early life little is known save that he had at least one sister, Gatty. He served in the navy as surgeon of the Dragon initially in the ...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Jones, George Matthew (c. 1785–1831), naval officer and traveller, was the son of John Jones, general superintendent of Landguard Fort, Felixstowe, and his wife, Mary, née Roberts; General Sir John Thomas Jones, first baronet, and Lieutenant-General Sir Harry David Jones were his brothers. On 28 April 1802 he was promoted lieutenant in the ...

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Kinneir, Sir John Macdonald (1782–1830), army officer, traveller, and diplomatist, born at Carnden, Linlithgow, on 3 February 1782, was the illegitimate son of John Macdonald, comptroller of customs at Bo'ness, and Mrs Cecilia Maria Kinneir. In 1802 he was nominated to a cadetship by ...

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Leachman, Gerard Evelyn (1880–1920), army officer and traveller, was born in Petersfield, Hampshire, on 27 July 1880. Known to his friends as Gerald, he was the sixth child and only surviving son of Dr Albert Leachman, a medical practitioner, and his wife, Louise Caroline Singer...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Mangles, James (1786–1867), naval officer and traveller, entered the navy in March 1800, on the frigate Maidstone with Captain Ross Donnelly, whom in 1801 he followed to the Narcissus. After active service on the coast of France, at the capture of the Cape of Good Hope...

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North, Sir John (c. 1550–1597), soldier and traveller, was the eldest son of Roger North, second Baron North (1531–1600), of Kirtling, Cambridgeshire, and Winifred (d. 1578), daughter of Richard Rich, first Baron Rich, and widow of Sir Henry Dudley. The second Lord North...

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Oudney, Walter (1790–1824), naval surgeon and traveller in Africa, was born in December 1790 to humble parents, in Edinburgh. With some medical knowledge he became a surgeon's mate on a man-of-war, was appointed assistant surgeon and then surgeon in 1810, and was stationed in the ...

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Stairs, William Grant (1863–1892), army officer and traveller, the third son of John Stairs (d. 1888) of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and his wife, Mary Morrow (d. 1871), was born at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 1 July 1863. He was educated until the autumn of 1875 at ...