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Bettmann, Siegfried (1863–1951), cycle and motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 18 April 1863 at Nuremberg, Bavaria, youngest of the eleven children of Mayer Bettmann and his third wife, Sophie Weil. Educated in Germany, he taught himself the linguistic skills which enabled him to take up clerical posts throughout ...

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D'Erlanger, Sir Gerard John Regis Leo (1906–1962), airline company director and financier, was born at Hall Place, Bexley, Kent, on 1 June 1906. He was the only son and the elder of the two children of Baron Emile Beaumont D'Erlanger (1866–1939), international banker and chairman of ...

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Instone, Sir Samuel (1878–1937), shipping and aviation entrepreneur, was born at Gravesend on 16 August 1878, the son of Adolphe Instone, and the eldest of three brothers. He was educated at Tunbridge Wells and at Boulogne. At the age of fifteen he went to work in the port, and soon acquired a very considerable knowledge of shipping between the ...

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Levinson, Maurice (1911–1984), taxi driver and author, was born at Kishinev, Bessarabia, Russia, on 24 March 1911, son of Mendel Levinson (1891–1918), tailor, and his wife, Rose (1894–1961), seamstress. He left Bessarabia when he was six months old, following an anti-semitic pogrom in which his grandfather was murdered. After traversing ...

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Dorothy Elizabeth Levitt (1882–1922) by Foulsham & Banfield, pubd 1909 © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

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Levitt, Dorothy Elizabeth (1882–1922), motorist and author, was born Elizabeth Levi at 11 Colvestone Crescent, Hackney, London, on 5 January 1882, the second of three daughters of Jacob Levi (1852–1934) and Julia Raphael (1856–1942). The Levi family was a prosperous and well-established Jewish family. ...

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Levy, Lewis (1785/6–1856), farmer of tolls, was probably born in 1786, but nothing else is known about his early life. Until 1864–5, tolls were levied on the major roads leading into London. The resulting revenue was used to repair and sometimes light the roads, and to service the debts incurred during construction and maintenance work. Collection of the tolls was generally not carried out by the turnpike authorities themselves, but was let by auction. ...

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See Bentley Boys

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G. C. Boase

revised by Anita McConnell

Samuda, Joseph D'Aguilar (1813–1885), engineer and shipbuilder, was born in London on 21 May 1813, the second son of Abraham Samuda, a broker and East and West India merchant of Portuguese Jewish origin, and his wife, Joy, daughter of H. D'Aguilar of Enfield Chase, Middlesex...

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Schwabe, Gustav Christian (1813–1897), shipowner and financier, one of four sons of Philipp Benjamin Schwabe and his second wife, Rosalie Levi, was born in Hamburg on 10 May 1813. Philipp Schwabe, a very wealthy Jewish merchant, had an older son, Ludwig Philipp, from his first marriage, to a woman called ...

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Speyer, Sir Edgar, baronet (1862–1932), railway financier and patron of music, was born in New York on 7 September 1862, the second son of Gustavus Speyer, a Jewish banker, of Frankfurt, and his wife, Sophia, daughter of Rudolph Rubino, of Fritzlar, Prussia, and ...

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Sir Edgar Speyer, baronet (1862–1932) by Sir William Orpen, exh. RA 1914 Witt Library, Courtauld Institute of Art, London