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Image

Francis Rawdon Chesney (1789–1872) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Chesney, Francis Rawdon (1789–1872), army officer and explorer, was born on 16 March 1789 at Ballyvea, Annalong, co. Down, the eldest son of Alexander Chesney (1755–1843) and his second wife, Jane, née Wilson (b. c.1763), both Ulster protestants of Scottish descent. ...

Article

Croft, (Noel) Andrew Cotton (1906–1998), army officer and Arctic explorer, was born on 30 November 1906 at Abbey Cottage, Essex Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, the only son and fourth child of the Revd Robert William Croft, curate of Stevenage, and his wife, Lottie Alice Bland Clayton...

Article

Gilbert, Sir Humphrey (1537–1583), explorer and soldier, was born in Greenway, near Dartmouth, Devon between January and May 1537, the second son of Otho Gilbert of Compton, Devon (d. 1547), landowner, and Katherine, daughter of Sir Philip Champernoun of Modbury, Devon. Following ...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Gill, William John (1843–1882), explorer and army officer, was born in Bangalore, India, on 10 September 1843, the eldest son of the three sons of Major Robert Gill (1805–1879) of the Madras native infantry, and his wife, Frances Flowerdew (Fanny) Rickerby (1817–1887). His father was commissioned by the ...

Article

Humfrey, John (c. 1597–1651), colonist and parliamentary army officer, was born in Dorset, the only son of Michael Humfrey (c.1572–1626), of Chaldon and Fordington, Dorset, and his wife, Dorothy, née Bawler, daughter of William Bawler of Sherborne. His father was a clerk and factotum to ...

Article

Morgan [Morgan Wolff], Walter (b. c. 1550, d. in or after 1604), soldier and map maker, probably originated from Monmouthshire, where a Morgan Wollph is recorded as the earl of Pembroke's tenant in 1583. His parentage and education are unknown. He supplied some autobiographical details in a letter to ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Stuart Handley

Neale, Walter (fl. 1617–1639), army officer and explorer, used a coat of arms of the Neale family of Leicestershire and Northamptonshire, although nothing is known of his parentage or background. He has often been confused with Walter Neale (d. 1612/13), the son of ...

Article

R. H. Vetch

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Stotherd, Richard Hugh (1828–1895), army officer and surveyor, son of General Richard J. Stotherd (1796–1879), colonel-commandant Royal Engineers, and his first wife, Elizabeth Sydney (d. 1853), daughter of Hugh Boyle, of Dungiven, co. Londonderry, was born at Angler Castle, co. Tyrone, on 25 November 1828. His father, who came of a ...

Article

Sturt, Charles (1795–1869), soldier and explorer in Australia, was born on 28 April 1795 at Chunar-Ghur, Bengal, India, the eldest of the eight surviving sons and third of the thirteen children of Thomas Lenox Napier Sturt (1767–1837), an East India Company judge from a genteel but not well-to-do ...

Image

Charles Sturt (1795–1869) by John Michael Crossland, c. 1853 [replica] © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Webbe, Edward (b. 1553/4), soldier and adventurer, son of Richard Webbe, 'master gunner of England' (Webbe, Travailes, 17), was born at St Katharine by the Tower, London. Nothing is known of his mother. 'A simple man voide of learning' (...