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Anthoine, Julian Vincent [Mo] (1939–1989), mountaineer, was born at 249 Marlpool Lane, Kidderminster, Worcestershire, on 1 August 1939, the second of two children of Joseph Franklin Anthoine (1907–1972), carpet designer, and his first wife, Enid May Smith (1899–1944). He was educated at Bennett Street primary school...

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Auldjo, John (1805–1886), geologist and alpinist, was born on 26 July 1805 in Montreal, the eldest in the family of two sons and one daughter of Alexander Auldjo (d. 1821), born in Aberdeen but then a partner in Maitland, Gardner, and Auldjo...

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Boardman, Peter David (1950–1982), mountaineer and author, was born on 25 December 1950 at 19 Ack Lane, Bramhall, Cheshire, the second of two sons of Alan Howe Boardman (1920–1979), engineering executive, and his wife, Dorothy Griffiths (b. 1923), lecturer. From 1956 to 1969 he attended ...

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Peter David Boardman (1950–1982) by Terry Tullis Alpine Club Photo Library, London

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Borthwick, Alastair Charles (1913–2003), journalist and mountaineer, was born on 17 February 1913 at 38 Calderwood Road, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire, the son of Alexander Charles Borthwick, electrical engineer, and his wife, Jessie Scotland, née Bayne. He was brought up in Troon, Ayrshire, but moved to ...

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Bourdillon, Thomas Duncan (1924–1956), mountaineer and physicist, was born at 24 Norland Square, North Kensington, London, on 16 March 1924, the elder son of Robert Benedict Bourdillon (1889–1971), scientist, and his wife, Harriet Ada Barnes. He was educated at Gresham's School, Holt, and ...

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Thomas Duncan Bourdillon (1924–1956) by Alfred Gregory, 1953 The Royal Geographical Society, London

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Brown, Thomas Graham (1882–1965), neurophysiologist and mountaineer, was born on 27 March 1882 in Edinburgh, the eldest child of the three sons and one daughter of John James Graham Brown, sometime president of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, and his wife, ...

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Charles Granville Bruce (1866–1939) by George Percy Jacomb-Hood, 1913 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Kenneth Mason

revised by Peter H. Hansen

Bruce, Charles Granville (1866–1939), army officer and mountaineer, was born in London on 7 April 1866, the youngest son of Henry Austin Bruce, first Baron Aberdare (1815–1895), politician, and his second wife, Nora Creina Blanche (d. 1897), youngest daughter of Lieutenant-General Sir William Napier...

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Bury, Charles Kenneth Howard- (1883–1963), mountaineer and army officer, was born at Charleville Castle, King's county, Ireland, on 15 August 1883, the only son of Captain Kenneth Howard-Bury (1846–1885), army officer, and his wife, Lady Emily Alfreda Julia (1856–1931), youngest daughter of Charles William Bury, ...

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Arthur John Butler (1844–1910) by Frederick Hollyer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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A. T. Quiller-Couch

revised by Nilanjana Banerji

Butler, Arthur John (1844–1910), Italian scholar and mountaineer, born at Putney, Surrey, on 21 June 1844, was the eldest of the six children of William John Butler (1818–1894), at that time curate of Puttenham, near Guildford, Surrey, but best-known as the dean of ...

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Cameron, Una May (1904–1987), mountaineer, was born at Rutherford House, West Linton, Peeblesshire, Scotland, on 6 May 1904, one of twin girls, the daughter of Ewen Cameron, landed proprietor, and his wife, Jeanie Dewar. The family was Scottish by descent, and its fortune was based on whisky. In adulthood this wealth enabled ...

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Frederick Spencer Chapman (1907–1971) by Howard Coster, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Chapman, Frederick Spencer (1907–1971), explorer and mountaineer, was born on 10 May 1907 at Kensington, London, the younger son and younger child of Frank Spencer Chapman, solicitor, of Oakwood Court, Kensington, and his wife, Winifred Ormond, who died within a month of the birth. She was the daughter of ...

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Collie, John Norman (1859–1942), organic chemist and mountaineer, was born at Ferns Cottage, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, on 10 September 1859, the second son of John Collie, a businessman, and his wife, Selina Mary (d. 1883), daughter of Henry Winkworth, a silk merchant, and sister of ...

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(William) Martin Conway, Baron Conway of Allington (1856–1937) by Bassano, 1895 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Conway, (William) Martin, Baron Conway of Allington (1856–1937), art historian and mountaineer, was born on 12 April 1856 at Rochester, Kent, the only son of William Conway, a low-church evangelical vicar of St Nicholas's Church, Rochester, afterwards rector of St Margaret's Church, Westminster...

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Coolidge, William Augustus Brevoort (1850–1926), mountaineer, was born in New York on 28 August 1850, the son of Frederick William Skinner Coolidge, a merchant, of Boston, Massachusetts, and his wife, Elisabeth Neville Brevoort, a New Yorker whose family had made a fortune in the fur trade. ...