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Bond, Martin (1558?–1643), merchant, was the third or fourth son of William Bond (d. 1576), an alderman of London and merchant adventurer, who was sheriff in 1567. It is unclear whether he was the Martin Bond who, in 1572, was admitted to ...

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Booth, Sir Felix, first baronet (1780–1850), distiller and promoter of Arctic exploration, was born on 3 June 1780, the youngest son of Philip Booth, a distiller of 55 Turnmill Street, Clerkenwell, London, and his wife, Elizabeth Wallis, who had in all three sons and three daughters. ...

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Claypoole, James (1634–1687), merchant and pioneer settler in America, was born in December 1634 at Northborough Manor, Northamptonshire, the ninth of the fourteen children of John Claypoole or Claypole, a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Mary Angell, the daughter of a wealthy London...

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Eldred, Thomas (1561–1624), mariner and merchant, was born in Brook Street, St Mary Quay, Ipswich, Suffolk, on 24 October 1561 and was baptized at St Mary Quay Church on 8 November following. He was the second, and eldest surviving, of the six sons of ...

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See Enderby family

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Fenner, George (c. 1540–1618), merchant and privateer, is of unknown parentage. However, the name Fenner was common in west Sussex, and the family into which he was born has been described variously as a mercantile clan in Chichester itself, or as a minor but armigerous gentry family based at ...

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Goldsborough, Sir John (d. 1693), mariner and East India Company servant, is of obscure antecedents. A branch of the Goldsborough family was domiciled at Hadleigh near Ipswich in the seventeenth century and Goldsborough bequeathed a life interest in an estate in Suffolk to his wife; otherwise there are no indications of links with the county. He also left her house property in ...

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Grose, John Henry (b. 1732, d. in or after 1774), East India Company servant and writer on India, was born on 24 August 1732 in St Peter-le-Poer, City of London, probably at his father's house in Broad Street. He was the second of seven children of ...

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Hargraves, Edward Hammond (1816–1891), gold prospector in Australia, the third son of John Edward Hargraves, a lieutenant of the Sussex militia, and his wife, Elizabeth Whitcombe, was born at Stoke Cottage, Gosport, Hampshire, on 7 October 1816. His schooling was at Brighton and ...

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Hawkins, William (c. 1519–1589), merchant and sea captain, was the elder of two sons of William Hawkins (b. before 1490, d. 1554/5), merchant and MP, and his wife, Joan, only child of Roger Trelawny, of Brightor, Cornwall. Little is known of his youth, but he probably served on some of his father's voyages to ...

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See Henty, Edward

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Holditch, Abraham (bap. 1639, d. 1678), naval officer and merchant adventurer, was baptized on 12 May 1639 at Totnes, Devon. He was probably the son of William Holditch (d. 1646?) and his wife, Agnes (bap. 1617), formerly Jakes. He married at ...

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Horrocks, John (1768–1804), cotton spinner and manufacturer, was born on 27 March 1768 at Bradshaw Hall Farm, Bradshaw, near Bolton, one of five surviving children of John Horrocks (d. 1816), stone-quarry proprietor, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Booth. At an early age ...

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Hortop, Job (fl. 1550–1591), powder maker and seaman, was born in Bourne, Lincolnshire. From the age of twelve he served the queen's powder maker in Rotherhithe, London, until pressed as a gunner in the Jesus of Lubeck on John Hawkins's third slaving voyage (October 1567). After the disaster at ...

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Sir Richard Hotham (1722–1799) by William Dudman, 1796 Town Hall, Bognor Regis; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hotham, Sir Richard (1722–1799), merchant and founder of the resort of Bognor, was born in York on 5 October 1722, the youngest of five children (of whom only he and his sister survived infancy) of Joseph Hotham, gentleman, and his wife, Sarah Bradley...

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Knox, Robert (1641–1720), merchant and writer on Ceylon, was born on 8 February 1641 on Tower Hill, London, the second child of Robert Knox (bap. 1606, d. 1661) and Abigail, née Bonnell (d. 1655/6). The Knox family came from Nacton, Suffolk...

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Leigh, Charles (bap. 1572, d. 1605), merchant and sea captain, was baptized on 12 March 1572 at Addington, Surrey, the seventh of eight children of John Leigh (d. 1576) and his wife, Joan (d. 1593), daughter and heir of Sir John Oliph...

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Lok, Michael (c. 1532–1620x22), mercer, merchant adventurer, and traveller, was born in Cheapside, London, the youngest of five surviving sons of Sir William Lok (1480–1550) and his second wife, Catherine, née Cooke (d. 1537), and the brother of Rose Throckmorton. By his own account ...

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Morris, Lewis (1613?–1691), merchant and colonist in America, details of whose parentage and birthplace are uncertain, has traditionally been identified as Lewis (b. 1601), eldest son of William Morris of Tintern Manor, Monmouthshire, Wales. This has been disputed, however, on the basis that no record of him exists prior to his term of indenture to the ...