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J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew C. F. David

Clerke, Charles (1743–1779), naval officer and circumnavigator, was born in Weatherfield, Essex, the son of Joseph Clerke, a farmer. He had a brother, Sir John Clerke, and a sister who married Paul Henry Maty. He entered the navy in 1755 as captain's servant and midshipman in the ...

Article

Clerke, Richard (fl. 1572–1596), navigator and privateer, claimed to have been born at Buckhurst, Essex, but is generally referred to as 'of Weymouth'. He presumably learned his trade in the ships of the latter port, being master of the Pilgrim between Weymouth...

Article

Dunn, Samuel (bap. 1723, d. 1794), teacher of mathematics and navigation, was born in Crediton, Devon, and baptized there on 7 February 1723, the son of John (d. 1744) and Alice Dunn. Nothing is known of his own education, which gave him a competence in mathematics, but by the age of nineteen he was keeping his own school and teaching writing, accounts, navigation, and other mathematical sciences. This building was destroyed in the fire which swept through ...

Article

Farquharson, Henry (c. 1675–1739), teacher of mathematics and navigation in Russia, was a son of John Farquharson (d. before 1691), from a branch of the family at Milton, Whitehouse, in west Aberdeenshire. He graduated after broadly based studies as Milne bursar (1691–5) at ...

Article

Gore, John (1729/30?–1790), circumnavigator and naval officer, was reputedly born in Virginia, and was presumably already an experienced seaman when, on 25 August 1755, he joined the Windsor (60 guns) at Portsmouth, and was rated midshipman. He was discharged to sick quarters in ...

Article

Horsburgh [Horsbrough], James (1762–1836), hydrographer and chart maker, was born at Elie, Fife, on 23 September 1762, the son of William Horsbrough, shoemaker, and his wife, Jean Given or Givan. In materials for an autobiographical account Horsburgh described them as 'pious, and respectable, but not opulent'; his mother, from accounts of her son's provision for her, continued to live in ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Inman, James (1776–1859), mathematician and writer on navigation, was the younger son of Richard Inman of Garsdale Foot, Sedbergh, Yorkshire. He attended Sedbergh grammar school, and subsequently became a pupil of John Dawson. Although entered at St John's College, Cambridge, in 1794, he did not go into residence until 1796. He graduated BA in 1800 as senior wrangler and first Smith's prizeman, and was elected to a fellowship....

Article

Lecky, Squire Thornton Stratford (1838–1902), writer on navigation, born in co. Down, was the son of Holland Lecky of Bally Holland House, Bangor, co. Down, and Castle Lecky, co. Londonderry. He was sent to school at Gracehill, co. Antrim. At fourteen, without permission of his parents, he began his career at sea as midshipman on the ...

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Squire Thornton Stratford Lecky (1838–1902) by unknown artist, c. 1900 © National Maritime Museum, London

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John William Norie (1772–1843) by Adam Buck (after Solomon? Williams, c. 1803) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Norie, John William (1772–1843), hydrographer and writer on navigation, was born at 39 Burr Street, Wapping, London, on 3 July 1772, the eldest of the eight children of James Norie (1737–1793), a Scot who had trained for the Presbyterian church and kept a school in ...

Article

Raper, Henry (1799–1859), naval officer and writer on navigation, was the eldest son of Admiral Henry Raper (1767–1845) and his wife, formerly a Miss Craig. After attending Charterhouse School he entered the navy in November 1811 on board the Mars, his father's ship. He joined the ...

Article

Tapp, John (c. 1575–1631), writer on navigation and publisher, was entered as an apprentice to the Drapers' Company in 1589 and was discharged in 1596. In the same year, while living near the Bulwark gate on Tower Hill, he re-edited the English translation by ...

Article

Waghorn, Thomas (1800–1850), naval officer and self-publicist, one of ten children of Thomas Waghorn, a butcher, and his wife, Ann Goodhugh, was born in Chatham, Kent, on 20 June 1800. He entered the navy in 1812 as a midshipman but was paid off in 1817 before completing the six years required to qualify as a lieutenant. He sailed to ...

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Thomas Waghorn (1800–1850) by Sir George Hayter © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Wyndham, Thomas (d. 1554), naval officer and navigator, the only son of Sir Thomas Wyndham (d. 1522) of Felbrigg, Norfolk, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Wentworth of Nettlestead and widow of Sir Roger Darcy of Danbury, Essex, gentleman of the chamber to ...

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Thomas Wyndham (d. 1554) by Hans Eworth, 1550 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London