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H. M. Chichester

revised by A. G. L. Shaw

Anderson, Joseph (1790–1877), army officer and colonist, was born on 1 July 1790 at Keoldale, Sutherland, Scotland, the son of James Anderson of Rispond and his wife, Fairly Gordon. In 1805 he was appointed an ensign in the 78th highlanders, with which he served in ...

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Elfrith, Daniel (fl. 1607–1640), privateer and colonist in the West Indies, was active in the Caribbean from 1607. Nothing is known of his earlier life. He was memorialized by Alexander Brown in his Genesis of the United States (1890) as 'the man who carried the first rats to the ...

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Fenwick, George (c. 1603–1657), colonist in America, army officer, and politician, was the son of George Fenwick of Brinkburn, Northumberland, a country squire, and his wife, Dorothy, daughter of John Forster of Newham. He matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1619, was called to the bar at ...

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Gorges, Sir Ferdinando (1568–1647), army officer and promoter of colonization in America, was the second son of Edward Gorges (d. 1568) and Cicely Lygon of Wraxall, Somerset. The year of his birth was estimated for some time at 1566, but it appears to be reasonably certain that he was born between 31 May and 23 July 1568 at the family's suburban ...

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Hutchinson, Richard (b. 1597, d. in or before 1670), colonist in America and naval administrator, was born in Alford, Lincolnshire, on 3 January 1597, the fourth child and fourth son in the family of six sons and two daughters (one of whom died young) of ...

Article

Lane, Sir Ralph (d. 1603), soldier and colonist, was of unknown parentage and education. He ranked in that restless corps of Tudor wanderers who schemed the advance of English interests in Ireland and America even as they chased fortunes for themselves. Nineteenth-century scholars presumed that he came from ...

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Newport, Christopher (bap. 1561, d. 1617), privateer and colonist, was baptized at Harwich, Essex, on 29 December 1561, the son of Christopher Newport, himself a Harwich shipmaster, and his wife, Jane. Young Christopher was serving on the Minion of London in 1580 when he jumped ship at ...

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Oglethorpe, James Edward (1696–1785), army officer and founder of the colony of Georgia, was born in London on 22 December 1696, the third and youngest surviving son of Sir Theophilus Oglethorpe (1650–1702), politician and army officer, and his wife, Eleanor, née Wall (1662–1732)...

Image

James Edward Oglethorpe (1696–1785) by Thomas Burford, pubd c. 1743–5 © Copyright The British Museum

Article

Rich, Robert, second earl of Warwick (1587–1658), colonial promoter and naval officer, was born in May or June 1587, probably at Leighs Priory, Essex, the eldest son of Robert Rich, third Baron Rich and later first earl of Warwick (1559?–1619), courtier and privateer, and his first wife, ...

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Robert Rich, second earl of Warwick (1587–1658) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1634 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Jules Bache Collection, 1949. (49.7.26) Photograph © 1998 The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Article

Somers, Sir George (1554–1610), privateer and colonial adventurer, was born in Lyme Regis, Dorset, the son of John Somer (as the name was then spelt) and his wife, Alice (d. 1591). He first comes to notice in 1587 when he used prize money to buy ...

Article

Standish, Myles (c. 1584–1656), soldier and colonist, was born at Ellanbane, Lezayre parish, on the Isle of Man, the second of three sons born to John Standish and Christian Lace. The strongest clues to his parentage come from his will, in which he refers to certain lands in ...

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Underhill, John (c. 1608–1672), soldier and colonist in America, was born in Bergen op Zoom in the Netherlands to John Underhill of Warwickshire, a soldier who died in October 1608, and Honor Pauley of St Ives parish, Cornwall. He married Helena de Hooch (...

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Wingfield, Edward Maria (b. 1550, d. in or after 1619), soldier and colonist in America, was born in Stoneley, Huntingdonshire, the son of Thomas Maria Wingfield (d. 1557) and of Margaret Kay from Yorkshire, and the grandson of Sir Richard Wingfield (b. in or before 1469, d. 1525)...

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Wynne, Peter (d. 1609), soldier and colonist in Virginia, very probably came of a Welsh family that lived near the town of Mold in Flintshire. The first evidence of his existence dates from 1586, when Sir William Stanley commissioned him to captain a company of troops that belonged to the army of ...