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Article

W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Arianne Burnette

Aggas, Robert (c. 1620–c. 1682), landscape and scene painter, was the son of Samuel Agas of St Andrew's parish, Holborn. The family was originally from Stoke by Nayland in Suffolk. Samuel Agas was the son of Edward Aggas, a bookseller and printer, and relative of ...

Article

W. J. Lawrence

revised by C. D. Watkinson

Beverly, William Roxby (1810?–1889), scene-painter, was born at Richmond, Surrey, probably in 1810, the youngest son of William Beverly or Beverley (1764/5–1842) and his wife, Mary (1775/6–1851). The elder Beverly, a well-known actor–manager, had abandoned his own surname of Roxby on taking to the boards, to distinguish himself from his uncle ...

Article

Burford, Robert (1791–1861), panorama painter and proprietor, was the son of John Burford, a panorama proprietor. Both Robert Burford and his father worked for Robert Barker (1739–1806), the inventor of the panorama, and then, after his death, for his son Henry Aston Barker (1774–1856)...

Article

Capon, William (1757–1827), scene-painter, architectural draughtsman, and architect, was born in Norwich on 6 October 1757, the son of Christopher Capon, portrait painter, and his wife, Anne, and was baptized at St Stephen's Church, Norwich, on 19 February 1758. At first he studied under his father but, preferring architecture, he moved to ...

Article

L. H. Cust

revised by Deborah Graham-Vernon

Carver, Robert (d. 1791), landscape and scene-painter, was born in Dublin, the son of Richard Carver (d. 1754), a history and landscape painter of some merit. Robert Carver studied under his father and also under Robert West at the Dublin Society Schools...

Article

Cattaneo, Ambrogio Antonio [Tony] (1927–2003), animator, was born on 15 February 1927 at 53 Hamilton Road, West Norwood, London, the son of Dante Cattaneo, a chef at the Savoy Hotel, originally from Gravedona, near Como, Italy, then living at 41 Burton Street, Euston Road, London...

Article

[Anon.]

revised by Raymond Ingram

Craven, Hawes (1837–1910), scene painter, was born Henry Hawes Craven Green on 3 July 1837 at Kirkgate, Leeds. His parents, James Green (d. 1881), a comedian, and Eliza Craven Green (1803–1866), an actress and, later, a poet, were performers on the York...

Image

Hawes Craven (1837–1910) by Henry van der Weyde, c. 1890 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

Article

Dall, Nicholas Thomas (d. 1776), decorative artist and scene-painter, was of Scandinavian origin. Nothing is known of his parentage or early life; however, he probably studied in Bologna in the 1740s under one of the masters of architectural capriccios for which the city was renowned. While there he may have received the commission from ...

Article

Devoto, John (fl. 1708–1752), painter and scene designer, was referred to as being French during his lifetime, but his parents were probably Italian and the name has Genoese connections. It is circumstantially probable that he was related to the John Devoto who made properties for the court masque ...

Article

Ellenshaw, Peter (1913–2007), special effects artist and landscape painter, was born William Samuel Cook Ellenshaw at 76 Chatham Road, Battersea, London, on 24 May 1913, the son of Adeline Eyles. His mother was named on his birth certificate as Alice Ellenshaw, formerly Eyles...

Article

Gifford, Denis (1927–2000), cartoonist and film historian, was born on 26 December 1927 at 1 Bampton Road, Forest Hill, London, the son of William Thomas Benjamin Gifford, a lithographic printer, and his wife, Amelia Emma Rachel, née Hutchings. From his early pre-school years he showed his talent for drawing, and he claimed that from the age of three he had begun to collect and cherish comics. He was educated in ...

Article

Godfrey, Roland Frederick [Bob] (1921–2013), animator, director, and film-maker, was born on 27 May 1921 in Horse Shoe Bend, West Maitland, New South Wales, Australia, the son of Roland Charles Godfrey, a Banbury operator employed in the making of chemical blends for motor vehicle tyres. Known throughout his life as ...

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Roland Frederick Godfrey (1921–2013) by Jack Lowe, c.2004 © Jack Lowe / The Bob Godfrey Collection

Article

Greenwood, Thomas (bap. 1752?, d. 1797), scene-painter, is believed to be the son of the engraver John Greenwood (1729–1768), who may have come to London from Yorkshire where there was a thriving branch of the family. Thomas Greenwood was not, however, related to the American-born painter ...

Article

Hamermesh, Mira (1923–2012), painter and documentary film-maker, was born Mirjam Hamermesz in Łódź, Poland, on 15 July 1923, the third and youngest child of Josef Meir Hamermesz, manufacturer, and his wife, Fajga, née Lerer. Her brother, Mordechai, was born in 1918, and her sister, ...

Article

Harker, Joseph Cunningham (1855–1927), scene painter and theatrical designer, was born on 17 October 1855 in Levenshulme, Lancashire, the third of the three children of William Harker and his wife, Maria O'Connor. When Harker was three years old, his father, a well-known character actor in ...

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Gerard Hoffnung (1925–1959) by Peter Keen, late 1950s © Peter Keen; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hoffnung, Gerard [formerly Gerhardt] (1925–1959), cartoonist and musical humorist, was born in Grünewald, Berlin, on 22 March 1925, the only child of German-Jewish parents, Ludwig Hoffnung, a wealthy grain merchant, and his wife, Hilde, a widow, whose first husband, Schnabel, was killed in the First World War. His mother was a keen amateur musician and artist who encouraged his artistic talents. From his earliest years he was interested in the macabre—fairy tales, practical jokes, and the comic drawings of the famous German illustrators and caricaturists....

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Leslie George Hurry (1909–1978) self-portrait, 1944 by courtesy of the Tate Gallery, London / © reserved