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Abbott, Lemuel Francis [Samuel] (1760/61–1802), portrait painter, was the elder son of a clergyman in Leicestershire—probably the Revd Lemuel Abbott (d. 1776), curate of Anstey, later vicar of Thornton, and his wife, Mary. In 1775, at the age of fourteen, he was apprenticed to ...

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W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Arianne Burnette

Aggas, Robert (c. 1620–c. 1682), landscape and scene painter, was the son of Samuel Agas of St Andrew's parish, Holborn. The family was originally from Stoke by Nayland in Suffolk. Samuel Agas was the son of Edward Aggas, a bookseller and printer, and relative of ...

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Albin, Eleazar (d. 1742?), naturalist and watercolour painter, may have been born somewhere in the German states to a family named Weiss. Nothing is known of his early life, although he later claimed, in his Natural History of Birds (1731–8), to have been 'at ...

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Angell [née Coleman], Helen Cordelia (1847–1884), watercolour painter, was born in January 1847 at Horsham in Sussex, the fifth daughter in a family of twelve children born to William Thomas Coleman, a physician, and his wife, Henrietta Dendy. Despite her father's lack of sympathy for the visual arts, ...

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Ansdell, Richard (1815–1885), animal painter, son of Thomas Griffith Ansdell, block maker, and his wife, Ann, was born in Liverpool on 11 May 1815 and baptized on 5 July at St Peter's Church, Liverpool. He attended the Blue Coat School, Liverpool—whose assembled governors he later painted, in 1845 (...

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Ashford, William (1746–1824), landscape painter, was born in Birmingham and baptized at St Martin's parish church on 20 May 1746, the son of Richard Ashford, but made his career in Ireland. Ashford's family must have been of reasonable social standing as when he was eighteen in 1764 he went, according to ...

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Atkinson, John Augustus (1774x6–1830), painter and engraver, is of unknown parentage. He was taken as a boy aged eight or nine to St Petersburg by the mezzotint engraver James Walker, who may have been his uncle and who had accepted a post at the court of ...

Article

Austen, Winifred Marie Louise (1876–1964), artist and illustrator, was born in Ramsgate, Kent, on 12 July 1876, the only daughter of Josiah Austin, a Cornish naval surgeon, and his wife, Fanny, née Mann. She altered the spelling of her surname from Austin to ...

Article

Backhouse [née Holden], Margaret (bap. 1818, d. 1896), portrait and genre painter, one of several children of the Revd Henry Augustus Holden (1785–1870) and his wife, Mary Willetts (1790/91–1869), was born at Summer Hill, near Birmingham, and baptized on 28 September 1818 at ...

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Bacon, Sir Nathaniel (1585–1627), painter, was born at Redgrave in Suffolk in August 1585, the grandson of Lord Keeper Bacon and the youngest son of Sir Nicholas Bacon (c. 1543–1624) [see under Bacon, Sir Nathaniel (1546?-1622)], subsequently the premier baronet of ...

Image

Sir Nathaniel Bacon (1585–1627) self-portrait, c. 1618–20 reproduced by permission of the Earl of Verulam. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Bampfylde, Coplestone Warre (1720–1791), landscape painter and garden designer, was born on 28 February 1720 at Hestercombe House, Kingston, Taunton, great-grandson of Sir Coplestone Bampfylde (1637/8–1692) and the eldest of nine children of John Bampfylde (1691–1750), MP for Exeter and Devon, and his second wife, ...

Article

C. E. Dawkins

revised by V. Remington

Barber, Christopher (1735/6–1810), portrait painter, of whose parents nothing is known, painted portraits in oil, watercolour, and crayon, and miniatures in watercolour on ivory. He exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1770 and 1808, at the Society of Artists (of which he was a member before being forced to resign in 1765) from 1763 to 1765, and at the ...

Article

C. E. Dawkins

revised by R. J. Lambert

Barber, Joseph (1757–1811), landscape painter, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne, one of the six children of Joseph Barber, bookseller and copperplate printer, who resided at Amen Corner, and his wife, Eleanor. He settled at Birmingham, where he established a successful drawing school whose students included the watercolourist ...

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See Barber, Joseph

Article

Barlow, Francis (d. 1704), painter and etcher, was said by George Vertue to have come from Lincolnshire and to have been apprenticed in London to the portrait painter William Shepherd. His earliest dated work is a drawing of 1648 depicting David slaying the lion (...

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Barnard, Lambert (d. 1567/8), painter and calligrapher, may have been the son of a Dutch émigré rumoured to have come to England in the latter decades of the fifteenth century (Croft-Murray, 110), but further details of his parents and place of birth are unknown. He was perhaps born in the early 1490s, as his son ...

Article

See Barraud, William

Article

Barraud, William (bap. 1810, d. 1850), animal painter, was baptized on 4 April 1810 at St Mary's Church, Lambeth, London, one of the seventeen children of William Francis Barraud (bap. 1783, d. 1833), a clerk in the custom house, and his wife, ...

Article

Barret, George (1767–1842), landscape painter, was born in Orchard Street, Oxford Street, London, in December 1767, the third son of George Barret (1732?–1784) RA, the landscape painter, and his wife, Frances, née Percy, about four years after his father's arrival from Dublin. His eldest brother, ...