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Bond, Martin (1558?–1643), merchant, was the third or fourth son of William Bond (d. 1576), an alderman of London and merchant adventurer, who was sheriff in 1567. It is unclear whether he was the Martin Bond who, in 1572, was admitted to ...

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Chardin, Sir John [Jean] (1643–1712), traveller and merchant, was born in Paris on 16 November 1643 and baptized on 24 November at the protestant temple at Charenton, near Paris, the eldest son of Daniel Chardin, a merchant-jeweller in the place Dauphiné in Paris...

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Dillon, Peter (1788–1847), adventurer in the south seas, was born on 15 June 1788 on Martinique, the son of an Irishman, Peter Dillon, probably a soldier stationed on the island. About 1806 Dillon appears to have sailed for Calcutta and he later traded sandalwood between the ...

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Gresham, Sir Richard (c. 1485–1549), mercer, merchant adventurer, and mayor of London, was born at Holt, Norfolk, about 1485, probably the third of the four surviving sons—William, Thomas, Richard, and Sir John Gresham (c. 1495–1556)—of John Gresham and his wife, ...

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Grose, John Henry (b. 1732, d. in or after 1774), East India Company servant and writer on India, was born on 24 August 1732 in St Peter-le-Poer, City of London, probably at his father's house in Broad Street. He was the second of seven children of ...

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Holditch, Abraham (bap. 1639, d. 1678), naval officer and merchant adventurer, was baptized on 12 May 1639 at Totnes, Devon. He was probably the son of William Holditch (d. 1646?) and his wife, Agnes (bap. 1617), formerly Jakes. He married at ...

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Sir Richard Hotham (1722–1799) by William Dudman, 1796 Town Hall, Bognor Regis; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hotham, Sir Richard (1722–1799), merchant and founder of the resort of Bognor, was born in York on 5 October 1722, the youngest of five children (of whom only he and his sister survived infancy) of Joseph Hotham, gentleman, and his wife, Sarah Bradley...

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Knox, Robert (1641–1720), merchant and writer on Ceylon, was born on 8 February 1641 on Tower Hill, London, the second child of Robert Knox (bap. 1606, d. 1661) and Abigail, née Bonnell (d. 1655/6). The Knox family came from Nacton, Suffolk...

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Lok, Michael (c. 1532–1620x22), mercer, merchant adventurer, and traveller, was born in Cheapside, London, the youngest of five surviving sons of Sir William Lok (1480–1550) and his second wife, Catherine, née Cooke (d. 1537), and the brother of Rose Throckmorton. By his own account ...

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Lok, Sir William (1480–1550), mercer and merchant adventurer, was the second son of Thomas Lok and grandson of John Lok, sheriff of London in 1461, both of whom were also members of the Mercers' Company. Although formally admitted to the company only in 1507, ...

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Semple, Robert (1777–1816), traveller and governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, the son of Robert Semple and Anne Greenlaw, was born at Boston, Massachusetts, on 26 February 1777. His parents were loyalists and returned to England about the time of the American War of Independence. He became a merchant for ...

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Timberlake, Henry (d. 1625/6), merchant and traveller, came from the parish of Titchfield, near Portsmouth. Although nothing is known of his parents or his early life, in 1597 Timberlake is noted as owning shares, with Francis Cherry and Edward Dartnall, in the ship ...

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Weston, Thomas (d. 1644x7), merchant and colonial adventurer, played a leading role in supporting and setting out the pilgrims who settled Plymouth plantation in New England during 1620. His earlier trading activities in the Netherlands were halted by the privy council, following complaints from the ...

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Wheeler, John (d. 1617), secretary of the Company of Merchant Adventurers, is of obscure origins. His supposed connection to Great Yarmouth appears to be solely the result of confusion with John Wheeler (fl. 1610), the member of parliament for that town. By 1589 ...